Handmade traffic board game and instructions brought with a young German Jewish refugee

Language of Description
Alt. Identifiers
  • 2013.495.5 a-c
Level of Description
  • English
  • German
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

a: Height: 12.500 inches (31.75 cm) | Width: 27.625 inches (70.168 cm) | Depth: 0.125 inches (0.318 cm)

b: Height: 0.875 inches (2.223 cm) | Width: 1.625 inches (4.128 cm)

c: Height: 8.750 inches (22.225 cm) | Width: 6.875 inches (17.463 cm)


Biographical History

Anneliese Centawer was born on January 10, 1930, to James and Recha Huetzler (Hützler) Centawer in Nuremberg, Germany. Her mother Recha was born on June 23, 1891, in Huettenbach, Germany, to Moritz (1840-1922) and Amalie Selig Huetzler (1857-1918.) Recha had four younger brothers and nine half-siblings from her father’s first marriage to Babette Talman. Recha was part of a very wealthy and large, extended family which owned several department stores and extensive financial holdings. Several family members immigrated to the United States in the 1880s. Recha’s father was a cattle dealer. Anneliese’s father James was born on July 21, 1888, in Nuremburg to Moritz (1830-1920) and Marie Gutmann Centawer (1854-1932.) His father operated a shoestore. James had a sister Henriette. James was a lieutenant in the German Army during World War I (1914-1918.) He then became the European trade representative for an electrical company that manufactured transformers. James and Recha married on August 17, 1924, and settled in Nuremberg. After the January 1933 appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany, the Nazi dictatorship enacted plans to persecute Jews and exclude them from German society. Anneliese attended the Israelitsche Folkshul and was taught German and Jewish subjects. Antisemitism increased and, on one occasion, Anneliese was beaten by a member of the Hitler Youth who, because of her red hair and freckles, accused Anneliese of trying to pretend to be a German. In 1936, the family had to move because their block was declared Judenfrei [Free of Jews.] In March 1938, with sponsorship by three of Recha's half-siblings in the US, the family received American visas. Anneliese and her parents sailed from Hamburg on the Manhattan and arrived on July 7, 1938, in New York. The family settled in the Bronx in New York City. During the war, Anneliese’s father James worked for the US Office of War Information in the censorship bureau and then for the US Treasury Department. They learned that three of Recha's half-siblings: Ida, Leopold, and Siegmund Huetzler, perished during the Holocaust. James’s sister Henrietta is believed to have been killed in a concentration camp gas chamber. Anneliese graduated from Hunter College High School and received a cum laude degree from Hunter College in 1951. On August 26 of the same year, she married Gunther Marx. Gunther, born in 1926, in Remscheid, Germany, had fled to England, and then to America with his parents in 1939. He was a sergeant in the US Army during the war, from 1944-1946. The couple had a son. Anneliese pursued a career in public relations and was a corporate management consultant. Her mother Recha, 79, passed away on June 22, 1970. Her father James, 87, died on January 26, 1976.

Archival History

The game was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2013 by Anneliese Centawer Marx.


United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Anneliese C. Marx

Funding Note: The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.

Scope and Content

Board game made from brightly colored cut construction paper brought with 8 year old Anneliese Centawer when she and her parents James and Recha fled Nazi Germany in July 1938. It includes several pages of instructions handwritten in English and German. After Hitler and the Nazi regime's seizure of power in 1933, the Jewish population was subjected to increasingly harsh persecution. In 1936, Anneliese's family was forced to move from their home in Nuremberg when their block was declared Judenfrei (Free of Jews.) Anneliese was beaten up on the street by a Hitler Youth who accused the freckled, red haired girl of trying to pass for German. In July 1938, with sponsorship from Recha's half-siblings in the US, the family arrived in New York.

Conditions Governing Access

No restrictions on access

Conditions Governing Reproduction

No restrictions on use

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

a. Handmade game constructed of 3 fiberboard panels covered with glossy, white paper and joined with white cloth tape. Hand cut pieces of brightly colored construction paper are adhered to the board to create pathways, buildings, signs, and named and numbered spaces along which one travels from start to stop around the board. A player can travel by bicycle, car, foot, or train. One moves by rolling dice, which are not included. Start is a blue rectangle in the bottom right corner. 3 pathways made from connected paper rectangles extend from START, a blue rectangle in the lower right corner, around the board to STOP, a red rectangle in the upper right corner. The paths have colored paper circles with glued on numbers 1 through 38. The pink train path has blue circles with white numbers; the green car path has purple circles with white numbers; the blue bicycle path has light blue circles with pink numbers. Pedestrians share the pink and green paths. Each path has several different colored circles to mark spaces where dice rolls can be added or taken away. They correspond with scenery symbols, including a petrol station, mountain, lake, meadow, inn, and a train station. Several gameboard pieces have detached and are missing; some are stored as b. b. 18 small pieces of hand cut construction paper that have detached from gameboard (a). The measurement is for the largest piece. c. Handsewn notebook with 8 pages of offwhite, blue lined paper with game instructions handwritten in cursive in black ink in opposing columns, one English, one German. Pages 1-2 have instructions for the pink railway, 3-5 for the green motorcar path, and 6-8 for the blue bicycle path, and 9-10 for the pedestrian, which shares the pink and green path. The last 6 pages are blank.



This description is derived directly from structured data provided to EHRI by a partner institution. This collection holding institution considers this description as an accurate reflection of the archival holdings to which it refers at the moment of data transfer.