Records of the Pest District Royal Law Court, 1872-1944
- A Pestvidéki Királyi Törvényszék iratai, 1872-1944
348,82 linear metres Textual records
The Pest District Royal Law Court was created in 1876 and had an authority over all the towns and municipalities in Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County, excluding the capital city Budapest. The members of the Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County were elected judges. The Royal Law Court included a Civil Court and a Criminal Court.
The records of the Pest District Royal Law Court were taken to the Pest County State Archives in the 1950s. The material was re-arranged and described in its present form in 1990 and 2000s.
The collection holds the records of the Pest District Royal Law Court, including the records of the civil court and the records of criminal court as well as land register records. VII.1. a. Presidential Records mostly hold organizational and administrative matters and personnel files VII.1. b. Records of lawsuits and out-of-court settlements from the years 1874-1944, which cover various aspects of the life of Jewish and non-Jewish citizens in Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County. This part of the collection holds civil lawsuits concerning various private law issues, including marriage and divorce, ownership, guardianship and adoption, bankruptcy and warrants, inheritance, testaments, salaries, contracts and other work-related cases, sales, lease and distribution of lands, etc. Several Jewish citizens can be found among the defendants, aggrieved parties and witnesses of the criminal court cases as well. From 1938 onwards, several cases are pertaining to offences connected to the regulations of Jewish laws and other anti-Jewish regulations and bureaucratic antisemitic practices, including cases of trade licenses, Strohman cases and examples of violation of the race-protection law. There are also criminal cases against members of extreme right wing movements and parties, including the Arrow Cross.
The records were arranged into 3 provenance subgroups (állag): Presidential records, Records of lawsuits and out-of-court settlements and Records of land registers, numbered VII. 1.a-c. Within these groups, the files are arranged chronologically, the number of files re-started each year. Records of land registers are arranged by the names of localities (instead of alphabetical order, they are numbered from 1 to 197), and annually.
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Ernő Lakatos, ed. A Magyar Állami Levéltárak fondjegyzéke, Vol. III. A Területi Levéltárak fondjegyzékei Part 13. A Pest Megyei Levéltár fondjainak jegyzéke. Budapest: Magyar Országos Levéltár, 1975.
Description was prepared by László Csősz
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