Language of Description: English
Holding Institution: Budapest Főváros Levéltára
  1. Budapesti Nemzeti Bizottság iratai. A náci és nyilas rémtettek kivizsgálására alakult bizottság iratai

    • Budapest National Committee. The Committee for the Investigation of Nazi and Arrow Cross Atrocities

    The Records of the Committee for the Investigation of Nazi and Arrow Cross Atrocities are incorporated into the Records of the Budapest National Committee. The survived records include the documents related to the establishment of the Committee (fasc.9.), further documents related to the activities of the Committee including its correspondence with the Hungarian institutions of justice and investigation, photographs, documents on the burial of dead bodies that were lying in the territory of the ghetto, the protocols the Committee recorded or received in its official capacity, police protoco...

  2. Budapesti Népbíróság iratai. Büntetőperes iratok

    • People’s Court of Budapest. Criminal Trial Records. 1945-1949

    Documents of the Budapest People’s Court are one of the key sources pertaining to the interwar and wartime history of Hungary as well as the Holocaust. The materials include trials against former prime ministers Béla Imrédy, László Bárdossy, Döme Sztójay and Ferenc Szálasi, several ministers, undersecretaties of state and other protagonists of the anti-Jewish policies as well as the direct perpetrators of murders and other atrocities against labor servicemen and Jewish civilians, trials against members of the Arrow Cross, the Volksbund, gendarmerie and various other pro-Nazi organizations a...

  3. Népbíróságtól átvett peres ügyek iratai

    • Budapest Criminal Court. Records of criminal proceedings taken from the People’s Court, 1949-1950

    The collection contains materials from the late stages of the operation of People's Courts and their trials against war criminals and other defendants charged with political crimes at the time of the Stalinization of Hungary. The accused of these trials from 1949-1950 included various categories of Holocaust perpetrators.

  4. Budapest Székesfőváros Főpolgármesterének iratai

    • Records of the Mayor of Budapest

    Unified Budapest was created in the early 1870s and the city would soon emerge as a modern metropolis that in many ways acquired a dominant role in Hungarian affairs. The Mayor of Budapest was therefore a highly significant function. Since Budapest also had the second largest Jewish community on the continent with over 200 000 members and Jews played particularly prominent roles in the life of the city, the Records of the Mayor of Budapest are also of special interest to the study of how the country’s anti-Semitic radicalization was negotiated in the capital city. The story of Budapest and ...

  5. Budapest Székesfőváros Polgármesterének iratai

    There are several department of the Mayor's Office from after 1945 that are of special relevance for the study the Holocaust and its immediate aftereffects in Hungary. There are the Department of Public Law that dealt with issues of residence (to be found under IV.), the Department of Social Policy (to be found under IX.) and the Department of Industry and Commerce (XV.)

  6. Budapest Székesfőváros Árvaszékének iratai

    • Records of the Chancery of Budapest

    The Holocaust was not only the largest genocidal operation in 20th century Hungarian history but also a gigantic campaign to systematically rob the wealth of Hungarian Jewry. In Hungary, the Europe-wide campaign of robbery usually referred to by the name of Aryanization had various initiators and a large segment of benefactors in society while it was also planned as a state-directed and -controlled process. When the secret decree of April 7, 1944 was accepted concerning the so called de-Judaization of Hungary, it was also decided that Jews could bring 50 kgs of their belongings to the ghett...

  7. Budapest Székesfőváros Statisztikai Hivatalának iratai, 1870-1952

    • Records of the Bureau of Statistics of the Capital City of Budapest, 1870-1952

    The capital city of Budapest has played a major role in the life of Hungarian Jewry in modern times. By the 1930s and 1940s, the Jews of Budapest constituted by far the largest community in the country and second largest urban Jewish community on the continent (right behind Warsaw). After the Trianon Treaty of 1920 but before the rounds of border revisions between 1938 and 1941, around half of the Jews of Hungary belonged to this community. This meant that Jewish Hungarians amounted to nearly one-quarter of the population of Budapest at the beginning of the 20th century though, due at first...

  8. Kerületi Elöljáróságok iratai

    • Records of the District Councils of Budapest

    The Hungarian Law 1893:XXXIII. turned the Budapest district councils, at that time ten of them to which another four were to be added during the 1930s, into modern administrative bodies. Their functions extended way beyond administrative cases and combined functions of an office with an authority responsible for the issuing of certificates, the judging of cases of misdemeanor, the registration of children obliged to attend schools, the arrangement of public health-related issues, the pursuit of poor relief, etc. The combined profile of the disctrict councils of Budapest as administrative of...

  9. A közigazgatás területi szervei

    • The Territorial Bodies of Administration

    The collection on the Territorial Bodies of the Administration at the Budapest Municipal Archive contains much that is of relevance for the study of anti-Semitic radicalization and the Holocaust in Hungary. First of all, there is the documentation of the Hungarian police organs of the capital city who were among the Hungarian authorities actively involved in the persecution of Jews. The collection includes vast records of the Chief Captancy of the Hungarian Royal Police of Budapest (Magyar Királyi Államrendőrség Budapesti Főkapitánysága), its Central Organization (Budapesti Rendőr-főkapitán...

  10. A jogszolgáltatás területi szervei

    • The Territorial Bodies of Jurisprudence

    During the ever more drastic anti-Semitic turn of Hungary in the late years of the 1930s and the years of the Second World War, anti-Semitic radicalization has largely been a legalized process – even if a host of regulations that may not have been explicitly anti-Semitic were also applied to anti-Semitic effect (called bureaucratic anti-Semitism) and there were initiatives coming from lower levels that often violated the discriminatory laws in place (i.e. illegal anti-Semitism). Nevertheless, how exactly the Hungarian justice system functioned in these years and how it related to the escala...