P.6 - ארכיון וילהלם פילדרמן,יושב ראש איגוד הקהילות היהודיות ברומניה, 1924- 1947

Identifier
P.6
Language of Description
Hebrew
Level of Description
Record group
Languages
  • Romanian
  • French
  • Yiddish
  • German
Source
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

נייר, 5 מטרים

תעוד-אישי

תעוד רשמי

Archival History

שאול גרובר

החומרים נמסרו ליד ושם על ידי לשעבר מזכירו האישי לשעבר ומנהל עזבונו ב-

Scope and Content

ארכיון וילהלם פילדרמן,יושב ראש איגוד הקהילות היהודיות ברומניה, 1924- 1947 ארכיון אישי של ד"ר וילהלם פילדרמן, יושב ראש איגוד הקהילות היהודיות ברומניה בשנים 1941-1924 ו-1947-1944 ובכללו 119 קבצים כרוכים ובהם תעודות שנמסרו לארכיון יד ושם ב-1967: משנות העשרים המוקדמות של המאה העשרים עד 1948 היה ד"ר פילדרמן מנהיגה של יהדות רומניה; פילדרמן היה עורך- דין ידוע, יושב ראש איגוד הקהילות היהודיות ברומניה ויושב ראש התאחדות היהודים הרומנים; יושב ראש ארגון הג'וינט מ-1920, ציר בפרלמנט הרומני מטעם ההתאחדות בין שתי מלחמות העולם, נציג הסוכנות היהודית לארץ-ישראל מטעם הלא-ציונים ברומניה, ולזמן מה גם יושב ראש קהילת Bucuresti; בתוקף תפקידיו הרבים פעל ד"ר פילדרמן רבות למען התאזרחות היהודים ברומניה לאחר מלחמת העולם הראשונה, למען הפליטים היהודים מאוקראינה, שמירת זכויות יהודי רומניה ונגד גילויי אנטישמיות; ד"ר פילדרמן המשיך במאבקו גם בתקופת הטרור שהנהיגו מפלגת משמר הברזל והמשטר הפאשיסטי של Antonescu בשנים 1944-1940, ובכללו פיזור הארגונים היהודיים המסורתיים בידי השלטונות והקמתו של מרכז היהודים, שפעל בשנים 1944-1942 על-פי הדגם הגרמני; בשל פעילות זו והתנגדותו ל"קונטריבוציה" בסך ארבעה מיליארדים שהוטלה על היהודים, גורש ד"ר פילדרמן לתקופה קצרה ל-Transnistriaב-1943; במשך תקופת המלחמה קיים ד"ר פילדרמן קשרים עם פקידים בכירים, שרים ואף עם Antonescu , John, Mihai ; ד"ר פילדרמן הצליח למנוע את גירוש כל יהודי רומניה לפולין ולמנוע את גירוש הפליטים היהודים, שברחו לרומניה מהארצות שהיו תחת הכיבוש הנאצי; הודות להתערבותו בוטלה גזירת הטלאי הצהוב ב-1941 והוחזרו מגורשים מ-Transnistria; בתקופת המלחמה שיתף פעולה עם ההסתדרות הציונית במסגרת הוועד היהודי המחתרתי; ד"ר פילדרמן נאלץ לעזוב את רומניה בחשאי ב-1948, כי נרדף בידי הקומוניסטים; מאז ועד מותו ב-1963 חי ד"ר פילדרמן ב-Paris ועסק בכתיבת זיכרונותיו; ארכיונו של ד"ר פילדרמן נמסר בהסכמת המשפחה מ-Paris ליד ושם ב-1967 בידי ד"ר גרובר, מזכירו האישי לשעבר ומנהל עזבונו; הארכיון מורכב מ-119 קבצי תעודות כרוכות ומסודרות לרוב על-פי סדר כרונולוגי מהשנים 1947-1900; בארכיון התכתבות עם מוסדות ממשל רומניים ומוסדות יהודיים, קבצי חוקים, זיכרונות, תזכירים, רשימות מקטעי עיתונים ודוחות על אודות חיי היהודים ברומניה ועל פעילותו של ד"ר פילדרמן למען זכויותיהם; 79 כרכים כוללים תיעוד על התקופה שבין שתי מלחמות עולם ועל השנים 1944-1933; 33 כרכים כוללים תיעוד מהשנים 1947-1944; 7 כרכים כוללים את זיכרונותיו של ד"ר פילדרמן; לארכיון צורפו שני כרכים שנתגלו בישראל ונתרמו ליד ושם; בארכיון לא נמצא כל החומר המקורי, ויש להניח שמסמכים מקוריים רבים קיימים עדיין בידי בני משפחת פילדרמן ב-Paris וב-London; במלאכת הרישום והסידור התעוררו קשיים אחדים, הנובעים מריבוי העתקים ותרגומים של התעודות מרומנית לצרפתית הפזורים בכל הכרכים ופוגעים בסדר הכרונולוגי.

