Министерство государственной безопасности

  • The Ministry of State Security
  • Ministerstvo Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti
  • МГБ
  • MGB
Type of Entity
Corporate Body

Dates of Existence



The Ministry of State Security was the name of an intelligence agency from 1946 to 1953. The MGB essentially inherited the “secret police” function of the old NKVD, conducting espionage and counterespionage, as well as enacting a policy of supervision and surveillance to keep control and to prevent disloyalty. After the war, the MGB was used to bring the newly acquired Eastern Bloc under Soviet control. It enforced rigid conformity in the satellite states of Eastern Europe and infiltrated and destroyed anticommunist, anti-Soviet, or independent groups.

Internal Structure

Комитет государственной безопасности / hierarchical controlled / a branch of Министерство государственной безопасности / 1954/1990