1. R.3 - Documentation of the Nazi Party (National Socialist Party - NSDAP) in Eretz Israel, 1928-1939

    R.3 - Documentation of the Nazi Party (National Socialist Party - NSDAP) in Eretz Israel, 1928-1939 The first two chapters of the Nazi Party in Eretz Israel were established in Sharona and Jaffa in March 1933. Karl Ruf from Haifa set the chapters up, but during most of the time that the Nazi Party was active Cornelius Schwarz, from the Templar settlement, served as head of the party. In the summer of 1933 the party numbered 42 members, and in 1934, their numbers reached 239 (the largest chapter was in Jerusalem with 67 members). That same year, there were already active Nazi youth organizat...

  2. P.11 - Moshe Keller Collection: The Finaly Children Affair

    P.11 -The Moshe Keller Collection: The Finaly Children Affair The event known as the "Finaly Children Affair" took place in France in the early 1950s. Jewish relatives of two orphaned Jewish brothers who had been baptized as Catholics and were living in a monastery in Spain, demanded that they be given custody of the children. The Catholic Church used the baptism as justification for letting the children remain in the Catholic faith. After a struggle mounted by the relatives against the French authorities, the Church finally gave up its demands, and the children were turned over to their Je...

  3. The Marc Jarblum Archive: Zionist Leader and one of the Jewish underground leaders in France

    This collection contains a bibliographical sketch, letters written by Jarblum, and information regarding Jewish organizations in France, persecution of the Jews, material about the French underground, information concerning post war events, correspondence and lists of deportees.

  4. R.2 - National Socialist Party documentation from the Gau Wien (Vienna District), 1938-1945

    R.2 - National Socialist Party documentation from the Gau Wien (Vienna District), 1938-1945 NSDAP Gau Wien was established in 1926. The last Gauleiter (District Director) before the annexation of Austria to Germany was Dr. Leopold Tavs, who was appointed to this position in 1937. On 22 May 1938, after the Anschluss, when all the institutions in Austria, including the Nazi institutions were reorganized, SS-Standartenführer Odilo Globocnik was given that position. He was removed from his job after suspicions of corruption on his part arose, and Josef Bürckel was appointed in his place on 31 J...

  5. O.70 - Josef Rosensaft Bergen-Belsen POW Camp Archive

    O.70 - Josef Rosensaft Bergen-Berlsen DP Camp Archives Bergen-Belsen was liberated by the British Army, 15 April 1945. There were approximately 58,000 survivors at the time of the liberation, of whom approximately 28,000 died from disease and starvation during the first weeks after the liberation. A Displaced Persons (DP) camp was established in Bergen-Belsen and the survivors immediately began to organize themselves. They set up the Central Jewish Committee (CJC) for the camp, headed by Josef Rosensaft. The CJC and its various departments took responsibility for the physical and spiritual ...

  6. Documentation of the People's Court in Bulgaria, 1944-1945

    The Seventh Panel of the People's Court dealt with accusations against those who had been responsible for the anti-Jewish policy during the war and its implementation. Among those tried were Commissariat for Jewish Questions (KEV) officials, guards, the staff in the forced labor camps and others. There are 12 files in the Record Group, each one of which contains documentation regarding one day's court sitting. The files were adjudicated between 16 March 1945 (Court Sitting Number 9) and 31 March 1945 (Court Sitting Number 20).

  7. The Leni Yahil Archive: Holocaust Researcher, 1904-2002

    The collection includes documentation, newspaper clippings, lists, articles, booklets, doctoral dissertations, notes, Leni Yahil's correspondence and more. The documentation relates to the following subjects: the Jews of Denmark during the Holocaust; the Jews of Germany from the 1930s until the Holocaust; the Jews of Sweden, Norway and Finland during the Holocaust; Jewish communities in Western, Central and Eastern Europe between two world wars and during the Holocaust; the steps leading up to the Final Solution; ghettos; concentration and extermination camps and other topics.There is also ...

