Archives of A. Silberschein, Geneva (Relico).

Identifier
M.20
Language of Description
English
Dates
1 Jan 1939 - 31 Dec 1951
Level of Description
Fonds
Source
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

243 files.

Creator(s)

Scope and Content

In this fonds, we firstly note the correspondence of Silberschein with the Fédération des Juifs polonais en Belgique, concerning relief for Shoah survivors and financial support (file nr. 8; years 1946-1949). In nr. 110 we find several reports (i.a. a detailed activity report of the Comité de Défense des Juifs, 1942-1943) and correspondence concerning the situation of the Jews in Belgium, the deportations, difficulties in emigrating to the United States, the condition of intellectual refugees in Belgium, necessary relief, … for the period 1940-1944. File 89 (1945-1947) contains correspondence with E. Lapman in Brussels, with regards to financial aid and the activities of the Poale Zion party. Bulletins published by Silberschein concerning the condition of Polish Jewish Shoah survivors in i.a. Belgium can be found in nr. 207 (1946). Nr. 29 contains, among others, a letter concerning a group of Jewish children from Brussels, detained at the Spanish border (1943). Lastly, we note in nr. 112 a photograph of Jewish soldiers of the Polish army, praying with Belgian Shoah survivors on Yom Kippur (in Ghent).

Finding Aids

Process Info

Subjects

M.20 - ארכיון דר' אברהם זילברשיין ז'נווה, תיעוד על אודות סיוע ליהודים נרדפים, 1951-1939

Identifier
M.20
Language of Description
Hebrew
Dates
1 Jan 1939 - 31 Dec 1951
Level of Description
Record group
Languages
  • German
  • French
Source
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

תעוד רשמי

Archival History

החומרים נמסרו ליד ושם על ידי

ארכיונו של ד"ר אברהם זילבשיין הובא ארצה מ-Geneve לאחר מותו ב-1952. במשך עשר שנים אחסנו את הארכיון במרתף של בית מפלגת פועלי ציון - התאחדות (שחלק מחבריה הצטרף למפלגת מפא"י) בתל אביב. ב-1962 הועבר הארכיון ליד ושם. רוב החומר עוסק בפעולות העזרה ליהודי פולין, הולנד, צרפת, איטליה וארצות אחרות. כמו כן, יש תיעוד בנוגע לניסיונות ההצלה שבהן היה ד"ר זילברשיין מעורב. בארכיון יש גם תיעוד רב על אודות מצב היהודים בארצות אלה בימי מלחמת העולם השניה ולאחריה, וכן תיעוד על אודות מצב היהודים במחנות העקורים בגרמניה ובאוסטריה. לארכיון זילברשיין צורפו גם עשרה תיקים שהיו שייכים לארכיונו של יוסף טהון, עסקן ציבורי מפולין. אף טהון הגיע ל-Geneve ב-1939 ונשאר בה עד שעלה בידו להגר לארצות הברית בתחילת 1941.

Scope and Content

ארכיון ד"ר אברהם זילברשיין ז'נווה, תיעוד על אודות סיוע ליהודים נרדפים, 1951-1939 ד"ר אברהם זילברשיין נולד ב-Lwow שבפולין בשנת 1882 . הוא היה עורך דין והתמסר לעסקנות ציבורית. ד"ר זילברשיין היה בין האישים הבולטים בתנועת העבודה הציונית בפולין ונבחר מטעמה לציר בסיים הפולני בשנת 1922. הוא הגיע בתור ציר לקונגרס הציוני ה-21 ב-Geneve ב-1930.בגלל פרוץ המלחמה לא חזר לפולין ונשאר בשוויץ. הוא ניסה לארגן משוויץ פעולות עיזר ליהודים הנרדפים בפולין ובגרמניה. ד"ר זילברשיין יסד את ארגון Relico, ובאמצעותו ניהל במהלך המלחמה ולאחריה את פעולות העזרה וההצלה. הוא קיים קשרים ושיתוף פעולה עם מוסדות יהודיים בעולם וגם עם גורמים לא-יהודים בשוויץ, שלהם מסר מידע על פשעי גרמנים בארצות אירופה הכבושה. הוא שאב את המידע החשוב ביותר מעדויות פליטים שהצליחו לברוח מפולין. דוחות אלה הוציא בשיכפול ב-1944 והמציאם לעיתונים ולנציגויות דיפלומטיות בשוויץ, וכן גם לארגונים יהודיים. את עיקר פעילותו ראה במשלוח תעודות הצלה ליהודים רבים ככל האפשר בארצות הכיבוש הגרמני.

