Організація Українських Націоналістів
- Orhanizatsiya Ukrayins'kykh Natsionalistiv
- Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN)
The Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN)was a Ukrainian political organization created in 1929 in Western Ukraine (at the time interwar Poland). The OUN emerged as a union between the Ukrainian Military Organization, smaller radical right-wing groups, and right-wing Ukrainian nationalists and intellectuals.
In 1940, the OUN split into two parts. The older, more moderate members, supported Andriy Melnyk (OUN-M) while the younger and more radical members supported Stepan Bandera (OUN-B). The OUN-B declared an independent Ukrainian state in June 1941, while the region was under the control of Nazi Germany. In response, the OUN leadership was suppressed by Nazi authorities. In October of 1942 OUN-B established the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA).
In 1943 UPA military units carried out large-scale ethnic cleansing against Polish and Jewish populations
EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0
Shekhovtsov, Anton (March 2011). "The Creeping Resurgence of the Ukrainian Radical Right? The Case of the Freedom Party". Europe-Asia Studies 63 (2): 207–210.