Державний архів Закарпатської області
- State Archive of Transcarpathian Oblast
- Derzhavnyi arkhiv Zakarpatskoi oblasti
During 1919 - 1939 the Local Archives of Podkarpatska Rus have been working in various locations of Transcarpathia. On November, 6, 1945 the People's Council of Transcarpathian Ukraine adopted a resolution about formation of the Central State Historical Archives of Transcarpathian Ukraine and unification of the archives. It was created on the basis of former Committee Archives and documents, which were accumulated in various institutions of Transcarpathia. After the formation of Transcarpathian Oblast as the part of Ukraine in 1946, the archives got the name Oblast State Archives of Transcarpathia. From 1945 till 1954 the archive was located in Uzhhorod and in 1953 it was moved to the town of Berehovo, where the documents from the period from XIV century till 1945 are gathered. In 1989 it has got the name Transcarpathian Oblast State Archives. In 1991 the documents and premises of the Party archives of Transcarpathian Oblast Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine were given to the archives.
Geographical and Cultural Context
Archive holds documents from the Transcarpatian area from the end of XIV century until the present dates. Documents from the period before 1945 are located in the second branch of the archive, in Berehovo, documents from the post World War II period are located in Uzhhorod.
Mandates/Sources of Authority
Archive is operating on the basis of the Law of Ukrainian Republic "On National Archival Fond and Archival Instititions" from 1994, Nr. 15, p. 86; and ammendments from: 1996, N 3, p. 11; 1997, Nr 8., p. 62
As well as other goverenment and local laws and regulations. All of them are available online at:
Archive is divided into 6 departments, 4 in Uzhhorod and 2 in Berehovo:
- Formation of National Archival Fond and Archival acivities
- Securing, Preservation and Usage of the Documents
- Maintenance, Technology and Building Facilities
- Organization of work and control
- Safety of the documents, recording and reference system.
- Usage of the documents
Archive has two buildings, in two different towns. In Uzhhorod at vul. Mynais'ka 14a, and in Berehovo pl. Heroiv 4a.
Archival and Other Holdings
The documents till 1946, which are kept in the town of Berehovo, reflect the historical past of the region. The first original document is dated back to XIV century. Diplomas of European monarchs from the XV - XVI centuries have been preserved.
Among the collections from Hungarian and Austro-Hungarian period there are documentary collections of lords lieutenants and their deputies (nadzhupany and pidzhupany) of Bereg, Ugocsa and Ung counties, courts of counties and nobility courts. In the collections of lords lieutenants and their deputies following groups of documents are being kept: the king's deeds to the noblemen, originals and copies the records of sittings from National Assemblies in the town of Pozsony (now Bratislava) and in three counties, texts of laws, ratified by these assemblies, decisions of the King's council in disputable questions, accounts about the collection of taxes and tithes, documents about the uprising under the leadership of Imre Thokoly (1678-1688), agreements about the armistice with Austrian government (1679). A considerable amount of documents characterises the liberation war against Habsburgs under the leadership of Ferenc Rakoczi II (1703-1711). The documents of Urbarial Court's collection reflect the complex process of Urbarial reform in period of empress Maria Teresa (1740-1780) and liquidation of serfdom by the emperor Joseph II (1780-1790). In the collections of the Mukacheve Greek-Catholic eparchy (diocese) and Mukacheve Basilian monastery there is information about monastery's possessions, about presentation of villages to monastery, about activity of other monasteries, about opening the schools, instructions concerning limitation of usage of Slavonic language in church schools and business matters of diocese, an attempt to replace the Slavonic alphabet with Latin one, visitation of schools. Some documents have been preserved concerning the ecclesiastical union, the chasing and banning of orthodoxy, activity of Roman-Catholic, Protestant, Judaic confessions and some sectarian associations. In the above mentioned collections some documents concern the activity of outstanding writers of the 19th century: O. Dukhnovych, M. Luchkai, I. Silvai, A. Kralytsky, V. Dovhovych, S. Pavlovych, O. Mytrak. Data about the outstanding figures of Russia and Ukraine - natives of Transcarpathia: Yu. Venelin-Hutsu, A. Deshko, I. Zeikan and others are preserved. The most ancient documents of the collection "The archive of five crown towns" witness that cities and towns led a persistent struggle for preservation of their medieval rights. In the archive there are many documents that contain information about the events of the World War I, occupation of Transcarpthia by Russian Army etc. In the documents of the Land Goverment collection, agricultural and school inspectors, public prosecutor's offices, regional courts in Czechoslovak Republic (1919 -1939), the social-political, economical and cultural life in Transcarpathia has been elucidated. There are documents about the formation and activity of political parties, cultural associations and unions. A number of collections contain information about the ownership of lands and woods, lands reclamation. Projects, plans and estimates on the erection of electric power stations, bridges and roads, schools, state and cultural institutions, statistical data on schools, clubs, reading rooms, theatres, and organization of tourism and development of commerce have been preserved. In the documents from Carpathian Ukraine period (November 1938- March 1939) there is information about the first steps of government in organization of industrial and communication works, about the elections to the parliament (Soim) of Carpathian Ukraine, about the activity of president A. Voloshyn and others. The documents of the funds of Horthy Regime bodies (regent commissariat), district institutions, local committees, reveal policy of the Hungarian government in Transcarpathia in the years 1939 -1944, the persecution of inhabitants for political convictions, repressions, deporting the population to concentration camps of Germany and to labour camps of Hungary. Few documents elucidate the activity of partisan detachments under the command of O.Tkanko, I. Pryshchepa, D. Usta, V. Rusyn and others. The events of first post-war years have been registered in documents of the collections of Transcarpathian People's Council, its representatives, regional, local and village people's committees. Mandates and certificates to delegates of the I st Congress of People's Committees of Transcarpathian Ukraine that was held in Mukacheve on November, 26, 1944 and adopted the Manifesto about reunion of Transcarpathian Ukraine with Soviet Ukraine were preserved. Among the documents one can find those containing information about the activity of Czechoslovak administration in 1944 on the territory of region. The most considerable for their amount and important for their plot, collections of the Soviet and party institutions, organizations and enterprises for 1946 - 1991 are preserved in Uzhorod: the collections of Transcarpathian regional executive committee, its departments, Oblast Committee the Communist Party of Ukraine, local committees and district committees the CP of Ukraine, local executive committees, district executive committees, regional creative union, institutions of planning, statistics, professional unions, financial body, industrial enterprises, executive institutions of agriculture, collective and state farms, primary party organizations. The collections of personal origin concern noble family Prybek (1346 - 1900), barons Perenyi (1400-1944), counts Schonborn (1721-1944), noble family Ruzsak (1646-1848). Here you can also find the personal collections of recent times
Total Volume of Collections 5054 collections, 1370529 collection items (1391-2006) 1624 collection items of scientific and technical documentation (1948-1987) 1140 collection items of photo documents (1918-1998)
Finding Aids, Guides, and Publication
Перелік фондів Державного архіву Закарпатської області, Ужгород - Сату Маре, 2004 [List of fonds of the State Archive of the Transcarpatian Oblast, Uzhhorod-Satumare 2004]
This list of fonds is available also online:
Archive is opened Monday-Thursday between 9.00 am.– 6.00 pm., and on Friday 9.00 am. – 5.00 pm., with a lunch break between 1.00-2.00 pm.