  8. The Erich Kulka Collection: Testimonies and Documentation regarding the struggle of the Jews of Czechoslovakia against the Nazis, 1941-1975

    The Collection includes testimonies and other documentation regarding the resistance of the Czechoslovakian Jews against the Germans during World War II. The people interviewed are soldiers and officers who fought in the Czechoslovakian Army, Jews who fought in the British Air Force, served in partisan battalions in the Soviet Union or participated in the National Slovak Uprising. There are also testimonies regarding the treatment of Jewish soldiers who were POWs in German camps. The testimonies include personal and family information, as well as information regarding communities, Nazi pers...

  9. Documentation regarding the Jews of Bulgaria, mainly from the Holocaust period

    The documentation includes: - Documentation regarding anti-Jewish legislation in Bulgaria and Commissariat for Jewish Questions (KEV) activities;- Documentation of Jewish Community institutions and various government offices; - Lists of Jews according to their places of residence and deportation lists during the war;- Documentation regarding the confiscation of Jewish property and the Jewish labor battalions in Bulgaria; - Memoirs;- Photographs; - German documentation regarding the Jews and anti-Jewish policy in Bulgaria;- Documentation from the People's Court in Bulgaria after World War II...

  10. P.41 - Collection of Oskar Schindler, Righteous Among the Nations, personal documentation, mostly from after 1945

    P.41 -Collection of Oskar Schindler, Righteous Among the Nations, personal documentation, mostly from after 1945 In the collection: personal documents, correspondence with the German authorities after the war; lists of Jews whom Schindler saved; newspaper clippings; certificates of appreciation and more. The collection also contains correspondence between Oskar Schindler and the Jews he saved; the correspondence reflects the efforts made by the survivors on his behalf after the war.

  11. The Mecker Collection: Letters and newspaper clippings from the"Forverts"newspaper published in New York regarding the search for relatives, 1940-1951

    Included in the documentation in the Collection: Letters from readers from all over the world received by Mecker between 1940 and 1951; requests for help in locating relatives, emigration or financial aid from Jewish refugees and Holocaust survivors; articles written by Holocaust survivors who had emigrated to the United States during the 1940's, describing their integration in their new country; newspaper clippings containing testimonies regarding the destruction of Jewish communities in Europe that were published during and after the war, including advertisements for missing relatives and...

  12. M.4 - Bulletins of the Vaad Hahatzalah (Rescue Council) of the Jewish Agency in Eretz Israel, 1937-1959

    M.4 - Bulletins of the Vaad Hahatzalah (Rescue Council) of the Jewish Agency in Eretz Israel, 1937-1959 There are 220 files in the record group, which includes various publications, such as bulletins, reports, letters and surveys, containing information regarding the condition of the Jews in occupied Europe during World War II. The information was gathered, collated and distributed by Jewish organizations in Eretz Israel, Turkey (Istanbul) and Switzerland during the war and the early postwar years. Some of the communications were intended for distribution solely among the members of the org...

  13. Archives of A. Silberschein, Geneva (Relico).

    In this fonds, we firstly note the correspondence of Silberschein with the Fédération des Juifs polonais en Belgique, concerning relief for Shoah survivors and financial support (file nr. 8; years 1946-1949). In nr. 110 we find several reports (i.a. a detailed activity report of the Comité de Défense des Juifs, 1942-1943) and correspondence concerning the situation of the Jews in Belgium, the deportations, difficulties in emigrating to the United States, the condition of intellectual refugees in Belgium, necessary relief, … for the period 1940-1944. File 89 (1945-1947) contains corresponden...

  14. The Benjamin Sagalowitz Archive, head of the press agency of the Union of Jewish Communities in Switzerland, 1929-1969

    In the Record Groupe: - Drafts and galley proofs of Benjamin Sagalowitz's book,"The Way to Majdanek"; - Documentation regarding the Jewish communities in Switzerland, 1929-1956;- Documentation regarding JUNA, 1935-1964; - Documentation regarding the attitude of the Swiss authorities towards the Jewish refugees, 1933-1963;- Documentation regarding attempts to rescue Jews, 1944-1945; - Documentation regarding the World Jewish Congress (WJC), 1959-1962;- Newspaper clippings regarding trials of Nazi criminals; - Personal details regarding Nazi criminals: Yad Vashem Archives P13/178 and P13/145.

