Archival Descriptions

Displaying items 37,521 to 37,540 of 48,473
  1. Maurice A. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Maurice A., who was born in 1912, and lived in Thessalonike?, Greece. He recounts his father's death when he was fifteen; serving briefly in the Greek military in Peloponnesus; returning to Thessalonike? after German occupation; anti-Jewish measures; ghettoization; refusing to escape due to his reluctance to leave his family; their deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; horrendous conditions during the six day trip; separation from his family upon arrival; meeting his brother who arrived with the next transport; transfer to Buna/Monowitz; obtaining a privileged position a...

  2. Herman L. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Herman L., who was born in Thessalonike?, Greece in 1926. He recounts his family's long history in Salonika; Jewish life; German invasion in 1941; anti-Jewish restrictions; fleeing with his friends to Drama; their arrest attempting to cross the Turkish border; frequent torture during six months in a Gestapo jail in Belgrade; transfer by train to a Greek jail in Thessalonike? in March 1943; assistance from a Greek friend; deportation to Birkenau in August 1943; his assigned job carrying corpses; transfer to Warsaw after the ghetto revolt in August 1943; mass killings d...

  3. Frantiska V. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Frantiska V., who was born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovkia) in 1936, the second of two children. She recounts her father's successful medical practice; their affluent and assimilated lifestyle (her parents were atheists and she did not know she was Jewish); shipping their furniture to England, anticipating emigration; not "making it" across the border; forced closing of her father's practice in 1939; having to leave home with her parents and brother; living with a German family until 1940, then in a country cabin; returning to Bratislava when it becam...

  4. Judith P. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Judith P., who was born in Nagyrozva?gy, Hungary in 1925, the oldest of seven children. She recalls her affluent home; antisemitic laws; her father's conscription for forced labor; visiting him in a nearby camp; his release; refusing a Hungarian friend's offer of her papers in order to stay with her family; their deportation to the Sa?toraljau?jhely ghetto in April 1944, then to Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from all her family except two sisters; sorting possessions of those gassed; finding her relatives' clothing; throwing jewelry and cash in latrines; difficult re...

  5. Doris U. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Doris U., who was born in Tomaszo?w Lubelski, Poland in 1920. She recalls the warmth of family observances of Sabbath and holidays; her mother's death in 1933; her father's remarriage; cordial relations with non-Jews; German invasion; her father's humiliation when forced to cut his beard; hiding; discovery; the Germans fleeing; Soviet occupation; fleeing to Rava-Ru?ska; deportation to a forced labor camp in Siberia; her grandfather's death due to hunger; attempts at maintaining religious observance; moving to Bii?sk; marriage; her son's birth; assistance from Russian ...

  6. Ilse W. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Ilse W., who was born in Rotenburg, Germany in 1927. She recalls anti-Jewish harassment; her older brother attending a Jewish boarding school in Kassel; moving to Frankfurt in 1936 hoping it would be safer if they were in a bigger city; attending Jewish school (the Philanthropin) with her brother; increasing isolation; a former maid who smuggled food to them; and difficulty comprehending their changing situation. Mrs. W. recounts Kristallnacht; her father's arrest and incarceration in Buchenwald; his release and emigration to Holland; leaving for England in June 1939 ...

  7. Imre K. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Imre K., a Nobel prize laureate in literature, who was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1929. He recounts his family background; their assimilated, Hungarian life style; his parents' divorce when he was five; being sent to an a boys boarding school; his parents' remarriages about six years later; dividing his time between his parents; compulsory religious education in school; segregation of the Jewish students in gymnasium; German invasion in March 1944; his father's death in a Hungarian slave labor battalion; deportation to Auschwitz; transfer to Buchenwald when he was c...

  8. Sherry G. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Sherry G., who was born in Utena, Lithuania in 1926. She recounts her father's emigration to the United States six months after her birth (he planned to bring her and her mother later); her mother's death when she was three and a half; living with her maternal aunt in Kaunas; being smuggled to Pastavy (then Poland) to live with her paternal family; attending school; active participation in Hashomer Hatzair; close relations with her young cousins; being smuggled back to Kaunas when her father sent for her in 1938 or 1939; traveling through Germany with her aunt's frien...

  9. Jack P. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Jack P., who was born in Koniecpol, Poland in 1915. He speaks of prewar family life; moving as a boy to the larger town of Częstochowa; his family's flight after the German occupation in 1939; and their return a short time later to the beginning of ghettoization. He relates his and his brother's flight to Russian occupied territory and his return to Częstochowa in 1941 to be with his parents. He discusses life in the ghetto; the liquidation of the Częstochowa ghetto; his selection for slave labor in factories in the remaining "small ghetto"; his unsuccessful attemp...

  10. Hedva Z. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Hedva Z., who was born in Maria?nske? La?zne?, Czechoslovakia. She recounts living in Jas?o, then Przemys?l; attending university in L?viv; antisemitic harassment; working as a nurse in Kolomyi?a?; marriage in December 1939; living in Kosiv; Soviet occupation; confiscation of her husband's businesses; moving to Kolomyi?a?; German invasion; mass killings; sheltering orphaned children; ghettoization; supervising an orphanage; a former maid smuggling food to them; hiding the children during round-ups; assistance from the head of the Judenrat, Mordecai Horowitz; her paren...

