Dr. I. Schwarzbart, Member of the Polish National Council in Exile Archive, London.

Identifier
M.2
Language of Description
English
Level of Description
Fonds
Source
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

895 files.

Creator(s)

Scope and Content

We firstly note file nr. 642, containing correspondence of Schwarzbart with Jewish organisations in France and Belgium (1944-1945). In file nr. 398 we find correspondence, statements, reports, publications and other documents concerning Jewish refugees from Poland in Belgium and France, and activities on their behalf (1944-1946). Nr. 399 contains reports on Polish Jewish refugees in Belgium and France, and on their situation in these countries during the occupation (1944). Reports regarding Schwarzbart’s visit to Belgium can be found in nr. 643 (1945). Lastly, we find notes from conversations and correspondence (ca. 1943-1948) between Schwarzbart and Chaim Weizmann, i.a. concerning the Jews in Belgium.

Finding Aids

Process Info

Subjects

M.2 - ארכיון יצחק שוורצבארט, חבר ממשלת פולין הגולה בלונדון 1939 - 1958

Identifier
M.2
Language of Description
Hebrew
Level of Description
Record group
Languages
  • English
  • French
  • Hebrew
  • Polish
Source
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

מקור, 895 תיקים

תעוד רשמי

תעוד-פרט

יומן

מכתב

Scope and Content

ארכיון יצחק שווארצבארט, חבר ממשלת פולין הגולה בלונדון 1939 - 1958 ד"ר יצחק איגנצי (Itzhak Ignacy) שווארצבארט (Schwarzbart) נולד ב-Chrzanow שבפולין בשנת 1888 . הוא החל בקריירה משפטית בתור עורך דין ב-1913. שווארצבארט שימש כסגן העורך הראשי של עיתון יומי ראשי שהופיע ב-Krakow בשנים 1921-1925, וכתב גם בעיתונים יומיים אחרים. בתקופה שבין שתי מלחמות העולם כיהן בתור ציר בקונגרסים ציוניים, פעל בסיעת החברים היהודים במועצה העירונית של Krakow ובהנהגת הקהילה היהודית. הוא מילא תפקיד מכריע בעיצובה של סיעה ב' של הסתדרות הציונים הכללים ב-1931. שווארצבארט נבחר לציר בסיים הפולני באיזור Krakow בנובמבר 1938.לאחר פלישת גרמניה לפולין בספטמבר 1939 עזב שווארצבארט את פולין יחד עם שרי הממשלה הפולנית לרומניה וממנה לצרפת. ממשלת פולין הגולה הוקמה בצרפת בדצמבר 1939 ושווארצבארט התמנה לחבר המועצה הלאומית הפולנית הגולה. לאחר כניעת צרפת ביולי 1940 הגיע שווארצבארט יחד עם שרי הממשלה הגולה ל-London . שווארצבארט היה חבר נציגות יהודי פולין מיום היווסדה באוקטובר 1940, וכמו כן, הקים בינואר 1940 את "הוועד למען ענייני היהודים הפולנים" ששינה את שמו במרס 1940 ל"וועד המארגן של נציגות יהדות פולין". שווארצבארט פעל מתוך לשכתו גם בתור חבר לשכת המועצה הלאומית של הרפובליקה הפולנית, ובה בעת בגם תור בא כוחה של הנציגות של יהודי פולין. בנוסף לשיתוף הפעולה שלו עם הסוכנות היהודית, הקונגרס הציוני העולמי וארגונים יהודיים אחרים, פעל שווארצבארט גם בקרב הפליטים בבריטניה. בעקבות פעילות זאת התמנה ב-1942 ליו"ר מועצת הציונים באירופה ע"ש נחום סוקולוב. החטיבה מכילה את ארכיון לשכת שווארצבארט מהשנים 1940-1946 ובה התכתבות עם מוסדות יהודיים ופולניים, פרוטוקולים דוחות של נציגות של ממשלת פולין בפולין הכבושה, דוחות של הנציגות של יהודי פולין ובכללם עדויות של פליטים יהודים מפולין הכבושה, טקסטים לתכניות שהכין שווארצבארט בשביל תחנת הרדיו של ה-BBC, חומר על אודות מצוקות היהודים בפולין הכבושה וכן יומנו של ד"ר שווארצבארט מינואר 1940- דצמבר 1947 העוסק ברובו במצב יהודי פולין הכבושה, התנגדות, השמדת היהודים, פעולות הצלה, אנטישמיות בצבא הפולני ועוד. ארכיונו של יצחק שווארצבארט הגיע ליד ושם באפריל 1962. כרבע מהחומר שהתקבל היה מסודר ב-200 תיקים והשאר היה מפוזר ובלתי מסודר. העבודה על ארכיונו הייתה במהותה שיחזור מחדש של מבנהו המקורי. השינויים שהוכנסו היו בעיקר סימון התיקים בתוך המדורים במספור רצוף.

