Arhiva Naţională a Republicii Moldova
- National Archive of the Republic of Moldova
National Archive of the Republic of Moldova (ANRM) was created on 3 December 1990 by merging the Central State Archive of MSSR (created in 1958 by merging the Central Historical State Archive of MSSR with the Central State Archive of the October Revolution and Socialist Construction of MSSR, both created in 1945) with the Central State Archive for photo-cinema documents, which was established in 1977.
Geographical and Cultural Context
The National Archive preserves and maintains documents relating to the political, economic, social and cultural life of Moldova from XV century to the beginning of the XXI century.
Mandates/Sources of Authority
ANRM operates in accordance with:
The Regulation on the organisation and functioning of the State Archive (approved by the Government Decision nr.695, September 14, 2012) http://lex.justice.md/index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang=1&id=344816
Law nr.880, January 22, 1992 on the Archival Fund of the Republic of Moldova http://lex.justice.md/md/312887/
State Archive Fund Regulation (approved by Government Decision no.352 of May 27, 1992) http://lex.justice.md/viewdoc.php?action=view&view=doc&id=296178
Law no.133 of July 8, 2011 on the protection of personal data http://lex.justice.md/md/340495/
ANRM comprises 10 services/sections:
- Service of planning and methodical activity;
- Service of conservation documents of the State Archival Fund;
- Library Service - section of completing documents, departmental archives, secretarial work and public relations;
- Section of research, revaluation and publication of documents;
- Service of reading room;
- Section of records and scientific-informative apparatus;
- Section of audiovisual documents;
- Service with secret regime of completing, registration and storage of documents;
- Service of restoration and microfilming documents;
- Service of technical supply and operation of buildings.
For phone contacts for each section (sections' names are available only in Romanian, but they are arranged in the same order as they appear here on the portal) see: http://www.arhiva.gov.md/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=27
Records Management and Collecting Policies
ANRM permanently stores documents issued by ministries and other central administrative authorities such as state enterprises, institutions and organisations. These documents are included in the State Archival Fund.
Stored documents are organised in files that are included in fonds. All fonds have inventories and other tools for searching the required information. Most of the fonds are in Russian.
ANRM headquarters are in a building specifically built for this purpose in 1964. The archive has a deposit capacity of 13.5 linear kilometers.
Archival and Other Holdings
ANRM holds 96,1102 archival files organised in 2,043 fonds and collections. ANRM Audiovisual Fund comprises 15,590 cinema documents, 228,767 photographic documents and 5,624 phonograph documents.
The most important fonds of original documents reflecting the social, economic, cultural and administrative life of Moldova for XV-XIX centuries are the collection of Moldovan medieval acts which covers the period 1420-1904 and the fond of „Senatorilor preşedinţi în Divanurile Principatelor Moldovei şi Valahiei, anii 1808-1812” (Senators presidents ruling principalities Moldavia and Vallachia, 1808-1812).
The Russian Empire Administration of Bessarabia is reflected in many collections of documents, among the most important are: "Chancellery of the governor of Bessarabia, 1793-1919"; "The Regional Council of Bessarabia, 1818-1873" and "Administration of Bessarabia region, 1828-1918", as well as fonds of other institutions from that period.
A valuable section of information is represented by the documents that reflect the history of Bessarabia as part of Romania (1918-1940, 1941-1944). Various information, however incomplete, can be found in the documents of the fonds of administrative bodies of Bessarabia, as such as: "Sfatul Ţării, 1917-1918"; "General Commissariat of Bessarabia, 1917-1918"; "Governmental Commissariat of Bessarabia and Bucovina, 1924-1927" and "The Cabinet of Administration of Bessarabia, Bucovina, and Transnistria, 1941-1944". Particularly relevant for research into the history of local towns and villages are the fonds of counties' prefectures, praetures and city halls.
MSSR history, since 1940, and then from 1944 is reflected in the documents of the central administration (government), ministries, state committees and commissions, prosecution and judiciary bodies, industrial enterprises, cultural and educational institutions etc.
Over time ANRM took over a number of 170 fonds of personal origins. These fonds are comprised of personal documents and creation materials of scientists and culture personalities.
Finding Aids, Guides, and Publication
The Guide of the National Archive of the Republic of Moldova (Part I, up to 1917 year, second edition, revised and supplemented), Chişinău, 2004
The Guide of the National Archive of the Republic of Moldova (Part II, 1918 - beginning of XXI century, second edition, revised and supplemented), Chişinău, 2012
ANRM is open from Monday to Friday between 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Lunch break -12 p.m. - 1 p.m.
The reading room is open:
Monday, Wednesday, Friday between 9 a.m. - 5 p.m., and Tuesday and Thursday between 11 a.m. - 7 p.m.
Last Friday of the month is the sanitary day.
Conditions of Access
Access is free based on an ID card which is issued within 3 days after having filed a request. The ID card is valid for one year.
The archive's building is not wheelchair accessible.
ANRM reading room is the place where researchers can spend time doing research. Access to the reading room for researchers is regulated by internal regulations which are not accessible online at the moment. Researchers have access to the book collection of the archive's library through the reading room.
The reading room has a capacity of 24 seats. Researchers can use three modern devices to view microfilms.