Accruals

אוסף זה הינו אוסף סגור ולא צפוי להתווסף אליו תיעוד נוסף בעתיד.

Process Info

  • ארכיון יד ושם

People

Places

P.6 - Archive of Dr. Wilhelm Filderman, Chairman of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania, 1924-1947

Identifier
P.6
Language of Description
English
Level of Description
Record group
Languages
  • Romanian
  • French
  • Yiddish
  • German
Source
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

Paper, 5 meters

Personal documents

Official documentation

Archival History

The materials were transferred to Yad Vashem by Shaul Gruber in 1967 former secretary and his testamentary executer.

Scope and Content

P.6 - Archive of Dr. Wilhelm Filderman, Chairman of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania, 1924-1947 The personal archive of Dr. Wilhelm Filderman, Chairman of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania, 1924-1941 and 1944-1947, includes 119 bound collections of documents which were submitted to Yad Vashem in 1967. Dr. Wilhelm Filderman was the leader of Romanian Jewry from the early 1920's until 1948. A prominent lawyer, he served as Chairman of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania and Chairman of the Union of Romanian Jews. He was Chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee from 1920, a Deputy in the Romanian parliament representing the Union of Romanian Jews in the period between World War I and World War II, the Romanian non-Zionist representative of the Jewish Agency for Eretz Israel, and for a short time, the Chairman of the Bucharest Jewish Community. As part of his many public duties, he struggled hard to secure citizenship for the Jews of Romania after World War I, while working on behalf of the Jewish refugees from Ukraine, preserving the rights of the Jews of Romania and combating anti-Semitism. Dr. Filderman continued his struggle even during the Iron Guard terror and Antonescu's fascist regime, 1940-1944, including dissolution of the traditional Jewish organizations by the German authorities and the establishment of a "Jewish Center" based on the German model in their place, 1942-1944. For these activities, and his resistance to the forced contribution of four billion lei that was levied on the Jews, Dr. Filderman was deported to Transnistria for a short time in 1943. Throughout the war, Dr. Filderman maintained contact with senior officials and ministers, and even with Ion Antonescu and Mihai Antonescu. He succeeded in preventing the deportation of all the Jews of Romania to Poland, and prevented the deportation of the Jewish refugees who had escaped to Romania from other countries under Nazi occupation; thanks to his intervention, the decree imposing the wearing of the yellow badge was repealed in 1941, and deportees to Transnistria were repatriated. During the war, he cooperated with the Zionist Federation as part of the underground Jewish Committee. Due to persecution by the Communists, Dr. Filderman had to leave Romania secretly in 1948. Until his death in 1963, he lived in Paris and devoted himself to writing his memoirs. With the agreement of his family, Dr. Filderman's archive was transferred to Yad Vashem from Paris in 1967 by Dr. Gruber, Filderman's former personal secretary and his testament executor. The collection is made up of 119 bound collections of documents, arranged for the most part in chronological order, 1924-1947. The documents include correspondence with Romanian government institutions and Jewish institutions, collections of laws, memoirs, memoranda, notes, newspaper clippings, and reports regarding Jewish life in Romania and Dr. Filderman's activities for the rights of the Romanian Jews. - 79 volumes include documentation regarding the period between World War I and World War II, and the years 1933-1944; - 33 volumes include documentation regarding the period from 1944-1947; - 7 volumes include Dr. Filderman's memoirs. Two additional volumes, which were found in Israel, and contributed to Yad Vashem, have been added to the archive. Not all the original material is in the archive, and it can be assumed that many original documents are still in the possession of the Filderman family in Paris and London During the registration and arrangement process, a number of difficulties arose due to the multiplicity of copies and translations of the documents from Romanian to French interspersed within all the volumes and disrupting the chronological order.

