Records of the Administrative Committee of Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County, 1876-1944
- Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun Vármegye Közigazgatási Bizottságának iratai 1876-1944
Extent and Medium
1490 fasc., 312 vols., 605 boxes, 472,84 linear metres Textual records
Established by Act VI of 1876, the Administrative Committees of the counties and cities of municipal rights were intended to facilitate cooperation between state and municipal administrative bodies, Headed by the prefect, the Administrative Committee comprised of 5 members of the county or city administration, including the subprefect, the chief notary and the chief public prosecutor, 5 state officials operating on the territory of the given county or city, and 10 members elected by the Municipal Assembly. The Administrative Committee was threefold: it was an appellate authority for certain economic and private cases, a disciplinary authority of state and municipal employees of the given city or county, and it was also a general administrative authority, which organised various subcommittees according to main tasks, such as disciplinary, guardianship and taxation matters, economic, public health, education, etc. The powers and competence of the subcommittees was significantly increased by Act 30 of 1929, and new subcommittees were established.
The minutes of the Administrative Committee and the subcommittees from the years 1909-1932 were lost. The administrative records of the subcommittees were lost, with the exception of the Records of the Economic Subcommittee from the years 1919-1944, which is the most relevant part of the collection. The records of the Administrative Committee were handed over by the County Council to the state archives in the early 1950s. The material was organised into the present fond in the late 1970s.
Scope and Content
The collection holds the records of the Administrative Committee of Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County and its several subcommittees, including minutes of the committee meetings and administrative records. The minutes and the general records contain plenty of information about various aspects of economic life, including taxation and finances, trade licenses and permits, and matters of petty offences, as well as on justice, passports, public education matters, including the matters of Jewish schools, orphans and guardianship, health care, infrastructure and many other matters. The Administrative Committee was the appellate authority for economic and public safety cases under the authority of the municipal administration, therefore the material includes decisions of the committee in cases of Jewish tradesmen, merchants, shop- and innkeepers and other individuals as well as industrial and commercial companies who violated regular economic laws or discriminatory laws, including cases of bureaucratic antisemitism. The most relevant Holocaust-related part of the collection is the Records of the Economic Subcommittee from the years 1920-1944 (IV. 415. c), which decided upon the purchase of or any other financial transaction concerning lands and real estate. According to the regulations of the Second Jewish Law (Act IV of 1939), Jews were not allowed to sell or otherwise transfer any landed property unless approved by the Economic Subcommittee. Therefore these administrative bodies were the main agents of anti-Jewish land policies before the Fourth Jewish Law (Act XXIV of 1942), which confiscated all landed property owned by Jews.
System of Arrangement
The core of the material is the minutes of the Administrative Committee and the subcommittees, which were arranged chronologically. The administrative records of the committees were arranged in provenance subgroups, the number of which was initially 14, and from 1929 it was 10. The minutes were arranged in chronological order. The general records were initially organized by annum, and then by provenance subgroup and basic numbers. However, in the 1970s the material was re-arranged by provenance subgroups, and within these, the records are arranged by subgroups and basic numbers. The present provenance subgroups are numbered IV. 415. a to IV.415. m, the most relevant of which are IV. 415. a. General Assembly and Subcommittee Minutes, 1876-1944; IV. 415. b. General records, 1920-1944; IV. 415. c. Records of the Economic Subcommittee, 1920-1944.
Conditions Governing Access
No restrictions on access
Ernő Lakatos, ed. A Magyar Állami Levéltárak fondjegyzéke, Vol. III. A Területi Levéltárak fondjegyzékei Part 13. A Pest Megyei Levéltár fondjainak jegyzéke. Budapest: Magyar Országos Levéltár, 1975.
Rules and Conventions
EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0