Language of Description: English
Language of Description: Multiple
  1. Memoir collection.

    The Memoir collection of the Leo Baeck Institute holds thousands of mostly unpublished autobiographical accounts and memoirs. Around a quarter of them were written by women. Searching the Center for Jewish History database, we find that the descriptions of a few dozens of memoirs contain the words such as “Belgium”, “Brussels”, “Antwerp” etc. The memoirs relevant for this guide contain descriptions of, for example, life in Belgium (mostly in the interwar period), emigration to and temporary residence in Belgium after 1933, the situation of the German-Jewish refugees in Belgium, experiences ...

  2. Records of the Union of Sephardic Congregations.

    Box 3 contains a file entitled “Belgium, 1945”. It contains correspondence (1946), i.a. with Jacques Abolafia, concerning requests for aid to the Sephardic community of Antwerp. The folder also contains a picture of the severely damaged Sephardic synagogue in Antwerp.

  3. Saly Mayer Archives.

    This fonds contains archival material produced by Saly Mayer, who was the principal liaison between the JDC and the Jewish communities in Nazi-occupied Europe – including Belgium. Nr. 29 contains a file titled “Belgium, 1943-1945”, in which we find correspondence and reports on the activities of the Comité National de Défense des Juifs en Belgique, financed by Saly Mayer and the JDC.

  4. Photo Collection.

    The Photo Collection of the JDC contains a couple of hundred of images relevant to the history of the Jewish communities of Belgium. Searching the Photographs database on keywords such as ‘Belgium’, ‘Brussels’ and ‘Antwerp’ nets over 370 results at the time of writing. These images especially depict scenes in the children’s homes, supported by the JDC, including many portraits of children and home personnel, children’s activities, etc. Apart from daily life in the homes (at the end of the 1940s), we also note some photos of refugees, of the MS St. Louis, of the refugee camp in Merksplas, …

  5. American Jewish Committee Records.

    In “Section II Subject Files 1937-1958”, we note a file on Belgium (1945). See box B8, folder nr. 17.

  6. World Union for Progressive Judaism Records.

    This fonds contains several files on Belgium, located in the various Series in the section “Geographic files”. See the files entitled “Belgium” in box D1, folder nr. 11 (years 1928-1932, 1944, 1957-1979, 1981); box F1, nr. 4 (“Brussels, Belgium”; 1966-1967); box G1, nr. 5 (1980-1981); box I1, nr. 22 (1988-1989); box I4, nr. 19 (idem); box I6, nr. 9 (idem) and box I8, nr. 10 (1994).

  7. Nuremberg War Crimes Trial: Documents.

    In this fonds we mostly find wartime documents regarding the planning and execution of the persecution of the Jews in Belgium. We firstly several files containing letters (and other documents) between German institutions on the subject of anti-Jewish legislation in Belgium, the deportations of Jews from Belgium, practical questions concerning the application of anti-Jewish legislation, … See files nr. 1655/501, 1655/716, 1655/1671, 1655/2096, 1655/2121, 1655/2211, 1655/2270 and 1655/2065. These files cover the years 1940-1944. Similar letters and telegrams between German administrations con...

  8. Document collection – Varia.

    For the sake of completeness, this description contains information on the various personal papers, separate archival documents and other material from the “Document collection” of the Wiener Library, too limited in extent to describe separately. The collection constitutes the largest archive of personal papers relative to Jewish refugees from occupied Europe. By searching the database on keywords such as “Belgium”, “Brussels”, “Antwerp” etc. we find a number ‘collections’ related to the Jewish population in Belgium. We firstly note archival material donated by a couple of individuals and/o...

  9. Records of the New York office of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1945-1954.

    This fonds is of crucial importance for the history of the reconstruction of the Jewish community in Belgium after the Second World War. In Subcollection Countries & Regions, Record Group: Belgium we firstly note the files (containing correspondence, memos, reports etc.) on the financial administration of JDC aid, fundraising and the transfer of funds to Belgium; see the files nrs. 152, 153, 154, 155 and 160 for the period 1945-1954. Nr. 149 (years 1944-1954) contains general correspondence and reports on JDC aid to Belgium, the treatment and legal status of Jewish refugees in Belgium, ...

  10. Records of the New York office of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1933-1944.

    Files nr. 117 and 118 (ca. 1944-1947) contain minutes of the meetings of the Executive Committee of the JDC Advisory and Consultative Group and minutes of its Sub-committee on Reconstruction. This organ was established in early 1944, to deal with the needs of the devastated Jewish communities of Europe. Jewish leaders from twelve nations – including Belgium – were asked to organise national groups; collectively they formed the JDC group. The file “Belgium: Administration, General 1933-1940” (nr. 450) contains correspondence and various reports on the assistance to and status of Jewish refug...

