Národný výbor mesta Košíce

  • National Committee of the city of Košice
Language of Description
1945 - 1948
Level of Description
  • Czech
  • Hungarian
  • Slovak
  • Latin

Extent and Medium

763 boxes, paper.

Biographical History

National committees were established on the territory of Slovakia during the Second World War based on the decree of the President of the Republic no. 18/1944 of December 4, 1944. National committees have replaced the existing municipal councils in post-war Czechoslovakia. The National Committee of the city of Košice was responsible for administrating Košice between 19th January (the Soviet liberation of the city) and the communist coup d’état in Czechoslovakia in February 1948. In the month between February 8 and August 21 1945 it was called the Administrative Committee of Košice (Správna komisia mesta Košice). Their leadership was changed after May 1946 according to the result of the parliamentary elections. Members of the National committee had a wide range of competencies: the managing of the political, economic, and social life of the city, the confiscation of the property of "Germans, Hungarians, traitors and collaborators", the appointment of national administrations, the restoration and reconstruction of the national economy, tasks in the social and health spheres, the establishment of the National Security Corps, etc.

Scope and Content

The national committee agenda contains archival materials of the city administration from the immediate post-WWII years between the end of the Hungarian Arrow-Cross terror in January 1945 and the communist coup d’état in Czechoslovakia in February 1948. The fond reflects several aspects of Košice’s postwar political, social, and economic development and everyday life, and as such it preserves also materials concerning Jewish life after the war in Košice and its surroundings. In the fond researchers can find the personal file of dozens of Holocaust survivors returning from the concentration camps or from hiding, searching for their property Aryanized between March 1944 and 1945 January. Most of these personal files are requests for national and political reliability or petitions for a house or apartment. Besides, they might also contain requests for the recovery of their taken property (apartment, house, furniture, shops, household items, etc.). Furthermore, the fond contains personal applications in which Jewish residents tell their own stories and request a passport or inform the city administration about leaving the Jewish religious community. As for the Jewish religious life is concerned, in the fond several documents concerning the religious community (mainly issues related to its property) is also preserved. In addition, various files contain information on the Hungarian Arrow Cross terror in the city between October 1944 and January 1945, including Anti-Jewish persecution in this period. These documents were created in 1944 but were filed only in 1945 or later due to some official matter.

Conditions Governing Access


Conditions Governing Reproduction

It is possible to make copies in accordance with the research rules of the archive.

Finding Aids

  • Printed inventory made by František Wieninger available in the researcher's room of the archive.

Archivist Note

The fonds was described by Veronika Szeghy-Gayer. Description edited by Martin Posch.

Rules and Conventions

EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0