Mordecai E. Schwartz papers

Language of Description
Alt. Identifiers
  • 1995.A.0100
  • RG-19.043
1 Jan 1944 - 31 Dec 1950
Level of Description
  • English
  • German
  • Yiddish
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium




Biographical History

Mordecai E. Schwartz had a college degree in business adminstration and was fluent in six languages when he enlisted in the United States Army in 1942. After the war ended in May 1945, he was stationed in Munich, Germany, and was recruited by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). He requested and was granted a European discharge from the US Army and became the Area Director for UNRRA in the US Zone in Germany from 1945 to 1948. Upon the deactivation of UNRRA in 1948, he was transferred and made Area Director for the International Refugee Organization (IRO), supervising twenty-eight displaced persons camps in Germany. The displaced persons camps were set up to house and feed, and to provide medical service, and legal protection for survivors of the concentration and slave labor camps, and to offer them the chance to reestablish their lives postwar. When IRO was deactivated in 1951, Mordecai was recruited by US Air Force Intelligence in Munich and served in their worldwide operations until his retirement with highest honors.

Archival History

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum


Mordecai E. Schwartz donated the collection to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1993.

Scope and Content

Contains, but is not limited to, reports, vocational courses programs, correspondence, and other documents relating to the service of Mordecai E. Schwartz in the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) and the Preparatory Commission of the International Refugee Organization (PCIRO) and the handling of displaced persons in the United States Zone from 1946 to 1950. Also contains materials relating to the Jüdisches Komitee in Hasenhecke-Kassel and Mönchberg-Kassel, Germany.

System of Arrangement

Organized in seven series: .01, International Refugee Organization records; .02, International Refugee Organization vocational courses programs; .03, Preparatory Commission of the International Refugee Organization records; .04, United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration records; .05, Displaced persons records; .06, Miscellaneous records ...; and .07, Displaced Persons Registration Instructions, 1944 June Arrangement for series .02, I.R.O. vocational courses programs, is numerical. Arrangement in all other series/file units is chronological


Corporate Bodies



This description is derived directly from structured data provided to EHRI by a partner institution. This collection holding institution considers this description as an accurate reflection of the archival holdings to which it refers at the moment of data transfer.