Государственный архив Орловской области
- State Archive of Orel Oblast
- Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Orlovskoy oblasti
Archive was establishes in 1920 as the Oryol Gubernial Archive. In 1934, due to the administrative reogranization of the Soviet State Archive became local branch of the Kursk Oblast Archival Authority. In included pre-1917 documents from the Oryol Oblast as well as ones created in post-revolutionary period.
In 1937 due to the next administrative reorganization of the Soviet State, Oryol Oblast was created, and its archive was divided into two institutions: Oryol Oblast Historical Archive with documents from period before 1917 and Archive of October Revolution with the documents from 1917 and after. Both archives were reunited into the one State Archive in 1941.
In the same year, due to the German invasion most of the documents of the archive were evacuated to the town of Volsk in Saratov Oblast and town of Uralsk in Western Kazakhstan Oblast. 90% of the remaining documents were destroyed, some of the most valuable ones, were taken to Germany.
State Archive of the Oryol Oblast was reestablished in 1944. It was moved to the new building in 1964.
Geographical and Cultural Context
Archive holds documents from Oryol region from the period between 1614 to present.
Mandates/Sources of Authority
Archive is operating on the basis of following legals acts:
Federal Law "On Archiwal Work in the Russian Federation" № 125–ФЗ, from 27.10.2004,
Law of the Orlov Oblast № 585-ОЗ, from 09.03.2006 "On Archiwal work in Orlov Oblast"
Its statute "State Archive of the Orlov Oblast" (it is available online: http://www.gosarchiv-orel.ru/docs/ustav.pdf)
•"Laws of organization, preservation, acquisition, registration and usage of documents of the Russian Federation archival resurce in the state and municipial archives, libraries and branches of the Russian Academy of Science" from 19 of January 2007
Archive is divided into 6 departments:
Securing and preservation of the documents
Usage and publication of the documents
Department of scholar reference system
Administration and industrial archives
Implementation and operation of archive information technologies and restoration of documents
Archival and Other Holdings
Archive holds 6 824 Research Groups, encompassing 1 304 801 archival folders.
Two oldest collection of the archive are referring to the local administration, legal decisions adn feudal structure of Czarist Russia, from the years 1614-1752, and 1686-1896. Other documents from pre-revolutionary period are referring to the political, social, religious and cultural history of the province.
Documents from 1917 and post-revolutionary period refeer to the most important political and social processes taking place in the province, such as collectivization and industrialization.
Archive has a very big collection referring to the history of World War II and German occupation of the province (e.g. partisan groups, letters from the war front, newspapers, leaflets, german administration, war atrocities)
Finding Aids, Guides, and Publication
Two main published finding aids to the resources of the archive are:
Путеводитель «Государственный архив Орловской области». Орел, 1973 [Guide "State Archive of the Orel Oblast", Orel 1973]
Путеводитель «Государственный архив Орловской области». Орел, 1998 [Guide "State Archive of the Orel Oblast", Orel 1998]
Full information about all catalogues and scientific aparatus used in the archive can be found online, at:
Archive is opened from Monday to Thursday, between 9.30 a.m. and 5.30 p.m., with 1-2 p.m. lunch brake.
Conditions of Access
Access to the archival reading room is provided on the basis of the prior application of the potential guest. Academic researchers or other professionals are required to provide letters from their institutions stating subjects and objectives of their work in the archive.
Researcher may obtain 5 archival indexes and 10 archival folders at one time. They are given to him up to the 3 working days. Researcher must pay for a right to see each of the archival folders.
Archive is providing full reproduction service.
For the price list see: