Language of Description: English
Country: Hungary
  1. Records of the Chief Constable of the Tiszafüred District, 1893-1944

    • Tiszafüredi járás főszolgabírájának iratai, 1893-1944

    The majority of the records of the Tiszafüred administrative district from the period 1938-1945 were lost or destroyed. The relevant parts that remained include the fragments of presidential and mobilization records that hold information on administrative measures against non-resident aliens and foreigners, internment and custody, registration, expulsion of Jews, supervision of Jewish organizations and institutions, military labour service, citizenship cases, implementation of anti-Jewish laws and decrees, the supervision and activities of extreme right-wing political parties and organizati...

  2. Records of the Chief Constable of the Gyöngyös District, 1884-1951

    • Gyöngyösi járás főszolgabírájának iratai, 1884-1951

    The majority of the records of the Gyöngyös administrative district from the period 1938-1945 were lost or destroyed. The relevant parts that remained include administrative records of 1938-1944, including documents on the supervision and activities of extreme right-wing political parties and organizations in the localities of the district, nationalization and distribution of Jewish landholdings, as well as registries and lists of permits of tradesmen and merchants in alphabetical order of localities and persons between 1884-1951.

  3. Records of the Chief Constable of the Eger District, 1895-1955

    • Egri járás főszolgabírájának iratai, 1895-1955

    The majority of the records of the Eger administrative district from the period 1938-1945 were lost or destroyed. The relevant parts that remained include mobilization records of 1939-1944, including documents on Jewish military labour service, registration and internment of Jews, utilization of Jewish apartments for military purposes (1939-1944), records on the social support and aid of returning deportees (1947), records of military care (post -1945) as well as registries and lists of permits of tradesmen and merchants in alphabetical order of localities and persons between 1895-1955.

  4. Records of the Eger Financial Directorate, 1870-1956

    The collection of the Financial Directorate covers all financial matters of companies and individuals, including but not limited to all kinds of taxation, salaries and pensions, monopolies and excises, licensing, fees and tolls, land mortgage and release, and insurance matters. The most relevant Holocaust-related part of the collection is the Records of the Department No VIII. from 1944, including declarations of Jewish citizens on their assets and inventories of Jewish property. Following the Nazi occupation of Hungary, Prime Minister’s Decree no. 1600/1944 issued on 16 April on the declar...

  5. Records of the Subprefect of Heves County, 1867-1950

    • Heves vármegye alispánjának iratai, 1867-1950

    The fond of the records of the Subprefect is one of the key collections pertaining to the history of the Jewish communities and the Holocaust in Heves County. The most relevant parts are the following: IV. 404.a. Administrative records, 1876-1944 The material from the years 1938-1943 (boxes 492-748), include records concerning the implementation of the anti-Jewish laws and instances of bureaucratic and illegal antisemitic measures, including the withdrawal of trade licences and permits, quitting rental agreements of Jews, exclusion of Jews from the municipal committees and social organizati...

  6. A Kassai VIII. Csendőrkerület Ungvári Osztályának Gazdasági Hivatala (1939-1945)

    • Records of Ungvár Economic Office of the Kassa or 8th Gendarmerie District of Hungary (1939-1945)

    Next to various levels of public administration and the Hungarian police forces, the Hungarian gendarmerie was the major organization responsible for the implementation of the Holocaust in Hungary in 1944. Its representatives ghettoized and deported Hungarian Jews from the countryside and often did so in a cruel and brutal manner. The 8th Gendarmerie district of Hungary was organized upon Hungary's (re)acquisition of territory from Czechoslovakia around the time of the latter's destruction. The gendarmerie district had its center in Kassa and had one of its divisions in Ungvár. Miscellaneou...

  7. Minisztertanácsi jegyzőkönyvek

    • Protocols of the Council of Ministers

    The Council of Ministers was the most important executive authority in Hungary before and during the Holocaust. It was composed of Ministers who could be substituted by leading Ministry officials. It was presided by the Head of State (Regent Horthy until 1944) or, in his absence, the Prime Minister. The Council of Ministers tended to hold its sessions once a week but occasionally more often than that. After 1920, proposals were pre-circulated, the Ministers only added their remarks at the meetings and debates could ensue. The Council of Ministers, originally established in the year of the A...

