Displaying items 11,861 to 11,880 of 11,961
Language of Description: English
  1. Pesti Izraelita Hitközség Chevra Kadisájának iratai

    • Documents of the Chevra Kadisha of the Pest Jewish Community

    The collection contains documents of the Chevra Kadisha of the Pest Jewish Community from the 1940s. Most importantly for the study of the history of the Holocaust in Hungary, there are various documents from the month of April 1944, i.e. from the time after the German entry and the beginnings of the activities of the collaborationist government but before the mass deportations from the countryside. These documents include the datasheet regarding the financial situation and the assets of the Pest Chevra Kadisa compiled as stipulated by Prime Minister’s Decree 1600/1944, documents on the imp...

  2. Pesti Izraelita Hitközség iratai (Segélyprogramok)

    • Documents of the Pest Jewish Community (Aid Programs)

    In Hungary, anti-Jewish legal discrimination became increasingly severe during the late 1930s and early 1940s. The Jewish community responded to the hardship its members experienced by organizing aid programs through various channels. The Jewish community of Pest was by far the largest and wealthiest of the Jewish communities of Hungary and, accordingly, it played a leading role in these initiatives. This collection contains, first of all, documents of the Országos Magyar Zsidó Segítő Akció (the National Hungarian Jewish Aid Action) from the years 1938 to 1945. They include essential docume...

  3. Perek

    • Trials

    The collection on postwar Holocaust-related trials at the Hungarian Jewish Archive includes miscellaneous materials, containing indictments, pleas, legal opinions and verdicts. There are excerpts from various testimonies regarding the activity of Adolf Eichmann in Hungary in 1944. Moreover, the collection contains the testimonies of some of the chief Hungarian perpatrators of the Holocaust. Moreover, there are summaries of several major trials in various international languages such as those of László Endre, László Baky, Andor Jaross, Béla Imrédy, Ferenc Rajniss and László Budinszky. The co...

  4. Munkaszolgálattal kapcsolatos iratok. Munkaszolgálatot igazoló iratok

    • Documents Related to Labor Service. Documents on the Conditions of Labor Service

    Labor service was a special Hungarian institution created in 1939 that targetted primarily Jews but also politically suspicuous elements, national minorities and religious groups during the years of the Second World War. The institution of labor service implied labor duties at military units without military equipment. It was gradually extended and became increasingly brutal and deadly. This collection contains a wide array of documents concerning its history such as photographs, birth certificates, graduation certificates and diplomas, military papers (such as service certificates, letters...

  5. Magyar Izraeliták Országos Képviselete iratai. Jogügyi Osztály

    • Documents of the National Representation of Hungarian Israelites. Legal Department

    The largest part of this vast collection was created in the years 1959 to 1963 and contains ample information on what happened to individuals and families during the Holocaust in Hungary. The documents were collected by the Magyar Izraeliták Országos Képviselete Jogügyi Osztálya (the Legal Department of the National Representation of Hungarian Israelites). They were employed as evidence in Holocaust-related legal cases such as compensation cases and cases to determinate pensions. Next to personal recollections, the collection includes testimonies taken by notaries and certificates issued by...

  6. Magyar Zsidók Központi Tanácsa iratai. Hitközségi összeírás

    • Documents of the Central Council of the Hungarian Jews. Registration of the Jewish Communities

    In April 1944, after the entry of Nazi Germany into Hungary and right before the beginnings of the deportation of Hungarian Jews, a large-scale survey project was pursued that provides an unusually, even uniquely rich documentation of Hungarian Jewish communities just before their annihilation. This large body of detailed documents contain the surveys returned by the Hungarian Jewish Communities from across the country. They provide information on the number of their members, institutions, property, financial resources, etc. These materials were published in 1994 under the title Géza Komoró...

  7. Landeszman-gyűjtemény

    • Documents collected by former Director of the Jewish Archives of Hungary György Landeszman

    The Landeszman collection includes miscellaneous Holocaust-related documents from 1944-45 and the postwar period, such as documents of individual labor servicemen, letters and requests of the Central Jewish Council from the year 1944, daily demands various Hungarian and German authorities sent to the Central Jewish Council, requesting the delivery of various objects or the provision of various services, notes on the organization of ghetto life, documents regarding the ghettoization and deportation of Jews of Kiskunhalas and Sopron, reports from countryside ghettos from May 1944, list of pro...

  8. Lágerkeresztmetszetek

    • Camp Profiles

    The collection contains descriptions, including their hand-written originals, of a host of Nazi contentration camps. These descriptions are based on the very large pool of survivor testimonies recorded by the Deportáltakat Gondozó Országos Bizottság (DEGOB) and aim to describe the main characteristics of Nazi camps. The camps described include major ones such as Bergen-Belsen, Mauthausen, Oranienburg, Sachsenhausen and Theresienstadt. In certain cases the descriptions are supplemented by hand-drawn maps of the camps as well as maps of routes of deportation. The collection also contains a li...

  9. Keresések, kárpótlások

    • Tracing and Compensation

    The collection includes tracing cards that were created in order to establish a database on the labor servicemen who were deported to Bor, Serbia and from there to Nazi Germany in the fall or winter of 1944. The Bor camp consisted of a copper mind and ten subcamps whose inmates were forced to construct railways for their Nazi overlords. Hungarian Jewish labor servicemen were handed over to the Nazis or more specifically to the Organisation Todt already in 1943. By the summer of 1944 around 6 000 of them had to labor in Bor under the command of Ede Marányi. The camp was abandoned in Septembe...

