Reichskommissariat Ostland

  • State Commission for Eastern Territories
Type of Entity
Corporate Body


Reichskommissariat Ostland was a major component of the German civil administration in the Occupied Territories of the Soviet Union. Headed by Dr. Alfred Rosenberg, it included Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Belorussia. The municipal administrations contained police forces consisting of volunteers operating under the direction of the German police. Local administrators were composed of collaborators who actively aided the Nazis in the murder of Jews. From 1941-07/09, most of the Jews in the Baltic were shot to death (224,000), while the Jews of Belorussia were targeted in 1942.


  • Dictionary of the Holocaust : Biography, geography, and terminology / E.J. Epstein, P. Rosen. – Westport, 1997. – p. 249, 250

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