Accruals

האוסף הינו אוסף סגור ולא צפוי להתווסף אליו תיעוד נוסף בעתיד.

Existence and Location of Originals

  • התיעוד המקורי של חטיבה זו נמצא בארכיון יד ושם

Process Info

  • ארכיון יד ושם

Places

M.2 - Archive of Itzhak Schwarzbart, member of the Polish Government-in-Exile in London, 1939-1958

Identifier
M.2
Language of Description
English
Level of Description
Record group
Languages
  • English
  • French
  • Polish
Source
EHRI Partner

Extent and Medium

Original, 895 files

Official documentation

Personal records

Diary

Letter

Scope and Content

M.2 - Archive of Itzhak Schwarzbart, member of the Polish Government-in-Exile in London, 1939-1958 Dr. Itzhak Ignacy Schwarzbart was born in Chrzanow, Poland, in 1888. He studied to be a lawyer and began his legal career in 1913. He served as the Assistant Editor-in-Chief of a daily newspaper that appeared in Krakow, 1921-1925, while writing for other daily newspapers as well. During the period between World War I and World War II, he served as a representative at Zionist Congresses and was active in the Jewish faction in the Krakow Municipal Council and the leadership of the Jewish community. In 1931, he played a decisive role in the formation of Group B of the Union of General Zionists. In November 1938, Schwarzbart was elected to the Polish Sejm (lower house of parliament) as a representative of the Krakow district. Following the German occupation of Poland in September 1939, Schwarzbart left Poland together with ministers of the Polish government, moving first to Romania, and from there to France, where the Polish Government-in-Exile was established in December 1939 and Schwarzbart was appointed as a member of the Polish National Council in exile. After the surrender of France in July 1940, Schwarzbart moved to London along with the other ministers of the Government-in-Exile. Schwarzbart served as a member of the Polish Jewish Representation from the day it was founded in October 1940. Additionally, in January 1940, Schwarzbart established the "Committee On Behalf of Polish Jewish Affairs", which changed its name to the "Organizing Committee of the Polish Jewish Representation", in March 1940. From his office Schwarzbart also worked as a member of the Office of the National Council of the Polish Republic while serving as representative of the Delegation of Polish Jewry. In addition to his cooperation with the Jewish Agency, the World Zionist Congress and other Jewish organizations, Schwarzbart also worked with the refugees in Britain. As a result of this activity, he was appointed as Chairman of the Nachum Sokolov Zionist Council in Europe. The record group contains the archives from Schwarzbart's office from 1940-1946. It consists of Dr. Schwarzbart's correspondence with Jewish and Polish institutions, protocols, reports from the Government Delegation for Poland (the representatives of the Polish Government-in-Exile in Occupied Poland), reports of the Polish Jewish Representation including testimonies of Jewish refugees from occupied Poland, texts of radio broadcasts Schwarzbart prepared for the BBC, material regarding the plight of the Jews in occupied Poland as well as Dr. Schwarzbart's diary from January 1940-December 1947 which dealt mainly with the condition of the Jews of Occupied Poland, resistance, extermination of the Jews, rescue activities, anti-Semitism in the Polish Army and more. Dr. Isaac (Ignacy) Schwarzbart's archives were submitted to Yad Vashem in 1962. Approximately one quarter of the material was already arranged in 200 files; the rest was loose and disorganized. Work on the archive was essentially a reconstruction of the original structure. The changes that were introduced consisted mainly of numbering the files within each section consecutively.

