Language of Description: English
Held By: Magyar Zsidó Levéltár
  1. Magyar Zsidók Központi Tanácsának iratai

    • Documents of the Central Council of Hungarian Jews

    This group of documents contains the records of the Central Council of Hungarian Jews (as of April 22, 1944: Interim Executive Board of the Association of Jews in Hungary). The bulk of the material consists of the administrative materials (notes, reports, memoranda, correspondence, financial papers, registry books) of various departments, organizations and agencies of the Jewish Council, especially the Social Department, the Housing Office and the Ghetto Police. The documents also include various name lists, such as lists of able bodied men, ghetto police staff, internment camp prisoners, p...

  2. Pesti Izraelita Hitközség iratai

    • Documents of the Pest Israelite Congregation

    The fond contains the records of the Pest Israelite Congregation. Its elements with relevance to the history of antisemitism and the Holocaust range from 1919 to 1945 and include: records of the Legal Aid Office documenting antisemitic atrocities in 1919-1921; personal papers of President of the Jewish Council Samu Stern; records of aid organizations and campaigns, such as the Welfare Bureau of Hungarian Israelites, the Welfare Bureau of Pest Israelites, the Veteran Committee of the National Israelite Offices and the National Hungarian Jewish Aid Action regarding the aid and relief of Jews ...

  3. A Magyar Izraeliták Országos Irodájának iratai

    • Documents of the National Office of Hungarian Israelites

    This body of documents holds the records of the National Office of Hungarian Israelites. Its elements with relevance to the history of antisemitism and the Holocaust range from 1939 to 1945 and include: documents regarding the organization’s responses to the anti-Jewish legislation, such as appeals and petitions written to the Hungarian governmental and legislative authorities; correspondence with Jewish individuals, communities and Hungarian and foreign authorities regarding the individual cases of persecuted Hungarian Jews in the country and abroad; documents regarding the aid and relief ...

  4. Deportáltakat Gondozó Országos Bizottság (interjúprojekt)

    • National Relief Committee for Deportees (interview project)

    The three main tasks of the Deportáltakat Gondozó Országos Bizottság (the National Relief Committee for Deportees or DEGOB) were to help the repatriation of survivors to Hungary, provide them with social aid, and pursue projects of documentation. As part of the project of documentation, around five thousand survivors articulated their experiences in the offices of the National Relief Committee for Deportees as early as 1945-46 whereby the largest collections of early witness accounts was created. To facilitate the task of the interviewers and standardize the contents, DEGOB gradually develo...

  5. A Zsidó Világkongresszus Magyarországi Képviselete iratai

    • Documents of the Hungarian Representation of the World Jewish Congress

    The collection includes miscellaneous materials of the Hungarian Representation of the World Jewish Congress. It contains activity and financial reports for the years 1946 to 1949, materials from the Statistical Department as well as the correspondence of the Hungarian Representation of the World Jewish Congress. The materials of the Statistical Department provide data on the demographic situation, family status, educational structure, mother tongue, generational structure and institutional network of Hungarian Jewish survivors alongside information on the aid provided to them. It also incl...

  6. Veszteségkartonok

    • Cards on Losses

    A key ambition that emerged right after the Holocaust in Hungary was to collect the names of the hundreds of thousands of victims, most of whose exact fates still needed to be clarified. Compiling name lists of victims who in most cases had no graves was understood as an essentially important task but also proved a difficult and prolonged process that has lasted until today. Next to the Országos Zsidó Segítő Bizottság (the National Jewish Aid Organization) and the Deportáltakat Gondozó Országos Bizottság (National Relief Committee for Deportees), the Zsidó Világkongresszus Magyarországi Kép...

  7. Zsidóellenes, antiszemita kiadványok

    • Anti-Semitic Publications

    There is a significant collection of Hungarian-language anti-Semitic publications at the Hungarian Jewish Archives that were collected at the time of the worsening anti-Semitism of the inter-war period and the years of the Second World War. Hungary took an anti-Semitic turn shortly after the end of the First World War and adopted the anti-Jewish numerus clausus law concerning its system of higher education as early as 1920. This collection mostly contains leaflets of the Ébredő Magyarok Egyesülete (the Association of Awakening Hungarians), an extreme rightist organization that was a crucial...

