Полицейские и административные учреждения Германии и временно оккупированных ею территорий
- Deutsche Polizeieinrichtungen in den okkupierten Gebieten; German Police and Administrative Offices in the Temporarily Occupied Territories
- Politseiskie i administrativnye uchrezhdeniia Germanii i vremenno okkupirovannykh eiu territorii
All police entities in Germany, from the Reich Security Main Security Office (RSHA) down, were under the command of the Reichsführer-SS and chief of the German police Heinrich Himmler, who in 1943 became Reichsminister of the Interior and General Plenipotentiary for Reich Security. Police offices in occupied territories conducted a policy of mass terror and annihilated Jews. Police offices and the RSHA ceased activities in 1945 with the defeat of Nazi Germany.
The collection's contents are described in three inventories, which are arranged by structure. Within the structural divisions, files are catalogued for the most part by document type. The collection is a consolidated archival collection. It consists of heterogeneous documentary materials of police offices in Germany and the German-occupied territories of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, and the Soviet Union. The collection also includes documents of German police services in the occupied territory of the Soviet Union, including the Ukraine and Belorussia. The collection contains minutes of official meetings; bulletins, reports, overviews, dispatches, and summaries; correspondence, personnel files, and personnel lists of police offices and police entities; minutes of interrogations, investigative files, and "wanted" lists; and leaflets. Documents of German police and administrative offices in German-occupied territories also include orders and edicts of Heinrich Himmler and other high-ranking SS and police officials on establishing police offices and services (including in the occupied territory of the Soviet Union) and appointing staff. Documents in the collection include orders by Security Police and SD chiefs in the Ukraine, Belorussia, the Caucasus, and the Baltics for 1941-43; overviews of the military and economic situation in the occupied territories of the Ukraine, the Caucasus, and Belorussia; correspondence of Security Police and SD officers in the Caucasus and Belorussia for 1942; and dispatches of the heads of Secret Field Police (GFP) formations. The collection contains reports by gendarmeries and police regiments on arrests and executions of Jews carried out on Ukrainian and Belorussian territory in 1942. These documents include dispatches of the 133rd and 2446 Police Regiments on operations to annihilate Jews in the occupied territory of the Ukraine in 1941-43; of Group "Ost" on the annihilation of Jews in the area of the Eichenhain installation in the Vinnitsa region in 1942; and of heads of Einsatzkommandos and senior officers of the 24th Police Regiment of the Distrikt Galizien on the execution of the Jewish population, and also on the conduct of an operation to deport 4,769 Jews from Kolomyja to the Beliec death camp.
Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive, ed. by D. E. Fishman, M. Kupovetsky, V. Kuzelenkov, Scranton - London 2010.
Microfilms are held by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives.
Entry selected by Krzysztof Tyszka from the book “Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive”, ed. by D. E. Fishman, M. Kupovetsky, V. Kuzelenkov
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