Records of the Subprefect of Sopron County
- Sopron vármegye alispánjának iratai
170,75 linear metres, paper
Subprefect (alispán) was the chief of the administration of Hungarian counties between 1870 and 1950. Elected by the municipal committees for a term of 6 years, subprefects were granted independent general administrative rights by Act 42 of 1870. The administrative power and authority of subprefects were modified by Act 21 of 1886, Act 30 of 1929, and Act 22 of 1942. The term of subprefects was extended to ten years in 1929 and they were appointed by the Minister of the Interior from 1942. The main task of the subprefect was the implementation of the decisions of the Municipal Committee and the Small Assembly (kisgyűlés), as well as of governmental decrees. He was the superior of all offices and administrative bodies in the county, except special offices appointed directly by ministries. The administrative scope of authority of first instance of the subprefect included the matters of social associations, regulating the press, and the office issuing passports. Besides, the subprefect was entitled to overrule the decisions of the chief constables (administrative heads of county districts) and the village clerks.
The collection was taken to the Sopron State Archives in 1950.
The fond of the records of the Subprefect is one of the key collections pertaining to the history of the Jewish communities and the Holocaust in Sopron County. The material from the years 1938-1944 (boxes 565-711), include records concerning the implementation of the anti-Jewish laws and instances of bureaucratic and illegal antisemitic measures, including the withdrawal of trade licences and permits, quitting rental agreements of Jews, exclusion of Jews from the municipal committees and social organizations, registration and expropriation of Jewish landholdings; administrative procedures against Jewish communities; Jewish responses, including requests for exemption from anti-Jewish laws, cases of magyarization of names, citizenship and naturalization cases, petitions for birth certificates and other family documents, request for passports, activities of Zionist organizations; activities of the national socialists and other extreme right-wing movements, hate speech and propaganda, military labour service; atrocities and looting committed by German troops in March 1944, the implementation of anti-Jewish decrees, expropriation of Jewish assets, as well as social aid and restitution cases of returning survivors.
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The records of the Subprefect’s Office of Sopron County are arranged into 8 provenance subgroups (állag) by departments or special functions, numbered from 404. a. to 404. h., out of which the most relevant are the following subgroups: b (administrative records), c (records of petty offences), d (passport records), e (registries)
Letter of support from an academic institution is required Hungarian data protection laws apply
Letter of support from an academic institution is required Hungarian data protection laws and reproduction fees apply
Originals are stored in the main building of the National Archives of Hungary, Győr-Moson-Sopron County Archives, Sopron Archives
A broad selection of the Holocaust-related records from 1944 is available at the Hungarian National Archives in the special collection prepared on behalf of the National Office of Hungarian Israelites (MIOI) in the 1960s, known as ‘Series I’. Series I is held by the Óbuda section of the National Archives of Hungary. Copies are available in the YVA and the USHMMA.
The collection was described by László Csősz and Gábor Kádár
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