Національний музей історії України у Другій світовій війні. Меморіальний комплекс
- National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War. Memorial complex
- Natsionalnyi muzey istorii Ukrainy u Druhii svitovii viyni. Memorialnyi kompleks
- Національний музей історії Великої Вітчизняної війни. National Museum of the Great Patriotic War. Natsionalnyi muzey istorii Velykoi Vitchyznyanoi Viyny
In June 1943, in the middle of the battle for liberation of Ukraine, the Republic's government made a decision to create a museum of the Great Patriotic War of the Ukrainian people. However, other priority issues, like reconstruction and development of the economy, postponed the implementation of this decision till 70s of the previous century. The Republican exhibition named The Guerillas of Ukraine in Their Fight against Fascist German Invaders, opened in 1946, is considered to be one of the main predecessors of the modern museum. At the time of opening, the collection included 13 thousand exhibits. After closure of the exhibition in 1950, its materials were transferred to the exhibits’ depository of the State Historic Museum; in 1970 it hosted a task force with the mission of founding a museum of the war history. Klovsky Palace, where The Ukrainian State Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 was located in 1974-1981 Klovsky Palace, where The Ukrainian State Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 was located in 1974-1981 The Ukrainian State Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 was established in commemoration of 30th anniversary of Ukraine's liberation from the Nazi invaders on Pechersk hills in the former Klovsky Palace on 17 October 1974. It immediately drew attention of the public and numerous visitors. It became obvious that scale of the topic and rich collection demand different scientific concept and special premises. The work started to establish Memorial complex named The Ukrainian State Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, which was finally opened on 9 May 1981. Construction work performed on the main square of the Memorial Construction work performed on the main square of the Memorial The museum is the biggest in Ukraine in terms of its size and importance. Its collection, which is permanently replenished, includes more than 300 thousand exhibits. This enables to refresh the main exposition and permanent relic expositions named Tragedy and Valor of Afghanistan and Wars on Foreign Soil, as well as to create numerous annual exhibitions. Nowadays, the Memorial is a leading research, scientific, methodological, cultural and educational center of military history of Ukraine. Over 24 million visitors from almost 200 countries have familiarized themselves with its expositions. Taking into account the importance of the Memorial Complex as a unique memory sight of the national culture, as well as to preserve its historic and cultural values, the museum was granted National status by a decree of the President of Ukraine dated 21 June 1996. Since then, the museum bears the name of the Memorial complex «The National Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945».
Museum holds various artefacts connected to the History of 1941-1945 World War II and Holocaust at the territory of Soviet Ukraine.
The current exposition was established in October 1994 - May 1995. The priority is given to Ukrainian topicality and Ukraine's contribution to the victory over Nazism. A great deal of attention is paid to other sectors of Soviet-German front, large-scale battles of World War II, creation and activity of Anti-Hitler Coalition, and to heroism and sacrifices of the nation. The main exposition including 15 thousand museum exhibits is laid out in 16 halls with the total area of 5 thousand square meters. The exposition is featured by its symbols and images created with the aid of genuine easily perceived and remembered historic materials. The exposition of all halls is united around pivotal idea called The Road of War.
Museum is opened all days in the week, betweem 9 am and 6 pm.