  11. Shalom S. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Shalom S., who was born in Kovno, Lithuania in 1920. He discusses the prewar situation of the Jews in Lithuania, including Lithuanian antisemitism; the Russian occupation from 1939 to 1941; the German occupation; his flight with a small group to Russia; and the death of two of his brothers on the way home. He speaks of the collaboration of Lithuanian "partisans" with the Nazis in the round-up of Jews; the establishment of the Kovno ghetto; daily killings and other aspects of life in the ghetto; and the "Great Aktion" in which all the Jews were assembled for deportatio...

  12. Jan V. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Jan V., who was born in Rumbeke, Belgium in 1922, the oldest of three children in a religious Catholic family. He recounts living in Louvain from age three; attending Catholic school; participating in Scouting; German invasion in May 1940; traveling with his cousin to Tournai, then Rouen to enlist; being shipped by train to Anduze, France; repatriation about six weeks later; living briefly in Tongeren; priesthood training in monasteries in Bocholt for two years, in Gits for two years, then in Thy-le-Château; arrest in July 1944 with thirteen others from the monastery...

  13. Isak and Ann F. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Isak F., who was born in Wolbrom, Poland in 1922. He recounts his father's death when he was a baby; his mother supporting four children; her remarriage when he was ten; studying and working in Be?dzin and ?o?dz? beginning in 1936; returning home in summer 1939; German invasion; capture by SS men (he never saw his family again); slave labor in Rzeszo?w for a year; transfer to P?aszo?w, Wieliczka, Klinker, Flossenbu?rg, Bergen-Belsen, Sachsenhausen, Colmar, Hamburg, and Bergen,Belsen; escaping with a Soviet POW; capture; imprisonment in Hamburg; transfer to Sandbostel ...

  14. Julius O. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Julius O., who was born in Schwarzenborn, Germany in 1923. He recalls hostility toward Jews after 1933; attending public school until 1937; a carpentry apprenticeship in Kassel; repairing roads in Schwarzenborn after Kristallnacht; attending a Jewish trade school in Frankfurt; and factory work from 1940 to October 1941 in Frankfurt. He describes joining his family in Kassel when they received notice of deportation in November 1941; their transport to Ri?ga; his transfer to Salaspils; brutal beatings and killings of prisoners; work as a carpenter; repairing SS officers...

  15. Jack Z. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Jack Z., who was born in Volodymyr-Volyns?kyi?, Russia (Poland after World War I) in 1913. He recalls one sister's emigration; attending university in Warsaw; anti-Jewish violence; working in his uncle's factory; digging anti-tank ditches during German invasion; fleeing to his hometown; Soviet occupation; marriage; his daughter's birth; German invasion; formation of a Judenrat; mass killings of Jews; escaping from the ghetto in 1942; a non-Jew hiding and feeding him; returning to the ghetto; learning his wife, daughter, father, and sister had been killed; immediately ...

  16. Theresa D. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Theresa D., who was born in Košice, Czechoslovakia in 1920, the younger of two daughters. She recounts moving to Antwerp in 1929 and Paris in 1932; her family's orthodoxy; feeling safe until the outbreak of war in 1939; traveling to Bayonne by train, hoping to emigrate by ship; traveling to Toulouse after the last ship left; rumors that Germans were coming; traveling to Luchon; her sister's marriage; moving to Lyon two months later; establishing a fur business; marriage in 1942; her husband receiving a notice for forced labor; being smuggled to Switzerland; being cau...

  17. Arthur B. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Arthur B., who was born in Os?wie?cim, Poland in 1928. He recalls German invasion; an unsuccessful attempt to flee to the Soviet zone with his family; organization of the community by the Judenrat; the building of Auschwitz; forced relocation with his family to Sosnowiec in April 1941; Moshe Merin's leadership there; separation from his parents during a round-up in August 1942; deportation for forced labor in Gru?snberg; receiving packages from his parents until August 1943; transfer to Kittlitztreben; a death march beginning February 3, 1945; arrival at Buchenwald on...

  18. Samuel B. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Samuel B., who was born in Vilna, Poland in 1933. Mr. B. recounts his childhood perspective on the Russian occupation of Vilna; the arrival of the German army; and German anti-Jewish activities. He recalls arrival at Vilna's "old ghetto" with his parents; hiding outside of the ghetto in a monastery, through the arrangement of a baptized aunt; and being forced by circumstances to smuggle themselves back into the ghetto. He describes conditions within the ghetto; the ghetto's school; his own private education; his artistic activities within the ghetto; and his family's ...

  19. Paulina B. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Paulina B., a Catholic Romani, who was born in Banská Bystrica, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1919, one of twelve children. She recalls her family's poverty; living on a farm; caring for the animals; her father's death; not attending school; working as a mason from age fourteen; marriage at seventeen; the births of two children; her husband's death three years later; persecution by Germans and Hlinka guard; Romanies helping each other; her children's deaths due to lack of medical care; hiding with her mother and sisters in the basement of a neighbor's home, ...

  20. Rabbi Henry B. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Rabbi Henry B., who was born in Fu?rth, Germany, in 1907. He speaks of family life before the war; antisemitism in Furth; his experience on Kristallnacht in Frankfurt am Main; and his 1940 departure for Cuba, from where he later emigrated to the United States. He stresses that antisemitism existed in Germany before Hitler, recalling the increasing repression and the persecution of German Jews before the outbreak of war. He also describes his return to Germany in 1950 to visit his father's grave; his brief stint as the head rabbi in Lima, Peru; and his anger at the Uni...