Language of Description: English
Country: United States
  1. World Jewish Congress

    This fonds is incredibly rich in information regarding the relation of the WJC with Belgium and the Belgian Jewish community, the refugee question before the war, the Shoah in Belgium, the immediate postwar reconstruction and relief effort, the restitution issue, Jews in the former Belgian Congo, … The files in “Series A. Central Files” (1919-1976) contain correspondence, minutes, records of conferences, and miscellaneous other materials. In its “Subseries 2. Executive Files” – holding files of several WJC leaders – we note the files “Belgium, Kubowitzki, Aryeh L.” (box A9, folder nr. 17; y...

  2. Shalom S. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Shalom S., who was born in Kovno, Lithuania in 1920. He discusses the prewar situation of the Jews in Lithuania, including Lithuanian antisemitism; the Russian occupation from 1939 to 1941; the German occupation; his flight with a small group to Russia; and the death of two of his brothers on the way home. He speaks of the collaboration of Lithuanian "partisans" with the Nazis in the round-up of Jews; the establishment of the Kovno ghetto; daily killings and other aspects of life in the ghetto; and the "Great Aktion" in which all the Jews were assembled for deportatio...

  3. Jan V. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Jan V., who was born in Rumbeke, Belgium in 1922, the oldest of three children in a religious Catholic family. He recounts living in Louvain from age three; attending Catholic school; participating in Scouting; German invasion in May 1940; traveling with his cousin to Tournai, then Rouen to enlist; being shipped by train to Anduze, France; repatriation about six weeks later; living briefly in Tongeren; priesthood training in monasteries in Bocholt for two years, in Gits for two years, then in Thy-le-Château; arrest in July 1944 with thirteen others from the monastery...

  4. Isak and Ann F. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Isak F., who was born in Wolbrom, Poland in 1922. He recounts his father's death when he was a baby; his mother supporting four children; her remarriage when he was ten; studying and working in Be?dzin and ?o?dz? beginning in 1936; returning home in summer 1939; German invasion; capture by SS men (he never saw his family again); slave labor in Rzeszo?w for a year; transfer to P?aszo?w, Wieliczka, Klinker, Flossenbu?rg, Bergen-Belsen, Sachsenhausen, Colmar, Hamburg, and Bergen,Belsen; escaping with a Soviet POW; capture; imprisonment in Hamburg; transfer to Sandbostel ...

  5. Betsy S. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Betsy S., who was born in Brussels, Belgium in 1928. She recounts that her parents were Polish immigrants; German invasion in May 1940; her father continuing his business until 1942; meeting her future husband who was involved in the Resistance; going into hiding with her family; their arrest in June 1944; incarceration in Malines; deportation to Birkenau; separation from her father and brother (they did not survive); the trauma of not recognizing her mother after they were shaved; singing French songs while marching to Auschwitz; separation from her mother (she did n...

  6. Marion P. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Marion P., a Christian rescuer who was born in Amsterdam in 1920. She discusses the situation of the Jewish community in Holland before the war; German occupation in 1940; and the anti-Jewish propaganda and legalized persecution that gradually followed. Mrs. P. tells of witnessing a round-up of Jewish children, which prompted her to become more active in the rescue of Jews and relates how, working through an unofficial network rather than a formal branch of the underground, she effected the rescue of Jewish children and adults. She notes problems arising from the clos...

  7. Julius O. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Julius O., who was born in Schwarzenborn, Germany in 1923. He recalls hostility toward Jews after 1933; attending public school until 1937; a carpentry apprenticeship in Kassel; repairing roads in Schwarzenborn after Kristallnacht; attending a Jewish trade school in Frankfurt; and factory work from 1940 to October 1941 in Frankfurt. He describes joining his family in Kassel when they received notice of deportation in November 1941; their transport to Ri?ga; his transfer to Salaspils; brutal beatings and killings of prisoners; work as a carpenter; repairing SS officers...

  8. Sibylle H. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Sibylle H., a non-Jew, who was born in Berlin, Germany in 1920. She recalls living in a wealthy area with Jewish families; moving to Wannsee at age eleven; her family's anti-Hitler sentiments; her father's death in 1933; her only Jewish classmate's emigration to England; attending the 1936 Olympics; her mother's death; working as a hospital nurse; and dismay when her friend (her guardian's daughter) was pleased by the Kristallnacht destruction. Mrs. H. recounts a former mental hospital where the patients disappeared; rumors of their suspicious deaths; marriage in 1941...

  9. Musya V. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Musya V., who was born in Brat?s?lav, Ukraine in 1927. She recalls finishing seventh grade; German invasion; Romanians organizing local police; the murder of Jewish hostages and others at the Bug River; ghettoization; forced labor; arrival of Jews from Bukovina and Bessarabia; shootings of many during transfer to Pechora; transfer to a camp in Brat?s?lav; escaping with aid from a Russian girl; the girl's father hiding her (he helped many Jews); her parents hiding nearby; being caught while visiting them; their incarceration in Pechora; and liberation by Soviet troops....

