Otechestven Front

  • Fatherland Front
  • OF
Type of Entity
Corporate Body

Dates of Existence

Founded in 1943-08


After Germany attacked the Soviet Union the Bulgarian Communist Party took the initiative inside the country. Until the final stage of the war, resistance tactics emphasized sabotage and small-group operations. About 10,000 persons are estimated to have participated in or supported the resistance, making it the largest such movement among Germany’s allies. Politically, the communists sought the cooperation of other opposition groups, and in 1943-08 the Fatherland Front was formed, composed of communists, left-wing Agrarians, Zveno, socialists, and some independent political figures. The front’s influence grew as the military situation of Germany deteriorated.


  • Founded in Bulgaria.


  • Encyclopædia Britannica, www.birtannica.com