Војни архив

  • Military Archive - The Republic of Serbia Ministry of Defense
  • Vojni arhiv
  • Историјско одељење Главног ђенералштаба Српске војске (Historical department of Serbian Military Headquarter, Istorijsko odeljenje Glavnog đeneralštaba Srpske vojske) 1876-1920
  • Историјско одељење Главног ђенералштаба Војске Kраљевине Срба, Хрвата и Словенаца (Historical department of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes Military Headquarter, Istorijsko odeljenje Glavnog đeneralštaba Vojske Kraljevine Srba, Hrbata i Slovenaca) 1920-1940
  • Војно историјски институт Југословенске војске (Military historical institute of Yugoslav Military, Vojno istorijski institut Jugoslovenske vojske) 1940-1941
  • Војноисторијски институт Југословенске народне армије (Military historical institute of Yugoslav people's army, Vojnoistorijski institut Jugoslovenske narodne armije) 1945/1949-1971
  • Архив Војноисторијског института (Archives of Military historical institute, Arhiv Vojnoistorijskog instituta) 1971-2006
  • Војни архив (Military archives, Vojni arhiv) 2006

History

The first regulation that established the military history research institution was the “General Staff Organization” from 1876. The third department of the General Staff was given the task of “collecting data about the history of war, writing them up, arranging them and preserving them”, as well as to “manage the library and entire General Staff archive”. This History department within the General Staff was the predecessor of the current Military Archive.

The King’s regency regulation of March 6, 1940, transformed the History department into the Military History Institute. According to that regulation, the Institute was part of the General Staff and directly subordinate to it. History and War Experiment (Testing) Departments were established by the order of the Yugoslav People’s Liberation Army and the Partisans’ Supreme Commander on March 1, 1945, within the Yugoslav Army (YA) General Staff. Within the General Staff, there was also an Archival Department. In January 1946, the War Experiments Department was transformed into a separate unit, while the History Department was renamed the History Institute of the YA, and after April 1947, the Military Scientific and Publishing Institute. From Spring 1949 to Fall 2006, it was the Military History Institute, with the Military Archive as its part.

From 1949 to 2006 there was the Vojnoistorijski institut (Military-historical Institute). Part of this Institute was Arhiv Vojnoistorijskog instituta, abbr. AVII (Archives of Military-historical Institute), a relevant institution for Holocaust.

Since 2006 there are two independent institutions: Institut za strateška istraživanja, abbr. ISI (Institute for Strategic Research) and the Vojni arhiv, abbr,VA (Military Archives) which is relevant for the Holocaust. All the relevant archival collections are related to the Vojni arhiv and not to Arhiv Vojnoistorijskog instituta (Military-historical Institute).

So, since 2006 Vojni arhiv became an indipendent institution.

Some of the documents, like the microfilm and conservation laboratory suffered severe damage during the 1999 bombing. However, most of the archives were transported and protected on time.

Archival and Other Holdings

The Military Archive collects, processes, conserves, makes public and publishes documents that appeared in the Serbian and Yugoslav Army from 1847 until today. Funds and collections of the Archive include over 722 meters of archive materials, with more than 36 million pages. Documents preserved in the Archive are testimony to the efforts of the Serbian people to create and maintain a national state and all the victims who suffered in that battle.

Archive funds after 1941 to May 15, 1945 are:

  • Popular Liberation Army of Yugoslavia, 1941-1945;
  • Draza Mihailovic’s Chetniks Movement, 1941-1945;
  • Milan Nedic’s Serbian Government, 1941-1944;
  • The Kingdom of Yugoslavia’s Government in Emigration, 1941-1945;
  • German occupying army, 1941-1945;
  • Italian occupying army, 1941-1943;
  • Independent State of Croatia, 1941-1945.

The previous name of all these funds is Arhiv Neprijateljske jedinice (archives of enemy military units).

Finding Aids, Guides, and Publication

Milan Koljanin, "Sources historiques concernant la Shoah en Serbie", Jacques Fredj (ed.), Les Archives de la Shoah, Paris (CDJC/L'Harmattan), 1998, p. 315-332 (especially p. 324-326).

Opening Times

Working hours of the Archive’s reading room: 09:00-14:00

Conditions of Access

For Serbian citizens: Interested researchers submit their request to the Head (Chief) of the Archive who approves access. The request has to be submitted each year and access is free, while the technical services are provided for a fee.

For the foreign citizens:

  1. Interested researchers submit their request through the diplomatic mission of their country in Belgrade. Along with the request, they submit a recommendation from the scientific institution where they are based. The request must be submitted 30 days before the research starts.
  2. The research has to be approved by the MoD.
  3. The researcher will be notified about the approved period.
  4. Usage of the archive materials is free of charge.

Everybody who uses archival materials in order to write scientific and expert studies are obliged to deliver one copy to the Archive after the work is published.

Reproduction Services

The Military Archive offers the possibility to photocopy materials and the price list is available in the reading room of the Military Archive.

Sources

  • http://www.isi.mod.gov.rs/vojni_arhiv02/?lang=en Arhivski fondovi i zbirke u arhivima i arhivskim odeljenjima u SFRJ, Savezni arhivi, Beograd: Savez društava arhivskih radnika Jugoslavije, 1980, 93-205 Архиви у Србији, том I, Београд: Архив Србије 2016, 87-97