  15. O.71- Koniuchowsky Collection: Testimonies Regarding the Holocaust of Lithuanian Jewry, 1945-1981

    O.71- Koniuchowsky Collection: Testimonies Regarding the Holocaust of Lithuanian Jewry, 1945-1981 Leyb Koniuchowsky was born in Lithuania on 18 November 1910. An engineer by profession, he resided in Kaunas (Kovno). During the German occupation he lived in the Kaunas Ghetto and worked there until his escape. He found shelter in a bunker at a farmer's home where he remained until the liberation of Lithuania by the Red Army in 1944. From 1944-46, he wandered through the war battered towns of Lithuania, collecting testimonies from the few Jews that survived. The testimonies focus on the exterm...

  16. O.39 - Collection of memoirs written by survivors as part of a competition held by Yad Vashem, 1957

    O.39 - Collection of memoirs written by survivors as part of a competition held by Yad Vashem, 1957 In 1957 the Yad Vashem administration held an essay competition in which participants were to write about their personal experiences during the Holocaust. The collection includes 200 of these essays.

  17. P.10 - Archive of Mark Dworzecki, physician, Vilna Ghetto underground member and researcher of Lithuanian Jewry during the Holocaust, 1945-1975

    P.10 - Archive of Mark Dworzecki, physician, Vilna Ghetto underground member and researcher of Lithuanian Jewry during the Holocaust, 1945-1975 Dr. Meier (Mark) Dworzecki was born in Vilna in 1908 and died in Tel Aviv in 1975. He completed his high school studies in Vilna, and was active in its public life. He wrote for the "Zeit" newspaper in Vilna, as well as for "Hazifira" and "Heint". He served as the chairman of the SSRP (Zionist Socialist Workers Party) from 1933, and worked as a physician in the Novogrod workers' suburb from 1935. In 1939, he was elected as the Jewish representative ...

  18. The Zorach Warhaftig Collection: Documentation of rescue and aid extended to refugees who escaped from Poland and Lithuania to Japan, 1939-1990

    The Zorach Warhaftig Archive includes much documentation regarding the condition of the Jews of Poland and Lithuania at the outbreak of World War II, and especially documentation related to aid to refugees through the obtaining of visas to Japan, 1939-1941. The documentation includes letters, telegrams, reports and lists of those refugees and survivors who sought visas. The Record Group also includes documents, letters and other documentation regarding Warhaftig's activities in assisting the refugees and survivors after the Holocaust and his diverse activity in commemorating the Holocaust.

  19. M.11 - The Tenenbaum-Mersik Archive: Documentation regarding the Bialystok Ghetto underground

    M.11 - The Tenenbaum-Mersik Archive: Documentation regarding the Bialystok Ghetto underground The archive gets its name from Mordechai Tenenbaum-Tamaroff, who set up the archive in early 1943, and Zvi Mersik, one of Mordechai Tenenbaum's outstanding aides, who continued to maintain the archive after Mordechai Tenenbaum-Tamaroff's death. Most of the documentation, which was created between July 1941 and April 1943, is located in the Yad Vashem Archive. The original material is not concentrated in one place: some of it is housed in the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw, and the rest of th...

  20. O.12 - Perlman Collection: Testimonies of refugees from Poland who arrived in Eretz Israel, 1942-1943

    O.12- Perlman Collection: Testimonies of refugees from Poland who arrived in Eretz Israel, 1942-1943 The Perlman Collection consists of 64 testimonies gathered by Jewish Agency representatives during the years 1942-1943, mainly from Jews who arrived to Eretz Israel during World War II. Most of the testimonies were given by Jews who held Mandatory Palestine citizenship, were married to Mandatory Palestine citizens or were related to them. These Jews were included in exchange agreements of foreign citizens for German citizens, and they succeeded in reaching Eretz Israel. Another group of witn...