Okresný ľúdový súd v Starej Ľubovni

  • District People´s Court in Stará Ľubovňa
Identifier
24450
Language of Description
English
Dates
1945-1947
Level of Description
Fonds
Languages
  • Slovak
Scripts
  • Latin
Source
EHRI

Extent and Medium

3 boxes, paper documents.

Creator(s)

Biographical History

Following Second World War trials with Nazi criminals and their collaborators were organized on the territory of restored Czechoslovakia just like in many other European countries of those days. Three-tier retributive justice system was established in the Slovak part of post-war Czechoslovakia by the Regulation of the Slovak National Council no. 33/1945 on the Punishment of Fascist Criminals, Occupants, Traitors and Collaborators and on the Establishment of People’s Judiciary. District People’s Courts (Okresný ľudový súd), which were established at district seats with the jurisdiction over the territory of specific districts represented the second tier within the system of the retributive judiciary in Slovakia. Within their jurisdiction fall all criminal offenses stipulated by the Regulation No. 33/1945 with the exception of cases under the exclusive jurisdiction of the National Court (which tried only the leading officials of former Slovak Republic (1939-1945)). A 5-member Senates of District People´s Courts, consisting of a Senate president and four members decided cases. The Senate president and his deputy had to be professional judges.

Archival History

No data available.

Acquisition

No data available.

Scope and Content

The fonds contains various case files pertaining the persecution of Jews in 1938-1945. Among others there is a file on the physical abuse of Jews in Gňazdy or robbing of Jews in Plavnica in 1939. Another file contains the information about breaking into the houses of Jews and the robbery in Stará Ľubovňa in May 1941. There is also a file with the information on anti-Jewish violence (breaking windows) commited by German children visiting Stará Ľubovňa within the framework of the KLV action in 1942. Several files pertain the deportation of Jews from Stará Ľubovňa and village Gňazdy in 1942. One file pertains the denunciation of Jews hiding in the forest near village Jakubany and their subsequent arrest and deportation in November 1944.

Conditions Governing Access

Archival documents can be reproduced with the permission of the archive and in accordance with archive´s Research Rules (Bádateľský poriadok) as well as other internal regulations of the Ministry of Interior.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Undamaged.

Finding Aids

  • Printed inventory: Retribučné súdy a orgány obžaloby na Spiši 1945-1945, available in the Researchers´ room of the archive.

Archivist Note

The fonds was identified and described by Ján Hlavinka.

Rules and Conventions

EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0