Kazimiero Sakovičiaus dienoraštis apie masines žudynes Paneriuose

  • Kazimierz Sakowicz, Ponary Diary
Identifier
VŽM 4524
Language of Description
Multiple
Dates
11 Jul 1941 - 6 Nov 1943
Level of Description
File
Languages
  • Polish
Scripts
  • Latin
Source
EHRI

Extent and Medium

paper, ink, pencil, 18 pages

Creator(s)

Biographical History

Kazimierz Sakowicz (1894–1944) was a polish journalist from Vilnius. From July 1941 to November 1943, Sakowicz wrote a secret diary recording the mass killings seen from his home and elsewhere in Paneriai. Today, this diary is one of the most important sources in the history of the Holocaust and other Nazi crimes in Paneriai.

Archival History

Sakowicz buried his notes in soda water bottles near a veranda of his house, where they were found after the war. His complex notes were ordered and deciphered in the ’90s by Rachel Margolis PhD, an employee of the Vilna Gaon State Museum. It was discovered that notes form the period between November 1943 to July 1944 were missing.

Acquisition

1998 from Lithuanian Central State Archives

Scope and Content

Killings at Paneriai documented day by day. Fragments of diary handwritten by pencil on 15 pages of various sizes. 3 calendar pages from 1941 with days marked.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Handwritten

Related Units of Description

  • National Museum of Lithuania owns another part of this diary. (D3776)

Publication Note

Kazimierz Sakowicz (2005). Ponary Diary, 1941-1943: A Bystander's Account of a Mass Murder. Yale University Press.

Archivist Note

Entry written by Sarune Sedereviciute based on survey

Rules and Conventions

EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0

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