Okresný ľúdový súd v Medzilaborciach
- District People´s Court in Medzilaborce
1 box, paper documents.
Following the Second World War trials with Nazi criminals and their collaborators were organized on the territory of restored Czechoslovakia just like in many other European countries of those days. Three-tier retributive justice system was established in the Slovak part of post-war Czechoslovakia by the Regulation of the Slovak National Council no. 33/1945 on the Punishment of Fascist Criminals, Occupants, Traitors, and Collaborators and on the Establishment of People’s Judiciary. District People’s Courts (Okresný ľudový súd), which were established at district seats with the jurisdiction over the territory of specific districts represented the second tier within the system of the retributive judiciary in Slovakia. Within their jurisdiction fall all criminal offenses stipulated by the Regulation No. 33/1945 with the exception of cases under the exclusive jurisdiction of the National Court (which tried only the leading officials of former Slovak Republic (1939-1945)). A 5-member Senates of District People´s Courts, consisting of a Senate president and four-member decided cases. The Senate president and his deputy had to be professional judges.
Once the Regulation on the retributive justice ceased to be valid on 31 December 1948, documents of District People´s Courts together with the documents of their prosecutors were transferred to respective Regional Courts (Krajský súd), where they were stored for several years. Regional Courts then transferred the documents to state archives. Documents of this particular fonds were transferred to the State archive in Košice in 1965. They were subsequently sorted and processed. The register of the fonds was created in 1971.
Documents of this particular fonds were transferred to the State archive in Košice in 1965.
Fonds contains few files with the information on the anti-Jewish policy at the territory of district Medzilaborce in 1938-1944. One case file contains the information on the so-called temporary administration of Jewish houses and apartments at the territory of Medzilaborce after the deportation of Jews in 1942. Besides that, there is also a file with the information on the deportation of Jews from Medzilaborce and the so-called aryanisation of one particular enterprise in Medzilaborce by the former member of the Hlinka Guard. Fonds contains also a case file of the former local dignitary of the Hlinka Slovak People´s Party in Vyšná Radvaň (today: Radvaň nad Laborcom). This case file contains testimonies of survivors from this particular village.
No data available.
No accruals expected.
Archival documents can be reproduced with the permission of the archive and in accordance with archive´s Research Rules (Bádateľský poriadok) as well as other internal regulations of the Ministry of Interior.
Printed register: Ľudové súdy. Obžalobcovia ľudových súdov. 1945 – 1947 (1948), Author: Helena Lazorčáková, 1971. Researcher´s Room of the archive.
Fonds was identified and described by Ján Hlavinka.
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