Records of the Mayor of the Town of Nagykőrös, 1872-1944
- Nagykőrös város polgármesterének iratai, 1872-1944
269, 34 linear metres Textual records
Mayor (polgármester) was the leading official of the towns and cities in Hungary. The mayor was elected by the Municipal Committee and his powers were regulated by the statutes created by the Committee as well as by Act XXI of 1886 (276. §.) The scope of authority of the Mayor was significantly broadened by Act XXX of 1930, which handed over most of the functions of the City Council to the Mayor’s Office. The Mayor’s Office included several departments according to its main administrative and economic functions.
The records of the Mayor’s Office were taken over by its successor, the City Council of Nagykőrös in 1950. The City Council handed over the archival collection of the Mayor’s Office in the 1970s to the Nagykőrös branch of the Pest County State Archives. The collection was re-arranged several times and reached its present form in 2005.
The collection holds the records of the Mayor, the head of the administration of the town of Nagykőrös between 1872 and 1950. Records from the years 1938-1944 include, but not limited to documents concerning the implementation of Jewish Laws and other antisemitic bureaucratic procedures, including the withdrawal of trade licences and permits, quitting rental agreements of Jews, exclusion of Jews from the municipal committee and social organizations, discharge of Jewish private and state employees, registration and expropriation of Jewish landholdings; administrative procedures against Jewish communities, various lists and conscriptions of Jewish traders, companies, real estate, stocks and lands, as well as memoranda, requests and petitions reflecting the antisemitic public mood, denunciations, reports against and investigation of the cases of Jewish individuals and companies, withdraw of weapon permits, protocols of supervision of Jewish shops, inns, factories, pharmacies and other companies, appointments of authorized wholesalers and traders (discrimination against Jewish companies), decisions concerning trade, citizenship requests of Jews, decisions concerning Jewish landholdings and requests for Jewish lands. Wartime records include documents concerning military labour service of Jewish men, social aid to Jewish individuals, including war widows and orphans and family members of military labour servicemen, conversion and name magyarization cases, decisions concerning the work of military labour service companies, conscription lists, antisemitic incidents, activities of extreme right wing organizations and parties, bans of Jewish organizations, including local Zionist groups. The Holocaust-related part of the collection includes the implementation of the anti-Jewish decrees, internment of Jewish individuals, ghettoization, transit camps, the social and economic problems caused by the deportation of Jews, including the lack of doctors and other specialists, cases of Jewish doctors drafted for labour service, expropriation of Jewish wealth, petitions of non-Jewish individuals and organizations for Jewish apartments, shops and other property, decisions of the municipal authorities concerning Jewish apartments and other assets, appointments of wardens and guardians, reports and inventories on factories, stores, shops, vehicles, etc. of Jews, cases of escape, rescue and mitigation, exemption cases, antisemitic propaganda (posters, fliers), reports and denunciations against Jews, dissolution of Jewish communities and institutions and decisions about their real estate and moveable property. Post-Holocaust records include petitions of returning survivors for social aid and restitution, the re-establishment of Jewish organisations, participation of Jews in the social and economic life, including the restart of enterprises and reports about abandoned property.
The collection is divided into 17 provenance groups, numbered V.276. a-q., the most relevant of which are the Presidential records, 1888-1944 (V.276. a.), Classified Records (V. 276. b.), Administrative records, 1872-1944 (V. 276. c.), and Records of military matters, 1872-1944 (V. 276. f.). Administrative records of 1872-1876 are arranged by thematic groups numbered I to V by the major functions of the departments of the mayor’s office. The same system existed between 1886 and 1926, with thematic groups I-IX. Within the thematic groups, the records are arranged by basic numbers, re-started each year. However, in the periods of 1877-1885 and 1927-1933 the records were arranged chronologically, in the order of basic numbers. Between 1933 and 1944 the files were arranged by the four departments of the mayor’s office (Administrative and public welfare department, Economic department, Technical and cultural department, Taxation and financial department). Besides, there is a sub-collection for the administrative records handled separately (mostly records of confidential or special nature) from the years 1886-1944.
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Ernő Lakatos, ed. A Magyar Állami Levéltárak fondjegyzéke, Vol. III. A Területi Levéltárak fondjegyzékei Part 13. A Pest Megyei Levéltár fondjainak jegyzéke. Budapest: Magyar Országos Levéltár, 1975.
The description was prepared by László Csősz
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