Ľudový súd v Košiciach

  • People´s Court in Košice
Language of Description
Level of Description
  • Hungarian
  • Slovak
  • Latin

Extent and Medium

9 boxes, paper


Biographical History

Following Second World War trials with Nazi criminals and their collaborators were organized on the territory of restored Czechoslovakia just like in many other European countries of those days. Three-tier retributive justice system was established in the Slovak part of post-war Czechoslovakia by the Regulation of the Slovak National Council no. 33/1945 on the Punishment of Fascist Criminals, Occupants, Traitors and Collaborators and on the Establishment of People’s Judiciary. National Court in Bratislava, District People’s Courts (Okresný ľudový súd) and Local People´s Courts represented the system of the retributive judiciary in Slovakia in 1945 - 1947. These courts ceased to function by 31 December 1947. Unfinished cases were subsequently transferred to jurisdiction of special senates of County courts. However after the Communist coup in 1948 a new law was adopted on 25 March 1948 which renewed the decree on retributive justice in whole Czechoslovak republic and new People´s Courts were established.

Archival History

No data available.


No data available.

Scope and Content

The fonds contains files of People´s Court in Košice which existed in 1948 as the retributive justice court . It contains several important Holocaust-related files pertaining to the persecution of Jews in Košice (then Kassa) which was part of Hungary (1938-1945). Among others there is a case file of former head of the ghetto in Košice (Kassa), then a case file of the former guard from the labor camp in Košice. One case file pertains to the denunciation of Jewish family in 1944 and its subsequent deportation to Auschwitz. Several files concern the persecution of Jews at the territory of Slovakia (1939-1945), including files of former aryanisere in Vranov nad Topľou and Michalovce. One of the files pertains village Ulič in Eastern Slovakia and contains the testimony on murder of Jews in Kolbasov after the Second World War.


No data available.


No accruals expected.

System of Arrangement

Files are arrange numerically.

Conditions Governing Access


Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements


Existence and Location of Copies

  • United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington D. C., U.S.A. .

Archivist Note

The fonds was identified and described by Ján Hlavinka.

Rules and Conventions

EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0