  8. Joint Magyarországi Képviselete iratai

    • Documents of the Hungarian Representation of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee

    The collection contains miscellaneous documents of the Joint Magyarországi Bizottsága (the Hungarian Committee of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee) and the Országos Zsidó Segítő Bizottság (the National Jewish Aid Organization) between 1945 and 1950. The documents include the agenda and minutes of meetings of the Hungarian Committee of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee as well as the proposals of its various departments, its financial and operational reports, budgets, internal correspondence, correspondence with various Hungarian authorities as well as internat...

  9. Landeszman-gyűjtemény

    • Documents collected by former Director of the Jewish Archives of Hungary György Landeszman

    The Landeszman collection includes miscellaneous Holocaust-related documents from 1944-45 and the postwar period, such as documents of individual labor servicemen, letters and requests of the Central Jewish Council from the year 1944, daily demands various Hungarian and German authorities sent to the Central Jewish Council, requesting the delivery of various objects or the provision of various services, notes on the organization of ghetto life, documents regarding the ghettoization and deportation of Jews of Kiskunhalas and Sopron, reports from countryside ghettos from May 1944, list of pro...

  10. Magyar Izraeliták Országos Képviselete iratai. Jogügyi Osztály

    • Documents of the National Representation of Hungarian Israelites. Legal Department

    The largest part of this vast collection was created in the years 1959 to 1963 and contains ample information on what happened to individuals and families during the Holocaust in Hungary. The documents were collected by the Magyar Izraeliták Országos Képviselete Jogügyi Osztálya (the Legal Department of the National Representation of Hungarian Israelites). They were employed as evidence in Holocaust-related legal cases such as compensation cases and cases to determinate pensions. Next to personal recollections, the collection includes testimonies taken by notaries and certificates issued by...

  11. A Magyar Izraeliták Országos Irodájának iratai

    • Documents of the National Office of Hungarian Israelites

    This body of documents holds the records of the National Office of Hungarian Israelites. Its elements with relevance to the history of antisemitism and the Holocaust range from 1939 to 1945 and include: documents regarding the organization’s responses to the anti-Jewish legislation, such as appeals and petitions written to the Hungarian governmental and legislative authorities; correspondence with Jewish individuals, communities and Hungarian and foreign authorities regarding the individual cases of persecuted Hungarian Jews in the country and abroad; documents regarding the aid and relief ...

  12. Pesti Izraelita Hitközség iratai (Segélyprogramok)

    • Documents of the Pest Jewish Community (Aid Programs)

    In Hungary, anti-Jewish legal discrimination became increasingly severe during the late 1930s and early 1940s. The Jewish community responded to the hardship its members experienced by organizing aid programs through various channels. The Jewish community of Pest was by far the largest and wealthiest of the Jewish communities of Hungary and, accordingly, it played a leading role in these initiatives. This collection contains, first of all, documents of the Országos Magyar Zsidó Segítő Akció (the National Hungarian Jewish Aid Action) from the years 1938 to 1945. They include essential docume...

  13. XIII. Documents of the Chevra Kadisha of the Pest Jewish Community

    The collection contains documents of the Chevra Kadisha of the Pest Jewish Community from the 1940s. Most importantly for the study of the history of the Holocaust in Hungary, there are various documents from the month of April 1944, i.e. from the time after the German entry and the beginnings of the activities of the collaborationist government but before the mass deportations from the countryside. These documents include the datasheet regarding the financial situation and the assets of the Pest Chevra Kadisa compiled as stipulated by Prime Minister’s Decree 1600/1944, documents on the imp...

  14. Az Országos Rabbiképző Intézet iratai

    • Documents of the Rabbinical Seminary of Budapest

    The collection includes miscellaneous documents of the Rabbinical Seminary from the years 1942 to 1945. There is the documentation of the Directing Committee of the Rabbinical Seminary from 1942-1943 that includes materials discussing the consequences of anti-Jewish legislation, especially the anti-Semitic Act VIII of 1942, which ended the official, state-endorsed status of the Rabbinical Seminary, documents concerning questions and cases of exemption from Hungarian anti-Semitic legislation and the peculiarly Hungarian institution of labor service. There are also miscellaneous documents of ...