בארכיון חומר מן השנים 1939- 1950. רוב החומר עוסק בפעולות העזרה ליהודי פולין, הולנד, צרפת, איטליה וארצות אחרות. כמו כן, יש תיעוד בנוגע לניסיונות ההצלה שבהן היה ד"ר זילברשיין מעורב. בארכיון יש גם תיעוד רב על אודות מצב היהודים בארצות אלה בימי מלחמת העולם השניה ולאחריה, וכן תיעוד על אודות מצב היהודים במחנות העקורים בגרמניה ובאוסטריה. לארכיון זילברשיין צורפו גם עשרה תיקים שהיו שייכים לארכיונו של יוסף טהון, עסקן ציבורי מפולין. אף טהון הגיע ל-Geneve ב-1939 ונשאר בה עד שעלה בידו להגר לארצות הברית בתחילת 1941.

Accruals

האוסף הינו אוסף סגור ולא צפוי להתווסף אליו תיעוד נוסף בעתיד.

System of Arrangement

הסדר המקורי של הארכיון לא נשמר, וכשהובא ליד ושם ניסו למיין את החומר ולתייקו על פי הסדר המקורי המשוער. מלבד תיקי המכתבים נוצרה סדרת תיקים שנבנו על פי נושאים ומקומות, וכן תיקים ובהם דוחות ועדויות על אודות הנעשה בארצות הכיבוש הגרמני.

Existence and Location of Originals

  • התיעוד המקורי של חטיבה זו נמצא בארכיון יד ושם

Process Info

  • ארכיון יד ושם

Corporate Bodies

Places

M.20 - Archive of Dr. Abraham Silberschein, Geneva: Documentation regarding relief to persecuted Jews, 1939-1951

Identifier
M.20
Language of Description
English
Dates
1 Jan 1939 - 31 Dec 1951
Level of Description
Record group
Languages
  • German
  • French
Source
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

Official documentation

Archival History

The materials were transferred to Yad Vashem by World Jewish Congress (WJC)

Dr. Abraham Silberschein's archive was transferred to Israel from Geneva after Dr. Silberschein's death in 1952. For ten years, the archive was housed in the cellar of the Poalei Zion-Hitachdut party (some of whose members joined the Mapai party) building in Tel Aviv. In 1962 the archive was transferred to Yad Vashem. The archive contains material from 1939-1950. Most of the material deals with relief activities for the Jews of Poland, the Netherlands, France, Italy and other countries. Additionally, there is documentation regarding rescue attempts in which Dr. Silberschein was involved. In the archive there is much documentation regarding the condition of the Jews in these countries during World War II and afterwards, as well as documentation regarding the condition of the Jews in the DP camps in Germany and Austria. Ten files that previously had been part of the archives of Josef Tahon, a public figure in Poland were added to the Silberschein Archive. Tahon, too, arrived in Geneva in 1939 and remained there until he could emigrate to the United States in early 1941.

Scope and Content

M.20 - Archive of Dr. Abraham Silberschein, Geneva: Documentation regarding relief to persecuted Jews, 1939-1951 Born in 1882, in Lwow, Poland, Dr. Abraham Silberschein was an attorney who dedicated himself to public service. He was one of the outstanding leaders of the Labor Zionist movement in Poland, and in 1922, he was elected by the movement to serve in the Polish Sejm as the Labor Zionist representative . In 1930 he arrived in Geneva as a representative to the Zionist Congress. Due to the outbreak of World War II, Dr. Silberschein did not return to Poland, but he remained in Switzerland from where he tried to organize relief activities for the persecuted Jews in Poland and Germany. He was the founder of the "Relico" Organization and through Relico he administered rescue and relief activities throughout the war and afterwards. He maintained contact and cooperated with Jewish institutions throughout the world as well as with non-Jewish bodies in Switzerland to which he passed on information regarding German war crimes in the occupied countries of Europe. He gleaned the most important information from testimonies of refugees who succeeded in escaping from Poland. He duplicated these reports on mimeograph machines in 1944 and made them available to newspapers and diplomatic legations in Switzerland, as well as to Jewish organizations. He considered the essence of his activity to be the sending of rescue documents to as many Jews as possible in the German occupied countries.