  8. Vidéki gettóiratok

    • Documents of the Countryside Ghettos

    In the spring and early summer of 1944, the Jews of the Hungarian countryside (vidék, i.e. all those in Hungary outside the capital city of Budapest) were ghettoized and deported at a breakneck speed. All preparations were conducted in a mere fifty-six days and another fifty-six days proved sufficient for the deportation of approximately 437 000 Jewish individuals from Hungary, the very large majority of whom were sent directly to Auschwitz-Birkenau. This means that the ghettos of Hungary existed for a very short time that can be counted in days and weeks rather than months and years. They ...

  9. Visszaemlékezések és naplók

    • Recollections and Diaries

    The Hungarian Jewish Archive offers an important selection of sources documenting the reactions and testimonies of Hungarian Jewish victims. These sources are in various genres and from different times (i.e. there are both contemporaneous and postwar materials among them). Among the contemporaneous sources, there are several diaries that were kept in the first half of the 1940s. The collection also contains a wide selection of partly published but mostly unpublished later recollections by Jewish survivors of the Holocaust era. These recollections were penned during the communist period and ...

  10. Túlélőlisták

    • List of Survivors

    Besides compiling lists of the victims of the Holocaust in Hungary, creating lists of survivors constituted a similarly important and closely related task. First of all, this collection includes lists of liberated Hungarian Jews who had arrived to Budapest. These lists were compiled between July 1945 and January 1946 and their largest segment concerns the month of October 1945. There are also lists of Hungarian Jews who still resided in cities of Germany such as Hannover, Landsberg, Feldafing, Munich shortly after their liberation and the end of the war. Moreover, the collection includes a ...

  11. Személyes és családi irathagyatékok

    • Personal and Family Bequests

    The Hungarian Jewish Archives contains the personal documentary bequest of dozens of important individuals and families in part or as a whole. The individuals in question include Ilona Benoschofsky, Fülöp Grünvald, Imre Kertész, Jenő Lévai, Samu Szemere, Jenő Zsoldos, among others. One of the most significant historical sources among them is the documentary bequest of József Pásztor. This large bequest contains valuable information on the activities of the National Jewish Aid Organization and the Office for Support of Hungarian Israelites during the war years such as its activity and financ...

  12. Sajtógyűjtemény

    • Press Clipping Collection

    The Hungarian Jewish Archives holds an extensive collection of press clippings. This collection consists of tens of thousands articles, reports, editorials, commentaries, interviews, essays, book reviews, poems. These items were originally published in over one hundred Hungarian and some international newspapers and journals between 1909 and 1948. They cover topics such as Hungarian and international politics of the interwar-period, extreme-right wing movements and parties, the “Jewish question” and anti-Semitism, “race protectionism”, anti-Jewish atrocities and legislation, fascist Italy, ...

  13. Pesti Izraelita Hitközség Chevra Kadisájának iratai

    • Documents of the Chevra Kadisha of the Pest Jewish Community

    The collection contains documents of the Chevra Kadisha of the Pest Jewish Community from the 1940s. Most importantly for the study of the history of the Holocaust in Hungary, there are various documents from the month of April 1944, i.e. from the time after the German entry and the beginnings of the activities of the collaborationist government but before the mass deportations from the countryside. These documents include the datasheet regarding the financial situation and the assets of the Pest Chevra Kadisa compiled as stipulated by Prime Minister’s Decree 1600/1944, documents on the imp...