  11. Henri Mandel Papers.

    In this fonds we note personal correspondence (1943-1952) of Henri Mandel, as well as documents of a private nature. The fonds also contains files and assorted documents on the resistance activities of Mandel in the Onafhankelijke Patriottische Groep / Groupe Patriotique Indépendant ‘Vrank en Vrij’ such as attestations of ex-members, lists of members, official documents, notes on the history of the group and its clandestine press, correspondence (1945-1949) concerning this group, … Lastly we note the archival material on the Nationale Unie van de Sluikpers / Union Nationale de la Presse Cla...

  12. World Jewish Congress Records.

    This fonds is incredibly rich in information regarding the relation of the WJC with Belgium and the Belgian Jewish community, the refugee question before the war, the Shoah in Belgium, the immediate postwar reconstruction and relief effort, the restitution issue, Jews in the former Belgian Congo, … The files in “Series A. Central Files” (1919-1976) contain correspondence, minutes, records of conferences, and miscellaneous other materials. In its “Subseries 2. Executive Files” – holding files of several WJC leaders – we note the files “Belgium, Kubowitzki, Aryeh L.” (box A9, folder nr. 17; y...

  13. Fela and Chaïm Perelman collection.

    This collection contains archival material produced by both Fela and Chaïm Perelman. We firstly note series of personal documents such as identity cards, diploma’s, various certificates, calling cards, passports, day planners, documents concerning post-war honors and decorations, obituaries, … Furthermore, we find fairly large series of correspondence – with a range of family members, individuals and organisations (such as the École Ganenou, Conseil des Associations juives de Bruxelles, Ofipresse, Comité d’Action pour Israël, Jewish Agency Assembly, Keren Hayesod, Council of Jewish Federati...

  14. Righteous Among the Nations Collection.

    The files concern rescuers recognized as Righteous Among the Nations and honoured by Yad Vashem. It is only an indication of the actual number of rescuers, since it is based on the cases brought to the attention of Yad Vashem. Most Righteous were recognised thanks to the requests made by rescued Jews. By January 1st 2014, there were 1665 files of Belgian rescuers. There is a file for every rescue case, containing the documents gathered through the process of recognition. One will find correspondence, notes, sometimes photographs, and material related to the recognition ceremonies.

  15. Dr. Arieh L. Kubovy Collection.

    This fonds firstly contains several files with correspondence concerning i.a. economic relations between Israel and Czechoslovakia, immigration from Poland, the Israeli embassies in Warsaw and Prague, the International Genocide convention, the trials of Mordechai Oren and Simon Orenstein, the indemnisation of Czechoslovakian Jews who immigrated to Israel, … and roughly covering the years 1949-1952. We also find correspondence of Kubowitzki with family and friends, and correspondence and notes mostly dating back to the war years (1941-1947). The fonds also contain notes on post-war Polish Je...

  16. A. Werber Collection (Poale Zion Left Party in Belgium).

    In this fonds we find the following material: documents related to Linke Poale Zion in Belgium and Jewish associations during the war [JM/1038]; the newspaper Unzer Vort (1941-1944) and other newspapers published during the war [JM/1039]; personal documents, biographies and photographs of members of Linke Poale Zion [JM/1040]; documents on the situation of Jews in Belgium during the war, lists of communists and members of Poale Zion, documents on the resistance in Belgium, correspondence on the relations between Christians and Jews [JM/1041]; documents concerning Jewish life in Belgium afte...

  17. Maxime Steinberg Collection.

    This collection contains photocopies of original archival documents collected by Maxime Steinberg and used to write his magnum opus L’étoile et le fusil. The documents concern topics such as Jewish resistance, rescue of Jews etc. during the German occupation.

  18. Archives in Belgium.

    For the sake of completeness we mention this collection, which consists of copies of archival material from various official and institutional archives in Belgium (such as state, provincial or city archives). At the time of writing it mostly contains material from the city archives and provincial archives of Antwerp.

  19. Collection of Historical Photographs.

    This is the largest collection in the world of historical photographs related to the Holocaust. It documents Jewish life before and during the Holocaust, the life of survivors in the post-war period, but also various activities and ceremonies commemorating the Holocaust all over the world. Searching for keywords such as ‘Belgium’, ‘Brussels’, ‘Antwerp’ etc. yields a result of over 1000 relevant images, from various collections. We find portraits and group photos (scenes of everyday life, Shoah victims, resistance members, partisans, rescuers); pictures of youth movements (i.a. Bar Kochba, H...

  20. Religion (facilities, synagogues, various religious organisations).

    File 5 titled “Belgium” contains documents concerning events organised by the Jewish communities in Brussels (in 1946).