- Independent State of Croatia
The Germans created two Nazi-puppet states, the Nezavisna Drazava Hrvatska, which included Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia, which was occupied by the Wehrmacht. The NDH was run by Ante Pavelic, who headed the Ustase movement. There were 2 million Serbs in the NDH as well as 700,000 Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks), 40,000 Jews, and 28,500 Roma. Officials in the NDH considered Serbs, Jews and Roma ‘outside the law’.