Okresný ľúdový súd v Gelnici

  • District People´s Court in Gelnica
Language of Description
Level of Description
  • German
  • Slovak
  • Latin

Extent and Medium

8 boxes, paper documents.

Biographical History

Following Second World War trials with Nazi criminals and their collaborators were organized on the territory of restored Czechoslovakia just like in many other European countries of those days. Three-tier retributive justice system was established in the Slovak part of post-war Czechoslovakia by the Regulation of the Slovak National Council no. 33/1945 on the Punishment of Fascist Criminals, Occupants, Traitors and Collaborators and on the Establishment of People’s Judiciary. District People’s Courts (Okresný ľudový súd), which were established at district seats with the jurisdiction over the territory of specific districts represented the second tier within the system of the retributive judiciary in Slovakia. Within their jurisdiction fall all criminal offenses stipulated by the Regulation No. 33/1945 with the exception of cases under the exclusive jurisdiction of the National Court (which tried only the leading officials of former Slovak Republic (1939-1945)). A 5-member Senates of District People´s Courts, consisting of a Senate president and four members decided cases. The Senate president and his deputy had to be professional judges.

Scope and Content

The fonds contains various case files pertaining various forms of persecution of Jews in Slovakia (1938-1945). Besides the file containing the information on the so called aryanisation of the enterprise in Krompachy, there is also a file of the former official in Gelnica with the information on various forms of persecution of Jews, including the deportation of Jews from Gelnica in 1942. There is also a file with the information on the activities of the Heimatschutz in Gelnica and the persecution of specific person by it´s representative. Two separate case files concern former members of the SS who served as guards in various concentration camps (Auschwitz, Flossenburg, Ravensbrück).


No data available.


No accruals expected.

Conditions Governing Access


Conditions Governing Reproduction

Archival documents can be reproduced with the permission of the archive and in accordance with archive´s Research Rules (Bádateľský poriadok) as well as other internal regulations of the Ministry of Interior.

Finding Aids

  • Printed inventory: Retribučné súdy a orgány obžaloby na Spiši 1945-1945, Author: Alžbeta Liščáková, 1970, available in the Researchers´ room of the archive.

Archivist Note

The fonds was identified and described by Ján Hlavinka.

Rules and Conventions

EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0