Union of Polish Patriots in the USSR Związek Patriotów Polskich w ZSRR (Sygn.130)

Language of Description
Alt. Identifiers
  • 2015.4
  • RG-15.341
1 Jan 1942 - 31 Dec 1947
Level of Description
  • Polish
  • Russian
  • Yiddish
  • English
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

245,706 digital images, PDF


Biographical History

Związek Patriotów Polskich w ZSRR (Union of Polish Patriots in USRR, ZPP) was established in USSR at the end of 1942 and was active until Aug. 1946. ZPP was supervised by the Main Board and presided by the secretary general. The president of the Main Board was Wanda Wasilewska, the members were: Stanisław Skrzeszewski, Stefan Jędrychowski, Włodzimierz Sokorski and Zygmunt Berling. The vast number of Polish Jews (at least 230,000) survived the period of WW II in the USSR, and as Polish citizens they belonged to ZPP. In July 1944, Polish Jews at ZPP in the USSR established Komitet Organizacyjny Żydów Polskich (Organizing Committee of Polish Jews, ZPP-KOZP). It was presided by dr. Emil Sommerstein, the members were: Jakub Berman, Leo Finkielsztein, Szymon Zachariasz, Ida Kamińska, Bernard (Ber) Mark, Rabbi Sztejnberg, Mojżesz Broderson, Marian (Meir) Melman, Efraim Kaganowski, Józef Rubinsztein, Lejb Olicki, Rachela Korn and, Abram Zak. The objective of KOZP was to collect the records of Polish Jews in the USSR, sharing information, rendering relief of all kind (financial or non-financial) necessary to organize repatriation to Poland. KOZP activists continued their work after coming back to Poland at the Central Committee of Jews in Poland (CKŻP).

Archival History

Archiwum Akt Nowych


Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.

Source of acquisition is the Archiwum Akt Nowych, Poland. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the digitized collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in Feb. 2015.

Scope and Content

Selected records of the Union of Polish Patriots in the USSR (ZPP) and the Organizing Committee of Polish Jews in the Soviet Union Included are minutes, correspondence, personal files of organization activists and members, various name lists, newsletters related to the repatriation of the Polish population, statistical data on field work, regional and local units of the Union of Polish Patriots, memories, albums and photographs of Polish emigrants in USSR.

System of Arrangement

The system of arrangement of the source repository has been preserved on the microfilm reels. Selected records are arranged in 20 series: 1. Organizational matters of the Union of Polish Patriots (ZPP); 2. Meetings, minutes and regulations; 3. Repatriation of the Polish population of the USSR (name lists, and regional statistics); 4. Activities of the ZPP in various regions, 1944-1946. 5. Situation of the Polish population and activity of ZPP in various regions (Correspondence, minutes, certificates, reports), 1943-1946; 6. Registers of the personnel of the main board and local boards of the ZPP (alphabetical order). Resumes, questionnaires, certificates, opinions; 7. ZPP activists in various regions (Resumes, questionnaires, certificates, opinions), 1944-1946; 8. Polish partisans. Personal matters, 1944-1945; 10. Book of incoming letters-requests for admission to the Army: Alphabetical Index of names of authors of letters, 1944. 11. Applications for admission to the Army. Correspondence, 1943-1945; 12. Search of Polish Army soldiers and their families in the USSR. Help for soldiers and their families; 13. Educational institutions for Polish children and teachers and educators (Reports); 14. Newsletters of various regions, 1945-1946; 15. Competition "Memories of Polish Emigrants in the USSR": Memories and plays, 1945; 16. Local organizations of ZPP, 1945; 17. Albums and photographs of the National Board of ZPP and Polish community centers, 1939-1946; 18. Weekly "Wolna Polska" (Free Poland), 1945; 19. Main Board of ZPP: Organizational Department, Human Resources; National Department, and Publication Department: Resumes and characteristics of the field officers of the ZPP, correspondence, statistics, reports, 1944; 20. Union of Polish Patriots in Palestine. Reports, correspondence, telegrams, 1944-1946.

Conditions Governing Reproduction

Copyright Holder: Naczelna Dyrekcja Archiwów Państwowych


Corporate Bodies



This description is derived directly from structured data provided to EHRI by a partner institution. This collection holding institution considers this description as an accurate reflection of the archival holdings to which it refers at the moment of data transfer.