Комитет по делам еврейской эмиграции (ГИЦЕМ) (г. Париж)

  • Emigration Association (HICEM)
  • Komitet po delam evreiskoi emigratsii GITsEM HIAS JCA
Identifier
740k
Language of Description
English
Dates
1906 - 1941
Level of Description
Collection
Languages
  • English
  • French
  • German
  • Hebrew
Scripts
  • Hebrew
  • Latin
Source
EHRI

Extent and Medium

2483 files

Biographical History

HICEM was the Jewish emigration association founded in April 1927 by HIAS (the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, New York), the JCA (the Jewish Colonization Association, Paris), and Emigdirect, an organization founded jointly by HIAS and the JCA and headquartered in Berlin. The acronym HICEM contains the first letters of the abovementioned three organizations. HICEM's mission was to provide information as well as legal, material, and practical aid to Jewish émigrés. On the eve of the Second World War, HICEM had 51 committees (branch offices) in 23 countries. HICEM's administrative council and central directorate were located in Paris. The central directorate consisted of ten members, five each from HIAS and the JCA. HICEM was active in every country that admitted Jewish immigrants, with the exception of the United States, Germany, and Palestine, where these functions were under the competence of HIAS, the German Jewish Aid Society, and the Jewish Agency, respectively. The first president of HICEM was James Simon, who occupied the post until his death in 1932. The leadership was comprised of three executive co-directors: Aaron Benjamin (HIAS), Edouard Oungre (JCA), and Miron Kreinin (Emigdirekt).

Scope and Content

The collection's contents are catalogued in three inventories. The inventories are arranged according to structure. The collection contains the HICEM charter (January 1935); accounts of HICEM activities for 1926-39; circulars to HICEM branch offices (1933-40) on rules for filling out a central card file of émigrés; on conditions of emigration to Uruguay, Ecuador, Haiti, and other countries, and on procedures for statistical calculation of émigré data; minutes of sessions of the HICEM administrative council for 1930, 1934-39, as well as of the HICEM commission on émigré doctors for 1934-35, the HICEM commission on the distribution of émigré grants for 1935-36, and the League of Nations Commission for Refugees for 1934-36; information on the personal composition of the HICEM central bureau in Paris (1937-40); lists of members of the HICEM administrative council and their addresses (1936); lists of association's branch offices, of Jewish organizations in Europe, America, Australia, and Africa that worked with HICEM (1938), and HICEM representatives and agents of transportation companies in the United States, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, and other countries in the Americas (1939); the HICEM secretariat's case list; personal files of émigrés (1,198 individuals, arranged alphabetically by last name); and registers of incoming correspondence for 1937-39.The collection contains various HICEM correspondence: correspondence with League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Neill Malcolm on the situation of Jewish refugees from Germany in Czechoslovakia, Austria, and Portugal, and on the opening of a HICEM branch in Zagreb (1937); correspondence with the Harbin branch and the Jewish health association OZE on helping Jewish doctors emigrate from Germany to the USSR and to the Americas (as well as lists of Jewish doctors who emigrated from Nazi Germany to the USSR). The collection also contains correspondence of the HICEM central bureau with the organization's European branches regarding delegate elections and preparations for the 1936 Paris Conference on Jewish emigration; with the editors of Jewish newspapers and with the Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA) on press coverage of the abovementioned event; with the German Jewish Aid Society and the JCA on prospects for establishing Jewish settlements in Abyssinia, China, Mozambique, Tasmania, and the Philippines; with the consulates of Argentina, Belgium, and other countries on the issuance of entry visas and loyalty certificates for Jewish émigrés; with the League of Nations High Commission for Refugees on the activities of emigration committees in France, on submitting HICEM annual reports to the League of Nations, and on HICEM representatives' participation in meetings of League of Nations Committee of Experts (1933-36); and with members of the HICEM administrative council regarding the coordination of dates and agendas for meetings called to approve balance sheets, and analogous documents (1931-39). The collection has documents of HICEM representative offices in Australia, Albania, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Columbia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Haiti, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Turkey, the United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, and Yugoslavia. These documents contain reports and financial statements regarding branch offices and their various subcommittees; and correspondence with other Jewish social and charitable organizations on admission and settlement opportunities for Jewish immigrants, on obtaining entry visas, acquiring tickets, and related concerns. Finance department materials include HICEM budget projections for 1930-40; balance sheets for 1939; financial statements for 1928-35 (some of the financial statements have statistical indicators attached); HICEM fund expense statements for 1939-40; and audit reports of the association's budget for 1938-40. Documents of the statistics bureau include statistical information on the number of German and Austrian Jews who emigrated to Brazil in 1937 and 1938, on Jewish emigration from Poland (1939), on Jewish émigrés in transit from Trieste bound for Palestine and the Americas in 1939-40, on the number of Jews in various countries of the world (1926), on the number of Jewish émigrés arriving in the United States in 1937-38, and on Jews emigrating from Poland to the countries of North and South America in 1919-36; and a list of Jewish refugees who departed for the United States from German ports in 1939. The collection also has minutes of sessions of the international Evian Conference on Jewish refugees from Germany and Austria (July 1938); and printed materials: JTA bulletins on the activities of emigration organizations in America and Palestine in 1935-36; Korrespondenzblat bulletins (1935-36) on Jewish emigration issues; bulletins of the Czechoslovak League Against Antisemitism (1935-38); the journal L'Univers Israelite; articles by Mark Wischnitzer on the history of the Jews of Poland; and a collection of statements by representatives of Christian churches on the persecution of Jews in Nazi Germany (published by the Swiss Union of Jewish Communities).

Finding Aids

  • Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive, ed. by D. E. Fishman, M. Kupovetsky, V. Kuzelenkov, Scranton - London 2010

Existence and Location of Copies

  • Microfilms are heldby the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives.

Archivist Note

  • Entry selected by Krzysztof Tyszka from the book “Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive”, ed. by D. E. Fishman, M. Kupovetsky, V. Kuzelenkov

Rules and Conventions

EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0