Accruals

No additional accurals will be added to this collection.

Existence and Location of Originals

  • Originals held by Yad Vashem

Process Info

  • Yad Vashem Archives

People

Places

The Itzhak Schwarzbart Archive: Member of The Polish Government-In-Exile in London, 1939-1958

Identifier
M.2
Language of Description
English
Dates
1 Jan 1939 - 1 Jan 1958
Level of Description
Record group
Languages
  • English
  • French
  • Hebrew
  • Polish
Scripts
  • Hebrew
  • Latin
Source
EHRI

Extent and Medium

895 Files

Creator(s)

Biographical History

Dr. Itzhak Ignacy Schwarzbart was born in Chrzanow, Poland, in 1888. He studied to be a lawyer and began his legal career in 1913. He served as the Assistant Editor-in-Chief of a daily newspaper that appeared in Krakow, 1921-1925, while writing for other daily newspapers as well. During the period between World War I and World War II, he served as a representative at Zionist Congresses and was active in the Jewish faction in the Krakow Municipal Council and the leadership of the Jewish community. In 1931, he played a decisive role in the formation of Group B of the Union of General Zionists. In November 1938, Schwarzbart was elected to the Polish Sejm (lower house of parliament) as a representative of the Krakow district. Following the German occupation of Poland in September 1939, Schwarzbart left Poland together with ministers of the Polish government, moving first to Romania, and from there to France, where the Polish Government-in-Exile was established in December 1939 and Schwarzbart was appointed as a member of the Polish National Council in exile. After the surrender of France in July 1940, Schwarzbart moved to London along with the other ministers of the Government-in-Exile. Schwarzbart served as a member of the Polish Jewish Representation from the day it was founded in October 1940. Additionally, in January 1940, Schwarzbart established the "Committee On Behalf of Polish Jewish Affairs", which changed its name to the "Organizing Committee of the Polish Jewish Representation", in March 1940. From his office Schwarzbart also worked as a member of the Office of the National Council of the Polish Republic while serving as representative of the Delegation of Polish Jewry. In addition to his cooperation with the Jewish Agency, the World Zionist Congress and other Jewish organizations, Schwarzbart also worked with the refugees in Britain. As a result of this activity, he was appointed as Chairman of the Nachum Sokolov Zionist Council in Europe.

Archival History

Dr. Isaac (Ignacy) Schwarzbart's archives were submitted to Yad Vashem in 1962. Approximately one quarter of the material was already arranged in 200 files; the rest was loose and disorganized. Work on the archive was essentially a reconstruction of the original structure. The changes that were introduced consisted mainly of numbering the files within each section consecutively.

Scope and Content

The record group contains the archives from Schwarzbart's office from 1940-1946. It consists of Dr. Schwarzbart's correspondence with Jewish and Polish institutions, protocols, reports from the Government Delegation for Poland (the representatives of the Polish Government-in-Exile in Occupied Poland), reports of the Polish Jewish Representation including testimonies of Jewish refugees from occupied Poland, texts of radio broadcasts Schwarzbart prepared for the BBC, material regarding the plight of the Jews in occupied Poland as well as Dr. Schwarzbart's diary from January 1940-December 1947 which dealt mainly with the condition of the Jews of Occupied Poland, resistance, extermination of the Jews, rescue activities, anti-Semitism in the Polish Army and more.

Finding Aids

  • Description of files available on IDEA ALM system at Yad Vashem Archives reading room and on the YV website

Existence and Location of Originals

  • YV archives

Archivist Note

JL according to the RG description in the YV computerized catalogue

Subjects

Places