  15. Pesti Izraelita Hitközség iratai

    • Documents of the Pest Israelite Congregation

    The fond contains the records of the Pest Israelite Congregation. Its elements with relevance to the history of antisemitism and the Holocaust range from 1919 to 1945 and include: records of the Legal Aid Office documenting antisemitic atrocities in 1919-1921; personal papers of President of the Jewish Council Samu Stern; records of aid organizations and campaigns, such as the Welfare Bureau of Hungarian Israelites, the Welfare Bureau of Pest Israelites, the Veteran Committee of the National Israelite Offices and the National Hungarian Jewish Aid Action regarding the aid and relief of Jews ...

  16. Budapesti Népbíróság iratai. Büntetőperes iratok

    • People’s Court of Budapest. Criminal Trial Records. 1945-1949

    Documents of the Budapest People’s Court are one of the key sources pertaining to the interwar and wartime history of Hungary as well as the Holocaust. The materials include trials against former prime ministers Béla Imrédy, László Bárdossy, Döme Sztójay and Ferenc Szálasi, several ministers, undersecretaties of state and other protagonists of the anti-Jewish policies as well as the direct perpetrators of murders and other atrocities against labor servicemen and Jewish civilians, trials against members of the Arrow Cross, the Volksbund, gendarmerie and various other pro-Nazi organizations a...

  17. Budapesti Nemzeti Bizottság iratai. A náci és nyilas rémtettek kivizsgálására alakult bizottság iratai

    • Budapest National Committee. The Committee for the Investigation of Nazi and Arrow Cross Atrocities

    The Records of the Committee for the Investigation of Nazi and Arrow Cross Atrocities are incorporated into the Records of the Budapest National Committee. The survived records include the documents related to the establishment of the Committee (fasc.9.), further documents related to the activities of the Committee including its correspondence with the Hungarian institutions of justice and investigation, photographs, documents on the burial of dead bodies that were lying in the territory of the ghetto, the protocols the Committee recorded or received in its official capacity, police protoco...

  18. Budapest Székesfőváros Statisztikai Hivatalának iratai, 1870-1952

    • Records of the Bureau of Statistics of the Capital City of Budapest, 1870-1952

    The capital city of Budapest has played a major role in the life of Hungarian Jewry in modern times. By the 1930s and 1940s, the Jews of Budapest constituted by far the largest community in the country and second largest urban Jewish community on the continent (right behind Warsaw). After the Trianon Treaty of 1920 but before the rounds of border revisions between 1938 and 1941, around half of the Jews of Hungary belonged to this community. This meant that Jewish Hungarians amounted to nearly one-quarter of the population of Budapest at the beginning of the 20th century though, due at first...

  19. Budapest Székesfőváros Árvaszékének iratai

    • Records of the Orphans' Court of Budapest

    The Holocaust was not only the largest genocidal operation in 20th century Hungarian history, but also a gigantic campaign to systematically rob the wealth of Hungarian Jewry. In Hungary, the Europe-wide campaign of robbery usually referred to by the name of Aryanization had various initiators and a large segment of benefactors in society while it was also planned as a state-directed and -controlled process. When the secret decree of April 7, 1944 was accepted concerning the so called de-Judaization of Hungary, it was also decided that Jews could bring 50 kgs of their belongings to the ghet...

  20. Budapest Székesfőváros Főpolgármesterének iratai

    • Records of the Mayor of Budapest

    Unified Budapest was created in the early 1870s and the city would soon emerge as a modern metropolis that in many ways acquired a dominant role in Hungarian affairs. The Mayor of Budapest was therefore a highly significant function. Since Budapest also had the second largest Jewish community on the continent with over 200 000 members and Jews played particularly prominent roles in the life of the city, the Records of the Mayor of Budapest are also of special interest to the study of how the country’s anti-Semitic radicalization was negotiated in the capital city. The story of Budapest and ...