  14. Pesti Izraelita Hitközség iratai (Segélyprogramok)

    • Documents of the Pest Jewish Community (Aid Programs)

    In Hungary, anti-Jewish legal discrimination became increasingly severe during the late 1930s and early 1940s. The Jewish community responded to the hardship its members experienced by organizing aid programs through various channels. The Jewish community of Pest was by far the largest and wealthiest of the Jewish communities of Hungary and, accordingly, it played a leading role in these initiatives. This collection contains, first of all, documents of the Országos Magyar Zsidó Segítő Akció (the National Hungarian Jewish Aid Action) from the years 1938 to 1945. They include essential docume...

  15. Perek

    • Trials

    The collection on postwar Holocaust-related trials at the Hungarian Jewish Archive includes miscellaneous materials, containing indictments, pleas, legal opinions and verdicts. There are excerpts from various testimonies regarding the activity of Adolf Eichmann in Hungary in 1944. Moreover, the collection contains the testimonies of some of the chief Hungarian perpatrators of the Holocaust. Moreover, there are summaries of several major trials in various international languages such as those of László Endre, László Baky, Andor Jaross, Béla Imrédy, Ferenc Rajniss and László Budinszky. The co...

  16. Munkaszolgálattal kapcsolatos iratok. Munkaszolgálatot igazoló iratok

    • Documents Related to Labor Service. Documents on the Conditions of Labor Service

    Labor service was a special Hungarian institution created in 1939 that targetted primarily Jews but also politically suspicuous elements, national minorities and religious groups during the years of the Second World War. The institution of labor service implied labor duties at military units without military equipment. It was gradually extended and became increasingly brutal and deadly. This collection contains a wide array of documents concerning its history such as photographs, birth certificates, graduation certificates and diplomas, military papers (such as service certificates, letters...

  17. Magyar Izraeliták Országos Képviselete iratai. Jogügyi Osztály

    • Documents of the National Representation of Hungarian Israelites. Legal Department

    The largest part of this vast collection was created in the years 1959 to 1963 and contains ample information on what happened to individuals and families during the Holocaust in Hungary. The documents were collected by the Magyar Izraeliták Országos Képviselete Jogügyi Osztálya (the Legal Department of the National Representation of Hungarian Israelites). They were employed as evidence in Holocaust-related legal cases such as compensation cases and cases to determinate pensions. Next to personal recollections, the collection includes testimonies taken by notaries and certificates issued by...

  18. Magyar Zsidók Központi Tanácsa iratai. Hitközségi összeírás

    • Documents of the Central Council of the Hungarian Jews. Registration of the Jewish Communities

    In April 1944, after the entry of Nazi Germany into Hungary and right before the beginnings of the deportation of Hungarian Jews, a large-scale survey project was pursued that provides an unusually, even uniquely rich documentation of Hungarian Jewish communities just before their annihilation. This large body of detailed documents contain the surveys returned by the Hungarian Jewish Communities from across the country. They provide information on the number of their members, institutions, property, financial resources, etc. These materials were published in 1994 under the title Géza Komoró...

  19. Landeszman-gyűjtemény

    • Documents collected by former Director of the Jewish Archives of Hungary György Landeszman

    The Landeszman collection includes miscellaneous Holocaust-related documents from 1944-45 and the postwar period, such as documents of individual labor servicemen, letters and requests of the Central Jewish Council from the year 1944, daily demands various Hungarian and German authorities sent to the Central Jewish Council, requesting the delivery of various objects or the provision of various services, notes on the organization of ghetto life, documents regarding the ghettoization and deportation of Jews of Kiskunhalas and Sopron, reports from countryside ghettos from May 1944, list of pro...

  20. Lágerkeresztmetszetek

    • Camp Profiles

    The collection contains descriptions, including their hand-written originals, of a host of Nazi contentration camps. These descriptions are based on the very large pool of survivor testimonies recorded by the Deportáltakat Gondozó Országos Bizottság (DEGOB) and aim to describe the main characteristics of Nazi camps. The camps described include major ones such as Bergen-Belsen, Mauthausen, Oranienburg, Sachsenhausen and Theresienstadt. In certain cases the descriptions are supplemented by hand-drawn maps of the camps as well as maps of routes of deportation. The collection also contains a li...