Dolf and Cato Ringel papers
Adolf “Dolf” Ringel was born in Mainz, Germany in 1910 to Meilach and Taube Ringel. Meilach worked in an import/export business, mainly dealing with eggs and dairy. In 1933, Dolf attended medical school, before laws prevented him from attending university due to his Jewish background. The family decided to escape the now rampant anti-Semitism, fleeing to Spain in 1933. In the meantime, Dolf assisted his father with his business. In 1936, with the Spanish civil war beginning, the family decided to move to Amsterdam. It was there that Dolf met Cato Parfumeur, and the two soon began dating in 1940. Cato Parfumeur was born in Amsterdam in 1920 to Elisabeth and Fritz Parfumeur. Her father worked for an upholstery filling company, servicing furniture. Fearing that they may be caught at any time, Cato and Dolf decided to move to Spain, where Dolf had contacts from his time living there years earlier. They received fake Belgian identification cards, and once in Menen, used the same "passeur" (smuggler) that Eddy had used to get to Switzerland. Unfortunately, he abandoned them once they reached France. They eventually did reach Spain, after getting smuggled through the Pyrenees mountain range. Once in Spain, however, they were soon captured and imprisoned in Figueres, Spain. Dolf was eventually transferred to the Miranda de Ebro internment camp, while Cato was sent to Caldas de Mallavella. During this time, Cato began sending letters to a Dutch ambassador, who assisted them in leaving the camps and working at the Dutch embassy in Spain. In October of 1943, Dolf and Cato were married, and in December of 1944, they moved to London to work for the Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs. After the war, Dolf and Cato immigrated to the United States in 1949.
The Dolf and Cato Ringel papers were donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum by Dolf and Cato Ringel. The papers are a result of several donations made in 1993 and 1994. These donations were given separate accession numbers: 1993.123, 1994.A.0356, 1995.A.0336, and 1995.A.0337. These accessions have since been unified and can be located under the accession number 1993.123.10.
The Dolf and Cato Ringel papers are arranged as a single series.
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