Архив внешней политики Российской Федерации (АВП)
- Arkhiv vneshney politiki Rossiiskoy Federatsyi
- Archive of Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation
- AVP RF
Archive of Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation was established in the November 1917, as the Archive of the Peoples Committee of Foreign Affairs on the basis of liquited Archive of the Foreign Ministry of the Russian Empire.
In 1918 archive moved to Moscow with the transfer of the Soviet capital from Petersburg. From 1920 Archive was collecting all the documents produced by the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs (officialy: Peoples Committee of Foreign Affairs).
In 1941 Archive was holding more than 500.000 archival folders, around 1/10 of them being secret documents of the soviet foreign policy. In the same year, after the German invasion on the Soviet Union, betweem 18 and 28 of July most important documents of the archive were transported into the town of Meleks, in the Kuibishev Oblast. Later on Archive was moved to Kuibishev itself.
Archive did return to Moscow partially in 1943 and fully in 1944. In 1945 Archive received documents referring to the period 1720-1917 which were before in gesture of the NKWD- Soviet Internal Security Police as well as the Archival Collections captured by the Soviet troops in Germany and in other occupied countries.
In the year 1958 Archive was transfered into the building of the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs (created on the place of Peoples Committe of Foreign Affairs) at Smolenk Square. In 1977 is was moved to its current location, at Plotnikov st. 11.
Geographical and Cultural Context
Archive contains documents referrign to the foreign policy of Czarist, Soviet states and present Russian Federation. It contains also documents produced in the other European countries captured by the Soviet troops in the years 1944-1945.
Archive is located in the two buidlings. Its main location is building at Plotnikov 11. It has also a second location at Smolenskaya-Sennaya 32/34.
Archival and Other Holdings
Today Archive holds collection based on 1873 Research Groups.
The archive retains the records of the Ministry (pre-1946—People’s Commissariat) of Foreign Affairs from the period since 1917. A group of 30 fonds from the 1920’s and 1930’s comprise the records of the secretariats of successive Commissars and their deputies, including their official diplomatic correspondence with foreign countries. The archive stores the separate records of all Soviet embassies abroad. Special collections of records relate to various international conferences, including the peace conferences at Brest-Litovsk (1918) and Genoa (1922); conferences under the aegis of the League of Nations; Conferences of Tehran (1943), Yalta (1945), and Potsdam (1945); the founding conference of the UN in San Francisco (1945), and others. Other fonds include personal papers of Soviet diplomatic officials. There is a special collection of treaties, agreements, and other documents concluded with foreign countries, as well as a separate collection of photographs. Archive contains also documents captured by the Soviet troops in Germany and in other occupied
countries in the years 1944-1945.
Finding Aids, Guides, and Publication
Preliminary description of archival fonds stored in the archive can be found on the internet site of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs:
Reading Room of the Archive is opened:
Monday, Thursday- 10.30 am- 5.00 pm Tuesday, Wednesday- 10.00 am- 5.00 pm Friday- 10.00 am- 3 pm
Archive is closed to the public during the last working day of each month
Reading Room is closed from 15 of July until 15 of August.