Úřad československého delegáta v komisi pro stíhání válečných zločinců
- The Office of the Czechoslovak delegate in the Commission for Prosecution of War Criminals
- NAD 615
Extent and Medium
15 linear metres of documents from which 11 are processed and inventoried, 4 are not processed. The fonds is accessible.
The Nuremberg trials were the series of military trials held for the prosecution of prominent Nazi leaders in Germany after the WWII. The first and most known trial of 24 “major war criminals” such as Martin Bormann, Hermann Göring or Rudolf Hess etc. was held before the International Military Tribunal from November 20, 1945 to October 1, 1946. This major trial was followed by 12 trials (known as subsequent Nuremberg trials) held before the U.S. Military Tribunals which tried Nazi leaders responsible for other economic, political and military matters of the Third Reich.
The creator of the fonds, the Office of the Czechoslovak delegate in the United Nations Commission for Prosecution of War Criminals (from 1945 known as the Office of the Czechoslovak delegate at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg) was founded in 1943 and its goal was to represent Czechoslovakia in the commission, to cooperate internationally on investigations and to take actions against war criminals from Czechoslovak point of view. In the same time, the office also reported back to the Czechoslovak government and to the Ministry of Interior and Justice (records of interrogations, records of judgements etc.). The office was cancelled in 1949 and the only Czechoslovak delegate who served as the head officer was Bohumil Ečer.
The documents and files of this creator were stored at several Czechoslovak institutions. In 1956, they were transferred to the State Central Archives. During the archival processing in 1960-1961, documents were divided in two fonds: The Office of the Czechoslovak delegate in the Commission for Prosecution of War Criminals contains documents concerning the first Nuremberg trial as well as the administrative records of the office, and the fonds Nuremberg Trials which consists of records from 12 subsequent trials 1946 – 1949. (http://www.badatelna.eu/fond/601/ ).
Scope and Content
The fonds contains the documents and files coming from the office functioning and administration, incomplete records of the International Military Tribunal sessions (hearings and interrogations, various summaries), documentary materials for the trials (such as documents against K. von Neurath or K. H. Frank, documents of investigation and hunt for war criminals), incomplete lists of war criminals, and the correspondence of Bohumil Ečer and his assistant.
System of Arrangement
Documents of the fonds are incomplete, however as it was possible it was arranged according to the chronology (1942 – 1945) and according to the registry numbers (1945 – 1949). Copies of the first trial records is arranged according to the session dates. Lists of war criminals are arranged thematically and alphabetically.
Printed finding aid (find books) is accessible in the archival reading room. The finding aid Nr. 288 is available online on: http://www.badatelna.eu/fond/770
Based on the online inventory http://www.badatelna.eu/fond/770 written by JV
METTRAUX, Guénaël, ed. Perspectives on the Nuremberg Trial. 1st pub. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. xxvii, 799 s. ISBN 978-0-19-923234-5.
WEINDLING, Paul. Nazi medicine and the Nuremberg Trials: from medical warcrimes to informed consent. 1st pub. in pbk. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, ©2004. xii, 482 s. ISBN 0-230-50700-X.
GILBERT, G. M. Nuremberg Diary. New York: Farrar and Straus, 1947. 471 s.
HEBERT, Valerie. Hitler's generals on trial: the last war crimes tribunal at Nuremberg. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, ©2010. xii, 362 s. Modern war studies. ISBN 978-0-7006-1698-5.
ZAJICEK, Karel. Československo a norimberský proces: hlavní dokumenty norimberského procesu o zločinech nacistů proti Československu. 1. vyd. V Praze: Min. informací, 1946. 405, [vii] s., [viii] s. obr. příl.
HELLER, Kevin Jon. The Nuremberg military tribunals and the origins of international criminal law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. xviii, 509 s. ISBN 978-0-19-955431-7.
EČER, Bohuslav. Norimberský soud. 1. vyd. Praha: Orbis, 1946. 380-[VII] s. Sbírka Stopami dějin.
Rules and Conventions
EHRI Guidelines for Description v.1.0
Dates of Descriptions