Displaying items 17,901 to 17,920 of 17,936
  1. Commission des Camps des Oeuvres Israélites d’Assistance aux Réfugiés

    • Commission des Camps

    Founded in 1941-01

    Dr. Joseph Weill took part in the creation of the Commission des Camps des Oeuvres Israélites d’Assistance aux Réfugiés in 1941-01. He tried to made immediate improvements in the atrocious internment conditions in close conjunction with the Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants.

  2. Hilfsverein für jüdische Flüchtlinge im Shanghai

    • HIJEFS

    Founded in 1941

    The Hilfsverein für jüdische Flüchtlinge im Shanghai was founded by Recha Sternbuch and her husband, Isaac, in 1941, with the objective of assisting rabbinical students who had fled to the Far East. It soon expanded its activities to include the provision of passports to non-religious Jews from many European countries and changed its name to Hilfsverein für jüdische Flüchtlinge im Ausland.

  3. SS-Totenkopfverbände

    The SS-Hauptamt was founded in 1935, it was the Supreme Command of the Allgemeine SS, SS-Verfügungstruppe and SS-Totenkopfverbände.

  4. Nationalsozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps

    • National Socialist Motor Corps
    • NSKK


    The aim of the Nationalsozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps was to educate its members in motoring skills. They were mainly trained in the operation and maintenance of high performance motorcycles and automobiles. The NSKK also functioned as a roadside assistance group in the mid 1930s.

  5. Delegatura Rządu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej na Kraj

    • The Government Delegation for Poland


    Delegatura Rządu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej na Kraj was a conspiratorial agency in the country of the Rząd Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej na uchodźstwie (Polish Government-in-Exile) from 1940 till 1945. It was part of the Polskie Państwo Podziemne (Polish Underground State). It organized civil administration and was preparing the conditions for the polish government for assuming power in liberated Poland. It also created local administration, secret schools, recorded losses and crimes against the Polish nation, developed plans for the future of Western and Northern territories and organized “Żego...

  6. Service Social d'Aide aux Emigrants

    • Association of Social Assistance for Migrants
    • SSAE

    Founded in 1921

    The Service Social d'Aide aux Emigrants organized the delivery of social services to migrants through its local branches.

  7. Reichsschrifttumskammer

    • RSK

    Founded in 1933-09-22

    The Reichsschrifttumskammer sought to control all aspects of the world of literature. Founded as part of Josef Goebbels's Reichskulturkammer under a Law of 1933-09-22, the Reichsschrifttumskammer kept watch not only over writers and what they wrote, but over the Germany book industry as a whole: publishing houses, literary agencies, and libraries also fell under its auspices.

  8. Les Chantiers de la Jeunesse

    • The Chantiers

    Founded in 1940-07

    Les Chantiers de la Jeunesse was founded in 1940-07 and headed by General Joseph de La Porte du Theil, who had been an active figure in the Boy Scout movement and who used the Boy Scout motto, ‘be prepared’. This organization was originally intended as an emergency measure to find work for six months for men who had been demobilized or were of draft age. Over 92,000 had been called up for military service in 1940-05, but the war ended before they were a part of a military unit. In a sense the Chantiers replaced conscription. The Chantiers became a mandatory body under the authority of the S...

  9. Nederlandse Regering in ballingschap

    • Dutch Government-in-Exile

    Founded in 1940-05-13

    After the invasion of Nazi Germany, Queen Wilhelmina der Nederlanden fled to the United Kingdom, London, on 1940-05-13. The Dutch Ministery followed the next day.

  10. Polski Komitet Wyzwolenia Narodowego

    • Polish Committee of National Liberation
    • PKWN

    Founded in 1944-07-21

    The formation of Polski Komitet Wyzwolenia Narodowego was announced on 1944-07-21, the day after the first red Army troops crossed the Western Bug River into German-occupied Poland. On 1944-07-26 the Soviet Union officially recognized the PKWN as the sovereign government of Poland. Two rival Polish governments now existed: the one in London recognized by the Western Allies, and the Soviet-sponsored committee in Lublin. On 1944-08-31, the Soviet-sponsored PKWN, Poland’s provisional communist government, stated that it would bring to justice Germans and Poles who had collaborated with the Ger...

  11. Militärbefehlshaber Serbien

    • Military Commander of Serbia

    Founded in 1941-04-21

    The German military government in Serbia was established by an order of the chief of the Oberkommando des Heeres, Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch, of 1941-04-21. This order, effective on 1941-04-22 and implemented by a series of others, established the Militaerbefehlshaber Serbien as the chief of the occupation regime.

  12. Mouvement National Belgique

    • Belgisch Nationale Beweging
    • BNB

    The Mouvement National Belgique was a non-Jewish, wartime, underground movement formed by Belgian army officers.

  13. Mouvement Social Révolutionnaire

    • MSR

    Founded in 1936

    The Mouvement Social Révolutionnaire was founded in 1936 by Eugène Deloncle from members of the secret, extreme Cagoule (Secret Committee of Revolutionary Action), which had been backed, as was the MSR, by Eugène Schueller, the anti-Semite, who in 1910 invented the hair dye he called L’Oréal and made a fortune. Its activities included the destruction of synagogues in Paris, seven in one night in 1941-10, and the confiscation of Jewish property, both with the help of the SS.

  14. Narodowa Demokracja

    • National Democratic Party
    • ND

    The Narodowa Demokracja was created by nationalists.

  15. Reichssicherheitshauptamtes-Amtes III SD-Inland

    • RSHA-Amtes III SD-Inland

    The Reichssicherheitshauptamtes SD-Ämter III Inland was headed by Otto Ohlendorf.

  16. Sicherheitsdienst Leitabschnitt Königsberg

    • SD Leitabschnitt Königsberg

    The Sicherheitsdienst was an intelligence and surveillance organization, established in 1931 under Reinhard Heydrich. Among its major tasks were monitoring real or imagined enemies of national socialism and reporting on the state of opinion among the German public. The SD was widely represented, for example with an office in Königsberg.

  17. Kommunistiko Komma Elladas

    • Communist Party of Greece
    • KKE


    The Kommunistiko Komma Elladas was founded in 1918-11, as working class consciousness grew and the revolutionary theory of Marxism and Leninism spreader in Greece. With only short periods of legal operation, KKE was from that time on until 1974-09 banned and forced to work under conditions of clandestinely. Greece was occupied by Hitler’s Nazi troops in the spring of 1941, and KKE became the mainstay of the National Resistance, which represented the overwhelming majority of the Greek people, providing a beacon of hope for a better and more just future.