The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Cyprus Operation, 1945-1949

Language of Description
Alt. Identifiers
  • 2016.145.1
  • RG-68.190M
1 Jan 1945 - 31 Dec 1949
Level of Description
  • English
  • Hebrew
  • German
  • Yiddish
  • French
  • Hungarian
  • Greek
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

16,664 digital images, JPEG

19 microfilm reels (digitized), 35 mm


Biographical History

The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) is the world’s leading Jewish humanitarian assistance organization. The JDC was founded in 1914 to assist Jewish persons in Palestine during World War I. The Holocaust and World War II caused the JDC to ramp up its relief efforts. With the end of the war in 1945, Jewish survivors were placed into hastily created displaced persons camps throughout Europe. Along with the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), the JDC helped administer these camps and provide supplies. The JDC has aided millions of Jews in more than 85 countries.

Archival History

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee


Source of acquisition is the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (Jerusalem, Israel). The collection was transferred to Israel after the Cyprus camps were closed and stored in Petach Tikva, and later, in the early 1980s, to Jerusalem. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received this collection via the United States Holocaust Museum International Archives Project in March 2016.

Scope and Content

Personal letters, petitions, and newspapers published by the deportees. Records contain accounts of the aid activities of the AJJDC in the British detainee camps, including correspondence with the British authorities, medical care, educational programs, welfare activity, immigration to Mandatory Palestine and Israel, and eyewitness accounts of conditions in the camps written by the AJJDC administration. It also consists of many documents related to activities of the British soldiers.

System of Arrangement

Arranged in three series: 1. Administration; 2. Organization; 3. Subject Matters. The records in this collection have been digitized and are searchable online through the textual collections portal of the AJJDC Archives database.

Conditions Governing Reproduction

Copyright Holder: American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee


Corporate Bodies



This description is derived directly from structured data provided to EHRI by a partner institution. This collection holding institution considers this description as an accurate reflection of the archival holdings to which it refers at the moment of data transfer.