  10. Aaron S. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Aaron S., who was born in De?blin, Poland in 1921. He recalls his family's relative affluence; attending public school and cheder; pervasive antisemitism; German invasion; fleeing with his family to Ryki, then a village; returning to De?blin; ghettoization; forced labor at the airport; moving into the adjacent work camp with his brother; deportation of two uncles and an aunt (he never saw them again); the arrival of Slovak Jews; arranging for his parents and sister to join him; his father's death from a beating in November 1942; the role of prisoners in running the ca...

  11. Herbert L. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Herbert L., who was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1917. He relates growing up in Vienna; working in Zli?n after graduating from the School of Electric Engineering; German invasion; eighteen months of slave labor; transfer to Terezi?n in March 1941; avoiding deportation by joining the Jewish police and designing furniture; his depression caused by observing the deprivations of the women and children, deportations, and typhus; artificial improvement of conditions during a Red Cross visit; and transfer to Auschwitz on October 3, 1944. Mr. L. describes witnessing a Ge...

  12. Lilly R. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Lilly R., who was born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia in 1924. She remembers a happy childhood; German occupation; antisemitic restrictions; living on a hachsharah (training farm) in Brno; her father and brother being rounded-up; returning to Ostrava; her father and brother returning; traveling to Prague to obtain documents for her father; studying at a Jewish school in Prague; returning to Ostrava; deportation to Theresienstadt; working in the gardens; smuggling food to her family; deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau with camp officials including Fredy Hirsch (her parents ...

  13. Fay S. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Fay S., who was born in Zwolen?, Poland in 1919, the oldest of five children. She recalls her family's affluence; antisemitic violence; marriage in 1937; moving to Radom; her son's birth; German invasion; moving to Zwolen? to avoid bombings; staying with a non-Jewish farmer; returning to Radom; ghettoization; living outside the ghetto due to her husband's job; rumors that children and women were to be relocated; paying a non-Jew to take her son; visiting him frequently; slave labor in a munitions factory; learning her mother had brought her son to Zwolen? (she never s...

  14. George Z. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of George Z., who was born in Katowice, Poland in 1933, an only child, and raised in Będzin. He recounts living with his parents and grandparents; their affluence; German invasion in 1939; fleeing to Kielce; returning home about a week later; finding their apartment ransacked; staying home while the adults worked; forced relocation; ghettoization in Kamionka; hiding with others during round-ups; his father purchasing false papers; escaping with his parents and grandparents to Budapest; his mother dyeing his hair blond; German invasion in March 1944; escaping to Bratisla...

  15. Edith K. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Edith K., who was born in Kupno, Poland in 1929, the oldest of three children. She recounts her family's affluence; attending school in Kolbuszowa; her brother's death from illness; German invasion in 1939; eviction from their home; forced relocation to Głógow Małopolski; ghettoization weeks later; her father's former Polish employee smuggling her out of the ghetto; her parents and sister joining her at his home; leaving to hide in the forest, fearing exposure; relatives joining them; being attacked by partisans; separation from her sister and her aunt's family who w...

  16. Ernest S. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Ernest S., who was born in Gherla, Romania in 1925, the youngest of five children. He recounts his family moving to Cluj in 1932; one brother's emigration to Palestine; Hungarian occupation; working on the family dairy farm; German occupation in spring 1944; ghettoization; deportation with his parents and two siblings to Auschwitz; separation from his family upon arrival (he never saw them again); assignment to the Zigeunerlager (Gypsy Lager), then transfer to another barrack; learning of the gas chambers; transfer two weeks later to Hirschberg; slave labor in Phrix W...

  17. Dezider L. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Dezider L., who was born in Prešov, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in 1912, one of three children. He recalls attending local Slovak and Jewish schools, then an academy in Košice; helping in his father's store; his leadership role in Maccabi; Slovak independence resulting in anti-Jewish violence by the Hlinka guard; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau via Žilina and Lublin in 1942; volunteering as a carpenter; a severe infection; a Greek fellow-prisoner obtaining medication and bandages which saved his life; praying with others on Yom Kippur; a death march to Mauthausen i...

  18. Howard F. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Howard F., who was born in Kaiserslautern, Germany, in 1910. Mr. F. speaks of his childhood in a "typical German-Jewish, upper-middle-class family"; his father's friendship with department store magnate David May; regarding his best friend's anti-Semitic remarks as a fact of life; difficulties seeking membership in a local club; attending Nazi rallies to learn the identities of regional party leaders; attending Munich University, where he represented Jews in the student parliament; returning to his parents' home in Saarbru?cken after graduation; and leaving his first ...

  19. Felicja N. Holocaust testimony

    Videotape testimony of Felicja N., who was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1924. She recalls attending public schools; celebrating Jewish holidays; few antisemitic incidents; frequent visits to family in Bia?ystok; German invasion; moving to Bia?ystok in the Soviet zone; German invasion; a mass killing which included her father and uncle; ghettoization; harsh working conditions and overcrowding; efforts of the Judenrat to ease conditions; round-ups and mass killings; receiving food from Polish friends; escaping to her friends; returning due to reluctance to leave her mother; a final escape with a...