Archival Descriptions

Country: Romania close
  1. Counter-espionage of civilian population. Legionnaires, communists, espionage, terrorism, sabotage.

    Lists of suspicious and presumed dangerous persons from various districts of Moldova. Reports of minor events and incidents in the region. A number of 20 Jews are taken, hostage in Botosani and kept in a synagogue. Similar actions are reported from other cities. Detailed report from the Regional Inspectorate of Police in Iassy from July 27, 1941, describing the mood of the population and its attitude toward the Jewish minority in various localities. A biased report on the massacre of the Jews in Iassy, says that the German troops from the German Organization Todt did kill the Jews in the ba...

  2. Underground propaganda.

    1.IV - 28.VI, 1940. A bible erroneously translated is distributed to the troops. Information on activity of Hungarian chauvinists. List of brochures confiscated from various sources. Information regarding the German Youth organization (DJ). Lists of magazines and publications imported. Request to bar “Neue Zurcher Zeitung. Material propagandistic Magyar reported. The Magyar minority disposes of political and ethnical organizations. Lists of leaders and members of those organizations. The German minority is organized in the “Volksgemeinschaft” and is under the influence of the National Socia...

  3. Organization of army mobilization for temporary service

    Regulations for maintaining secrecy: correspondence, picture taking etc. Creation of Censoring services for news release and personal correspondence. Restrictions of military service for some minorities. Orders and regulations after the occupation of Bessarabia and the Northern Bucovina by the Soviets. Due to the supposed non-patriotic attitude of the Jews in the province Moldova, every contact with army personnel is forbidden. Confidential reports regarding the actions of the Soviets in the occupied territories. The association German Embassy hat sent letters denigrating the Romanian state...

  4. Various orders and dispositions

    Various orders and dispositions regarding the Jews. Military personnel bring into Romania, over the Dniester, women, which they use for personal domestic work. This is strictly forbidden because these persons could spy for the enemy. Dispositions to prevent the frequent fires at military depots and establishments. Dispositions related to citizens of foreign countries and those with Nansen passports. Order from Maresal Antonescu to exclude from the Army officers that are obese. Norms to establish obesity. Kinds of physical exercise recommended. Remuneration of Jews for labor performed. Offic...

  5. General Headquarters. Mobil Command Post. Miscellaneous.

    Vol. XIII. 28.VII - 30.IX, 1941. 5-th Army Corps, Problems related to the conquest of Bessarabia. Creation of pre-military work units. Reports of execution of various works by the Technical Army Corps (Pioneers). Reports of plundering and acts of barbarism by the troops in the occupied territories. Iuliu Maniu requests to cease military operations after Bessarabia and Bucovina are liberated. Antonescu replies there are Romanians up until the Dnieper. Abusive behavior of the Ukrainian Police East of the Dniester. No Romanian currency allowed there. Frictions between the German Police and the...

  6. Various orders and dispositions

    Various orders and dispositions regarding forced labor of Jews. Directives for the discovery of infiltration of Russian agents dressed in Romanian military uniforms and carrying documents from Romanian military who were killed or are prisoners. Directives and orders form the General Staff showing an amelioration of the regime of forced labor for the Jews. Interdiction for Jews to work or be present in administrative offices. No Jewish craftsmen are allowed in military workshops. They will work in shops outside the limits of military barracks or office areas. Transfer of material from archiv...

  7. Reports

    of mobilization, evacuations and internment of Jews (Jidani). Evacuation of Jews from Moghilau to the Northern part of Transnistria, for military reasons. Creation of ghettos for Jews. Report of 6,500 and of 8,000 Jews from Bessarabia and Bucovina sent over the Bug; other 60,000 are assembled in Berezovka waiting to be transferred. A report of the Jewish Committee for the coordination of the work force and for assistance of the Jews in Moghilev, sent to the Jewish Center in Bucharest, is intercepted by the censor; it generates admiration at the Commandment of the III-d Army for the organiza...

  8. Instructions

    for the guarding of the territory, given to the military Units responsible for various portions of the territory. The massacre in Jassy on 28/29 June was provoked by “ soviet agents and the judeo-communist population” as signed by the chief of the Romanian General Staff General Ioanitiu, in a letter criticizing the reaction of the Romanian military. Instructions for the administration of the province Transnistria. A booklet of the Soviet army, titled “Means of warfare of the Soviet partisan units” was translated and distributed for information. Accord between the German and Romanian authori...

  9. General Headquarters. Mobil Command Post. Miscellaneous.

    Vol. XII. 218.VI - 30.VII. Brochures showing the longtime camaraderie in arms between the Romanian and German people; to be translated and sent to all German units on the common front. Also a newspaper “Sentinela” and daily radio transmissions on the same subject shall be initiated. All this due to an accident of friendly fire. The Jewish population accused of abetting the spread of damaging rumors. Border policy and regulation. Overloading of railroad lines, leading to lack of foodstuff and military clothing on the frontlines. Jews from Galicia cross the Dniester on boats into Romanian ter...

  10. General Headquarters. Mobil Command Post. Miscellaneous.

    Vol. VII. 15.VII - 12.VIII, 1941. Winston Churchill’s speech on July 14, 1941. Short notes on the war on other fronts. Report from German headquarters of the situation on the Russian front. Counter-informative reports on activities of the legionnaires, the Russian émigrés, the Heads of the Jewish Community, the leaders of the Communist party, acts of sabotage etc. Reports on military operations. Bombing of Ploiesti. Texts of radio transmissions from a pirate station, from the Comintern radio stations and from the TASS agency. On July 20, 1941 the creation of internment camps for the Jewish ...