Accruals

No additional accurals will be added to this collection

Process Info

  • Yad Vashem Archives

People

Places

The Wilhelm Filderman Archive: Chairman of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania, 1924-1947

Identifier
P.6
Language of Description
English
Dates
1924-1947
Level of Description
Record group
Languages
  • English
  • French
  • German
  • Romanian
  • Yiddish
  • Hebrew
Source
EHRI

Extent and Medium

167 files

Creator(s)

Biographical History

Dr. Wilhelm Filderman was the leader of Romanian Jewry from the early 1920's until 1948. A prominent lawyer, he served as Chairman of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania and Chairman of the Union of Romanian Jews. He was Chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee from 1920, a Deputy in the Romanian parliament representing the Union of Romanian Jews in the period between World War I and World War II, the Romanian non-Zionist representative of the Jewish Agency for Eretz Israel, and for a short time, the Chairman of the Bucharest Jewish Community.

As part of his many public duties, he struggled hard to secure citizenship for the Jews of Romania after World War I, while working on behalf of the Jewish refugees from Ukraine, preserving the rights of the Jews of Romania and combating anti-Semitism. Dr. Filderman continued his struggle even during the Iron Guard terror and Antonescu's fascist regime, 1940-1944, including dissolution of the traditional Jewish organizations by the German authorities and the establishment of a "Jewish Center" based on the German model in their place, 1942-1944. For these activities, and his resistance to the forced contribution of four billion lei that was levied on the Jews, Dr. Filderman was deported to Transnistria for a short time in 1943.

Throughout the war, Dr. Filderman maintained contact with senior officials and ministers, and even with Ion Antonescu and Mihai Antonescu. He succeeded in preventing the deportation of all the Jews of Romania to Poland, and prevented the deportation of the Jewish refugees who had escaped to Romania from other countries under Nazi occupation; thanks to his intervention, the decree imposing the wearing of the yellow badge was repealed in 1941, and deportees to Transnistria were repatriated.

During the war, he cooperated with the Zionist Federation as part of the underground Jewish Committee. Due to persecution by the Communists, Dr. Filderman had to leave Romania secretly in 1948. Until his death in 1963, he lived in Paris and devoted himself to writing his memoirs.

Archival History

With the agreement of his family, Dr. Filderman's archive was transferred to Yad Vashem from Paris in 1967 by Dr. Gruber, Filderman's former personal secretary and his testament executor.

Scope and Content

The documents include correspondence with Romanian government institutions and Jewish institutions, collections of laws, memoirs, memoranda, notes, newspaper clippings, and reports regarding Jewish life in Romania and Dr. Filderman's activities for the rights of the Romanian Jews. - 79 volumes include documentation regarding the period between World War I and World War II, and the years 1933-1944;- 33 volumes include documentation regarding the period from 1944-1947; - 7 volumes include Dr. Filderman's memoirs. Two additional volumes, which were found in Israel, and contributed to Yad Vashem, have been added to the archive.

System of Arrangement

During the registration and arrangement process, a number of difficulties arose due to the multiplicity of copies and translations of the documents from Romanian to French interspersed within all the volumes and disrupting the chronological order.

Finding Aids

  • Description of rhe files are avaiable on IDEA ALM system at Yad Vashem Archives reading room and ont the YV website

Existence and Location of Originals

  • YV archives Not all Filderman's original material is included in this collection , and it can be assumed that many original documents are still in the hands of members of the Filderman family in Paris and London.

Archivist Note

JL according to the RG descripton in the YV computerized catalogue

Dates of Descriptions

2012-06-10

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