Accruals

No additional accurals will be added to this collection.

System of Arrangement

The original order of the archive had not been preserved, and when the material was brought to Yad Vashem, an attempt was made to sort the material and file it according to the original order, as it was assumed to have been. Besides the correspondence files, a series of files was set up according to subjects and places, as well as files with reports and testimonies regarding the events in the German occupied countries.

Existence and Location of Originals

  • Originals held by Yad Vashem

Process Info

  • Yad Vashem Archives

Corporate Bodies

Places

The Abraham Silberschein Archive, Geneva: Documentation regarding relief to persecuted Jews, 1939-1951

Identifier
M.20
Language of Description
English
Dates
, 1 Jan 1939 - 31 Dec 1951
Level of Description
Record group
Languages
  • German
  • French
  • Hebrew
Scripts
  • Hebrew
  • Latin
Source
EHRI

Extent and Medium

243 Files

Biographical History

Born in 1882, in Lwow, Poland, Dr. Abraham Silberschein was an attorney who dedicated himself to public service. He was one of the outstanding leaders of the Labor Zionist movement in Poland, and in 1922, he was elected by the movement to serve in the Polish Sejm as the Labor Zionist representative . In 1930 he arrived in Geneva as a representative to the Zionist Congress. Due to the outbreak of World War II, Dr. Silberschein did not return to Poland, but he remained in Switzerland from where he tried to organize relief activities for the persecuted Jews in Poland and Germany. He was the founder of the "Relico" Organization and through Relico he administered rescue and relief activities throughout the war and afterwards. He maintained contact and cooperated with Jewish institutions throughout the world as well as with non-Jewish bodies in Switzerland to which he passed on information regarding German war crimes in the occupied countries of Europe. He gleaned the most important information from testimonies of refugees who succeeded in escaping from Poland. He duplicated these reports on mimeograph machines in 1944 and made them available to newspapers and diplomatic legations in Switzerland, as well as to Jewish organizations. He considered the essence of his activity to be the sending of rescue documents to as many Jews as possible in the German occupied countries.

Archival History

Dr. Abraham Silberschein's archive was transferred to Israel from Geneva after Dr. Silberschein's death in 1952. For ten years, the archive was housed in the cellar of the Poalei Zion-Hitachdut party (some of whose members joined the Mapai party) building in Tel Aviv. In 1962 the archive was transferred to Yad Vashem.

Scope and Content

The archive contains material from 1939-1950. Most of the material deals with relief activities for the Jews of Poland, the Netherlands, France, Italy and other countries. Additionally, there is documentation regarding rescue attempts in which Dr. Silberschein was involved. In the archive there is much documentation regarding the condition of the Jews in these countries during World War II and afterwards, as well as documentation regarding the condition of the Jews in the DP camps in Germany and Austria. Ten files that previously had been part of the archives of Josef Tahon, a public figure in Poland were added to the Silberschein Archive. Tahon, too, arrived in Geneva in 1939 and remained there until he could emigrate to the United States in early 1941.

System of Arrangement

The original order of the archive had not been preserved, and when the material was brought to Yad Vashem, an attempt was made to sort the material and file it according to the original order, as it was assumed to have been. Besides the correspondence files, a series of files was set up according to subjects and places, as well as files with reports and testimonies regarding the events in the German occupied countries.

Finding Aids

  • Description of the files are available on IDEA ALM system at Yad Vashem Archives reading room and on the Yad Vashem website

Existence and Location of Originals

  • YV archives

Archivist Note

JL according to the description of the RG in the Yad Vashem system

Dates of Descriptions

2012-05-28

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