American OSE Committee (RG 494)

Language of Description
Alt. Identifiers
  • 2017.321.1
  • RG-67.066M
1 Jan 1941 - 31 Dec 1955
Level of Description
  • English
  • French
  • German
  • Yiddish
  • Hebrew
  • Spanish
  • Russian
  • Polish
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

17,218 digital images, JPEG

30 microfilm reels, 35 mm


Biographical History

OEuvre de Secours aux Enfants (OSE) was a worldwide organization for child care, health and hygiene among Jews, with headquarters in Paris. Founded in 1912 in St. Petersburg, Russia. The name OSE was originally an acronym for Obshchestvo Zdravokhraneniya Yevreyev (Society for the Protection of the Health of the Jews). The OSE maintained branches in Russia, Poland, Rumania and Central and Western Europe. The Polish name was TOZ (Towarzystwo Ochrony Zdrowia - Society for the Protection of Health) and the French name Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants (Society for the Aid of Children). By 1939 OSE maintained hundreds of institutions which included hospitals, nurseries, feeding centers for school children, summer camps and sanatoriums. The institutions of OSE in Europe were destroyed during World War II. After the war, OSE shifted its activities to North America, Latin America, Africa and Israel. Its work includes control of epidemic diseases, dissemination of public health information, medical research and improvement of general health conditions.

Archival History

Yivo Institute for Jewish Research


Source of acquisition is the Yivo Institute for Jewish Research (YIVO), RG 494. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the collection from YIVO via the United States Holocaust Museum International Archives Project in Sept. 2017, and a final accretion in September 2019. This collection is a part of the Museum joint project (YIVO and USHMM) to film the Holocaust related records kept at YIVO archives in NYC.

Scope and Content

Records of the American OSE Committee in New York, including correspondence, reports, subject files, materials regarding immigration, OSE Executive Committee and Board of Directors meeting minutes, financial documents, records related to shipments of medical supplies for Jews in the ghettos and in the German-occupied countries during World War II, rehabilitation, emigration, and the care of Jewish refugees and orphans in the post-war period, lists of survivors of World War II, lists of Jewish doctors, lists of Polish physicists, scientists who were murdered, lists of Jewish Polish physicians in the USSR, April 1943, newspaper clippings, printed materials, and individual questionnaires of children for emigration to America.

Conditions Governing Reproduction

Copyright Holder: Yivo Institute for Jewish Research

Corporate Bodies



This description is derived directly from structured data provided to EHRI by a partner institution. This collection holding institution considers this description as an accurate reflection of the archival holdings to which it refers at the moment of data transfer.