Župné mesto Rožňava

  • Rozsnyó megyei város
  • Rožňava City with County rights
Language of Description
1938 - 1945
Level of Description
  • Hungarian
  • Latin

Extent and Medium

12,17 linear meters, 52 boxes, paper

Biographical History

According to the first Vienna Arbitration, the southern part of Slovakia, including Rožňava (in Hungarian Rozsnyó), was ceded to the Hungarian Kingdom in November 1938. After the border changes, the city was classified as a county town, officially from the 1st of January 1940. Rožňava in this period was inhabited by approximately 445 Jews who composed about 6-7% of the town population. The majority of them were murdered during the holocaust. The city was under Hungarian administration until January 1945.

Scope and Content

The collection holds the records of the Rožňava city administration between 1939 and 1944/45. It contains various files which document the anti-Jewish measures, the ghettoization and the deportation of Jews of Rožňava, as well as the Aryanization of their real estate property and their values. Researchers might find in the collection the personal files of Jewish inhabitants who applied for an exception or their applications for certificates of state affiliation, their requests for religious changes, as well as more documents concerning their trade permits. Most of these requests were rejected. Furthermore, several ministry reports have been preserved too: most of them provide information on the situation of the Jewish religious community, while other files concern the dissolution of Jewish associations and the exclusion of Jewish merchants from markets. Similarly, the list of Jewish tradesmen and the list of Jewish attorneys are preserved among the archival materials. Another relevant part of the collection concerns Jewish property in 1944. These are mainly petitions of non-Jewish residents who applied for „Jewish apartments“ or agricultural properties and animals that were owned by Jews until their deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau, while several files hold information about the appointed guardians for the houses of the deported Jewish population. As it was recorded in a file of the collection, one of these former Jewish real estates was used for a new post office. The boxes of the collection are arranged in chronological order. The boxes numbered 48, 49, 50, 51, and 52 contain important materials which are most related to the ghettoization of the Rožňava Jewry.

Conditions Governing Access


Conditions Governing Reproduction

It is possible to make copies in accordance with the research rules of the archive.

Finding Aids

  • The originally printed inventory made by Jozef Špilda (1963) was reinvetorized by Mária Tureková in 2022 and is available in an electronic form on the computer of the researcher's room of the archives.

Archivist Note

The fonds was described by Veronika Szeghy-Gayer. Description edited by Martin Posch.

Rules and Conventions

EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0