Rijksarchief in België, Dienst Archief Oorlogsslachtoffers / Archives de l'État en Belgique, Service Archives des Victimes de la Guerre
- State Archives of Belgium, Archives Service for War Victims
- Directorate-General War Victims
- Directie-Generaal Oorlogsslachtoffers
- Direction générale Victimes de la Guerre
The Archives Service for War Victims is the successor of the former Belgian Repatriation Commissioner (Commissariat belge au rapatriement / CBR). The CBR, established in 1944, was responsible for repatriating the Belgians sent in the territories occupied by Germany, tracing missing persons, identify bodies, recover personal belongings and collecting archives. This last task became over the years its main activity. The CBR was dissolved in August 1945 and its services were transferred to the Ministry of War Victims, created in February 1945 to take action to help the civilian victims of the war. In 1946, the services of this department were transferred to the Ministry of Reconstruction, and in 1952 to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. In 2001, the Directorate-General War Victims was included in the Federal Public Service Social Security. In 2018 the Archives Service for War Victims was integrated in the State Archives of Belgium.
Archival and Other Holdings
The Archives Service for War Victims holds an archive of 13 km, essentially devoted to civilian victims of the Second World War. The Archives and Documentation Service holds, among others files on the persecution and deportation of Jews and Gypsies Belgium. These archives consist of the archives of the Sicherheitspolizei - Sicherheitsdienst, supplemented subsequently with other sources of information by the administration. Among the sources of DG War Victims, one can distinguish mainly two categories:- General documentation concerning, inter alia, the concentration camps, prisons in Belgium and abroad, the persecution and deportation of Jews, forced labor, and post-war trials. - Personal records including, inter alia, records of civilian invalids of war 1914-1918 and 1940-1945, the records compiled by the Archives and Documentation Service (containing administrative documents and histories), records of "statuts civils de reconnaissance nationale", and the records of the prison of Saint-Gilles.
Finding Aids, Guides, and Publication
P. NEFORS, Inventaris van het Archief van de Bestuursafdeling voor Oorlogsslachtoffers van het Ministerie van Volksgezondheid en Leefmilieu. Inventaire des archives du Service des Victimes de la Guerre du Ministère des Affaires sociale, de la Santépublique et de l'Environnement, 1997. There is no catalog of all the archives, but there is a very detailed index card system:- One index card system with themes and geographic locations in order to find documents in the general documentation - One index card system with names to retrieve personal files.In recent years, the Archives Service for War Victims started projects of computerization and digitization of its archives. There is no online catalogue.
Mémorial de la Shoah