  10. Joint Magyarországi Képviselete iratai

    • Documents of the Hungarian Representation of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee

    The collection contains miscellaneous documents of the Joint Magyarországi Bizottsága (the Hungarian Committee of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee) and the Országos Zsidó Segítő Bizottság (the National Jewish Aid Organization) between 1945 and 1950. The documents include the agenda and minutes of meetings of the Hungarian Committee of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee as well as the proposals of its various departments, its financial and operational reports, budgets, internal correspondence, correspondence with various Hungarian authorities as well as internat...

  11. Internáltak névlistája

    • Name Lists of Internment Camp Inmates

    In 1939, Hungary legalized internment camps, the most infamous of which was the one at Kistarcsa but of which there were dozens across the country. These camps were created to hold politically suspicious elements while they also specifically targetted Jews. During the Holocaust in Hungary, Hungarian Jews were arrested in large numbers and put into various internment camps that were originally controlled by the Hungarian police forces but where German forces would also come to share power. This collection contains lists of prisoners of the following internment camps in and around Budapest: C...

  12. Holokauszt korabeli személyes dokumentumok: Védlevelek

    • Personal Documents from the Holocaust Era: Protective Papers (Schutzpässe)

    A major but ultimately failed ambition of the Arrow Cross government of Hungary was to acquire diplomatic recognition. In pursuit of this goal, the Arrow Cross regime was also willing to make certain concessions to the diplomatic representatives of neutral countries present in Budapest. These representatives of neutral countries in turn issued tens of thousands of so called Schutzpässe. Through issuing these newly developed documents, they aimed and largely though not fully succeeded at putting persecuted Jews in Budapest under their legal protection. The collection of these protective pape...

  13. Hitközségi szervezet: Vidéki hitközségek

    • Jewish Community Organizations: Countryside communities

    This is a vast collection that contains miscellaneous documents that relate to the history of Hungarian Jewish communities both in the years before 1944 and after 1945 and document key aspects of the Holocaust in Hungary. The collection offers rich documentation on the history of the following Hungarian Jewish communities in the era of Nazism: Bácsalmás, Baja, Bonyhád, Csongrád, Dombóvár, Eger, Esztergom, Gyöngyös, Jászberény, Kalocsa, Kaposvár, Kisújszállás, Kőbánya, Marcali, Mezőkövesd, Miskolc, Nagykőrös, Sárbogárd, Sopron, Szarvas, Szeged, Szentes, Szigetvár, Tata, Vác. There are also s...

  14. Hazaérkezett deportáltak

    • Returned Deportees

    The approximately 7 000 camp prisoner registry cards (the so called Häftlingspersonalkarte) that can be found at the Hungarian Jewish Archive contain detailed personal information on prisoners of Mauthausen concentration camp and its subcamps. The cards provide the following pieces of information: name of the prisoner, date of birth, place of birth, previous occupation, address, religion, citizenship, place of residence of relatives, and personal physical features. The cards also provide information on from where the prisoner was taken to Mauthausen and to what kommandos (work units) he/she...

  15. Az Országos Rabbiképző Intézet iratai

    • Documents of the Rabbinical Seminary of Budapest

    The collection includes miscellaneous documents of the Rabbinical Seminary from the years 1942 to 1945. There is the documentation of the Directing Committee of the Rabbinical Seminary from 1942-1943 that includes materials discussing the consequences of anti-Jewish legislation, especially the anti-Semitic Act VIII of 1942, which ended the official, state-endorsed status of the Rabbinical Seminary, documents concerning questions and cases of exemption from Hungarian anti-Semitic legislation and the peculiarly Hungarian institution of labor service. There are also miscellaneous documents of ...

  16. Áldozatok listái

    • Lists of Victims

    A key ambition that emerged right after the Holocaust in Hungary was to collect the names of the hundreds of thousands of victims, most of whose exact fates still needed to be clarified. Compiling name lists of victims who in most cases had no graves was understood as an essentially important task but also proved a difficult and prolonged process that has lasted until today. By beginning to collect the names of victims in the immediate aftermath of the war, the Országos Zsidó Segítő Bizottság (the National Jewish Aid Organization) and the Deportáltakat Gondozó Országos Bizottság (National R...

  17. A Zsidókérdést Kutató Magyar Intézet iratai

    • Documents of the Hungarian Institute for Research of the Jewish Question

    The Hungarian Institute for Research of the Jewish Question was a Hungarian, Nazi-style institute in Budapest. It was founded in 1943 under the directorship of Zoltán Bosnyák, an extreme rightist journalist, editor and teacher. Bosnyák published a host of radically anti-Semitic books in the 1930s and early 1940s and the “Jewish question” practically constituted his sole theme. Spending years in hiding after the war, Bosnyák was eventually returned to Hungary in 1951 and executed in 1952. Among the founders of the Hungarian Institute for Research of the Jewish Question were several prominent...

  18. Gradsko poglavarstvo Dubrovnik

    • The Dubrovnik City Authority Office
  19. Župska redarstvena oblast Karlovac

    • The county police authorities Karlovac
  20. Poglavarstvo grada Karlovca

    • The administration of the town of Karlovac