  11. Occupation troops between the Dniester and Dnieper.

    Orders and instructions given to the occupation troops of the 4-th Army, for guarding the territory between the two rivers. Decree of administrative organization of the province Transnistria. List of military units allocated. Text of the “accord” determining the safety, administration and economical development in Transnistria and the territory between the Bug and the Dnieper. Letter from Hitler to Antonescu. Organization of the administration, lines of communication. Infrastructure and military preparedness in Transnistria. The explosion of the military headquarters in Odessa: results, cle...

  12. General Headquarters. Mobil Command Post. Miscellaneous.

    Vol. XI. 18.VII - 27.VIII, 5-th Army Corps, Conflict between Romania and Hungary is solved. Organization of liberated territories in Bessarabia. Situation of infrastructure. Rebuilding of wired services between Bucovina and Bessarabia. Regime of Jews used for forced labor. Various administrative measures in those territories. Cost of expenses used to fight against the Bolshevik peril. 10,500 Jews transferred to West banc of the Dniester by German Army. Instructions for the commandant (future) of Odessa. Situation of military transports. The assets of the kolkhozes. Administrative organizati...

  13. Correspondence.

    The armament collected from the legionnaires after the rebellion of 22 - 24 January 1941. 16.I - 31.III, 1941. Orders sent to all Units to collect, clean and store the armament left after the rebellion. Also to be collected all the materials taken by the rebel bands from businesses and private homes. Also to be reported all the arrests performed. Reports received from districts. Reports requested from military units of armament and ammunition missing and for establishing the culprits and put them under arrest. Results of chasing after known legionnaires and of searches. Reports on political...

  14. Propaganda, Counter-propaganda, Intelligence, Censorship

    Organization of mobile control groups. The legionnaire activity. Detailed reports on cases of false identity, insubordination, legionnaire propaganda, defiant behavior of the German minority, chauvinist movement among the Hungarian population; various individual cases, and measures taken. New rules and regulations for political activity. A German poem defamatory for Romania is shown by a drunk German soldier. Complaints about the disdainful behavior of the German military toward the Romanian “comrades in arms”. Several facts were verified and confirmed as true. A revival of the political pa...

  15. Secret correspondence

    General Staff recommends decent treatment of strangers and minorities. Orders regarding handling of goods and factories in the occupied territories of Northern Bucovina and Bessarabia. Assignment of personnel for various activities. Collaboration with the German military. Organization of counter-espionage services. Inventories of war material left by the Soviets. Instructions for various situations like parachutists, partisans and infiltration of enemy troops. Brochure titled ”Lessons from the campaign against the Soviet Union “ 1941. Instructions for administrative organization of the terr...

  16. Problems related to Jews.

    Proposal to evacuate Jews ages 15 - 50 from towns in operation zones of the Army. On 30/6 Antonescu orders a curfew for Jews and placing them in guarded places during the night hours. Also hostages will be taken from Jews, communists, to be shot at the first signs of rebellion. The problem of transferring masses of Jews East of the Dniester and the Germans turning them back on the West banc. The Jews already in Transnistria will stay there until taken over by the Germans with whom a convention in this matter was signed. (Tiraspol, Oct.11, 1941). Orders to prevent contacts between Jews and t...

  17. Remarks

    Terrorist activities, sabotage, espionage, partisans, Atrocities committed by German-Hungarian troops. Dec. 20, 1944 and up to April. 25, 1945.Capture of two Hungarian partisans. Information regarding creation of a school of partisans in Hungary, to commit acts of sabotage in Romania. Hungarian partisans and terrorists infiltrated into Romanian territory. Material based on interrogations of apprehended terrorists. Reports of atrocities committed by German troops in the battle against the Soviet troops, killing and wounding a great many Romanian military. Information on the activity of the G...

  18. Documents related to the activity of partisans

    Text of first Ordinance to be distributed after crossing the Dniester. The German Kommandatur advises the General Staff in re of listening to foreign radio transmissions. Brochure on Soviet parachutists and partisans. Complaints by Romanian Military in re of attitude of German troops towards civilian population. A number of Ordinances issued for the civilian population. Activity of Censoring Services. Information regarding minorities: Ukrainians, poles etc. NB. A number of pages were taken out by the Security Services in 1958-1962.

  19. Orders and requests.

    Orders of permanent nature, for military personnel and organization. Colonization of Bessarabia. Request to settle there, from a number of NC officers. Officers’ wives requested to perform duties at social services. Instructions regulating the duties of Jews in the working brigades. Order from Antonescu to limit the body weight of the officers to 75 Kg. Obligatory physical exercises are instituted. Casa Ostirii (Army Club): description, history, functions.

  20. Suspicious elements in the Army

    Communists, Legionnaires, Irredentists, Sectants, terrorists. Due to the international situation, an increase in the activities of various factions requires higher vigilance in the detection of suspicious elements in the armed forces. Under suspicion are officers of German origin (Saxons, swabs). Reports and analyses of personnel from various minorities and provinces: German, Ukrainian, Hungarian, Bessarabia, Transylvania.