Okresný úrad v Prešove I.

  • District Office in Prešov I
Identifier
17967
Language of Description
English
Dates
1923 - 1945
Level of Description
Fonds
Languages
  • German
  • Slovak
Scripts
  • Latin
Source
EHRI

Extent and Medium

17,43 lm, paper

Creator(s)

Biographical History

The District Office in Prešov was a state administration body. It was established during the period of 1st Czechoslovak Republic (1918-1938) and it existed also during the period of the Slovak state/ Slovak Republic (1939-1945). The office was originally established under Law no. 126/1920 Coll., which entered into effect on 1 January 1923. The District Office in Prešov was subordinated to the County Office in Košice in the years 1923- 1928 and the Ministry of Interior. After the 1928 reform of state administration in Czechoslovakia resulted in the repeal of counties and County Offices, district offices in the Slovak territory were subordinated to the Country Office in Bratislava (Krajinský úrad v Bratislave). Soon after the creation of the Slovak state (March 14, 1939) its state administration was reorganized and the District Office in Prešov was subordinated to the Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic (pursuant to the Law No. 190/1939 effective from 1 January 1940). In matters falling within the competence of other ministries, regulations and instructions of these ministries were implemented. Since 1 January 1940, the Prešov district was also incorporated into the the newly established Šariš-Zemplín County (Šarišsko-zemplínska župa) and was subordinated to the County Office of the Šariš-Zemplín County (Župný úrad Šarišsko-zemplínskej župy) with the seat in Prešov too. The District Chief (Okresný náčelník) was the head of District Office in Prešov with the responsibility for the state administration in the district as well as the work of the District Office. From 1 January 1940 District Chief was subordinated to the respected County Office and the Ministry of Interior. District Offices were superior to the local notary offices and regional notary offices which were the lowest level bodies of the state administration in Slovakia 1938-1945. Due to the fact that in the period 1938-1945 the vaste majority of anti-Jewish measures in Slovakia were put to life by the state administration bodies archival documents of District Offices represent some of the most important sources for the research of Holocaust in Slovakia.

Archival History

No data on the archival history of the fonds available yet.

Acquisition

No data on archival acqusition available yet.

Scope and Content

Fonds contains various files pertaining the history and persecution of Jews at the territory of District Prešov in years 1938-1945. It contains reports on Maccabi in Prešov from 1938, documents pertaining the expulsion of Jews from the district in November of 1938, documents pertaining the prohibition of activity of Jewish Party etc. It also contains various documents pertaining the economic persecution of Jews at the territory of District Prešov during the period 1939-1941, such as lists of so called Temporary administrators of Jewish households, various regulations of concerning Jewish property and its confiscation, as well as multiple files on the liquidation of enterprise property of Jews. Fonds also contains documents pertaining the so called "Aryanization" of Jewish enterprises and its regulations as well as various lists of property owners etc. Several files are related to the dismissal of medical doctors and public employees from work as well as the topic of the forced labor of Jews and labor camps for Jews in Slovakia. There are also multiple applications for the so called "Presidential exemption" in the fonds and files pertaining apllicants. Fonds also contains several (monthly) Situation Reports of the District Chief in Prešov with the information on various anti-Jewish measures of the office (and the bodies subordinated to the office) as well as files pertaining the deportation of Jews from District Prešov in 1942. These include lists of Jews who were not deported. Various files pertain the employment of Jews or the application for the work permission.

Finding Aids

  • Printed finding aid at the Researcher´s room.

Existence and Location of Copies

  • United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Publication Note

Fonds was identified and described by Ján Hlavinka.

Archivist Note

Fonds identified and described by Ján Hlavinka.

Sources

  • EHRI

Rules and Conventions

EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0

Corporate Bodies

Places

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